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Supply Side of the Labour Market Curaçao: Labour Force Survey 2014-2015

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Supply Side of the Labour Market Curaçao: Labour Force Survey 2014-2015

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labour
werkgelegenheid
unemployment
employment

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Central Bureau of Statistics Curaçao
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Supply Side of the Labour Market of Curaao: Labour Force Survey 2014 2015 Ir lice Jansen, MSc

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Central Bureau of Statistics Fort Amsterdam z/n, Curaao Fax: Email: info@cbs.cw Website: www.cbs.cw Copyright Willemstad, Central Bureau of Statistics 201 6 The contents of this publication may be quoted, provided that the source is mentioned accurately and clearly. ISBN: 978 99904 60 92 6

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 3 Preface The Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) introduced in 1987 the Labour Force Survey (LFS) in Curaao to provide reliable statistical information on the supply side of the labour market on a regular basis Today, a variety of data on the employed, unemployed, and the economically not active population is being collected during the LFS An innovation in the LFS has been the introduction of a new method to collect the data. Si nce 2014, the CBS of Curaao m oved from a paper based data collection method to a digital data collection method. Th is development proved to have various benefits like faste r data collection, data with a higher quality, and faster process of the data. However, with every new technique, there is the need for careful evaluation and validation before its introduction. This was satisfactory done in the years 2014 and 2015. Therefore, the results of the LFS conducted in 2014 and 2 015 will be presented now The report is divided into three parts. The first par t gives an introduction o n the topic of labour market. The second part describes the (new) methodology of the LFS and in the third part of the report the results are presented. The CBS of Curaao hopes that this report meets the needs of users for up to date and comprehensive information on the supply side of the labour market and that the results will be used by stakeholders in the public as well as the private sector. A sincere word of thanks goes to the population of Curaao for their yearly cooperation and participation in the LFS. Furthermore, to the author of this publication Ir lice Jansen, MSc (senior statistician, department of Social and Demographic Statistics a t CBS) and the scientific staff of the CBS for their valuable input. The Director Drs. Sean de Boer

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 4 Explanatory notes Blank = category not applicable Total percentages in tables or figures may not necessarily add up to 100% because of rounding.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 5 Acknowledgments The aut hor would like to thank the head of the de partment So cial and Demographic Statistics (Mike Jacobs) and Zaida Lake for their expertise on the topic; the head of the Fieldwork department (Ria Duyndam ), the coordinators of the LFS (Mary Conquet Provence and Kwailang Lai) and the 38 interviewers for their contribution in data collection; Romualdo Alfonso, Gregory Lai and Lysandra de Meza for data management; Menno ter Bals and Leander Kuijvenhoven for t he study population; Ruthmila Eisden and Filomena Valks for data coding; and the remaining colleagues in particular Dainadira Eustatius Martis, Ellen Maduro and Harely Martina, for their contribution and interest in the study. A special word of thanks to the following stakeholder s for their collaboration : Ministry of Social Development, Labour and Welfare (SOAW); Ministry of Education Science Culture and Sport (OWCS); Mini stry of Economic Development (MEO) ; Registry Office ) Central Bank of Curaao and St. Maarten (CBCS); Curaao Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KvK); Curaao Trade Industry and Association (VBC); Kenniscentrum Beroepsonderwijs Bedrijfsleven ; Trade unions: Sentral di Sindikato nan di Krsou (SSK) and Sentral General di Trahadornan di Krsou (CGTC).

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 7 Abbreviations AKO Arbeidskrachtenonderzoek CAPI Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing CBS Central Bureau of Statistics CSPro Census and Survey Processing System HAVO HBO ILO International Labour Organization IQR Inter quartile range ISCED International Standard Classification of Education ISCO International Standard Classification of Occupation ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification KILM Key Indicators of Labour Market LFS Labour Force Survey MAVO MBO SBO SOAW Social Developme nt, Labour and Welfare SPSS Statistical Package for the Social Sciences VSBO VWO WO

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 9 Summary Between October 2014 and October 2015, t he population of Curaao aged 15 years and older increased by approximately 2,000 persons. The results of the Labour Force Survey in 2014 and 2015 shows that this increase in the population relates to the labour force. The labour force encompasses t he employed and unemployed (non institutionalized) population aged 15 years and older In 2014, the labour force of Curaao consisted of 67,850 persons and increased by 2,171 persons, reaching a total of 70,021 persons in 2015 This is an increase of 3.2% The size of the employed population increased from 59,295 persons in 2014 to 61,823 persons in 2015 while the size of the unemployed population decreased from 8,555 persons in 2014 to 8,198 persons in 2015. Accordingly, the unemploy ment rate decreased slightly fro m 12.6% in 2014 to 11.7% in 2015. The increase in the labour force and the decrease in the unemployment rate were visible in both sexes. In 2014, 5 4.8 % of the working age population (15+ years) in Curaao was available to supply labour (labour force participation rate), while in 2015 this figure was 55.7% In terms of age, the in crease in the labour force was ( with the exception o f the age group 35 44 years) visible in all age groups. The largest percentage increase in the labour force took pla ce in the age group 15 24 years and t his increase was mainly due to an increa se in the employed population in this age group Nevertheless the youth (15 24 years) continues to have the highest unemployment rate in 2014 and 2015 (youth unemployment rate), being 33.2% and 29.7% respectively. On the other hand, it should be mentioned that this age group showed also the largest percentage decrease in the unemployment rate between 2014 a nd 2015. Of the employed population, in 2014 and in 2015, t he majority worked as employee s in permanent service, 62.5% and 62.1% respectively The most repo raft and related trades ( 19.7% in 2014 and 18.7% in 2015) and among women ( 23.9% in 2014 and 23.9% in 2015 ) The majority of employed persons worked in the sectors : holesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles ; uman health and social work act ccommodation Of the unemployed population, the majority of the persons who were actively looking f or a job in 2014 and in 2015 have been unemployed between 1 and 12 months, 43.8 % and 50.2% respectively. But a high proportion has also been unemployed for a year or longer, 38.5% in 2014 and 44.5% in 2015.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 10 The economically not active population consist ed ma inly of pensioners ( 47.0% in 2014 and 47.5% in 2015) and students ( 25.2 % in 2014 and 23.8 % in 2015) who want ed to finish school before moving into the labour market

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 11 Resmen Entre ktober 2014 pa ktober 2015, e poblashon di K rsou a krese ku alrededor di 2.000 persona. For di e resultadonan di e Enkuesta di Forsa Laboral 2014 i 2015 a sali na kla ku e kresementu aki ta relashon ku e poblashon aktivo. E poblashon aktivo ta enser personanan (no insti tutionalis ) di 15 aa of mas ku tin trabou ( ta emple ) f personanan (no institutionalis) di 15 aa of mas ku no tin t rabou pero ku ta buskando trabou aktivamente ( ta desemple) Den 2014, e poblashon aktivo na Krsou tabata konsist di 67.850 perso na i a krese ku 2.171 persona yega ndo asina un kantidat di 70.021 persona den 2015. Esaki ta un kresementu di 3, 2% E poblashon ku tin trabou a krese di 59.295 persona den 2014 pa 61.823 persona den 2015, mi ntras e poblashon desemple a baha di 8.555 persona den 2014 pa 8.198 persona den 2015. Konsekuentemente, e porsentahe di desempleo a baha levemente di 12,6% den 2014 pa 11,7% den 2015. Tantu e kresementu di e poblashon aktivo, komo e bahada di e porsentahe di desempl eo tabata notabel serka mbos sekso. Den 2014 54,8% di e poblashon aktivo (15+ aa) na K rsou tabata disponibel pa ehers labor (partisipashon riba merkado laboral ), mintras e sifra aki tabata 55, 7% den 2015. Pa loke ta trata edat e kresementu di e poblashon aktivo tabata notabel den tur grupo di edat ku eksepshon di e grupo di 35 44 aa. E kresementu porsentual di mas grandi a tuma luga den e grupo di 15 24 aa i es aki tabata prinsipalmente atribu na un kresementu di personanan ku tin trabou den e grupo di edat ak. No opstante esaki, hbennan (15 24 aa) ta keda ku e porsentahe di desempleo di mas h altu den nos komunidat (desempleo hubenil) den 2014 i 2015, kual ta 33,2% i 29,7% respektivamente. Sin embargo tin ku meshon ku e bahada di e porsentahe di desempleo entre 2014 pa 2015 tabata mas grandi bou di e hbennan. Di e poblashon ku tabata tin un empleo den 2 014 i 2015, e gran mayoria tabata emple komo empleado ku un kntrakt fiho, 62,5% i 62,1% respektivamente. E profeshon raport mas tantu dor di hende h mber tabata Hende di fishi 19,7% den 2014 i 18,7% den 2015) i dor di hende muher Personal di servisio i bended ( 23,9% den 2014 i 23,9% den 2015). G ran parti di e personanan ku ta labor tabata traha den e sektornan: Komrsio por mayor i komrsio por detal ; reparashon di outo i motersaikel Salubridat humano i servisionan sosial Suministrashon di akomodashon i kuminda Di e poblashon ku ta bata desemple den 2014 i 2015, un gran parti di e personanan ku ta bata buskando trabou tabata entre 1 pa 12 luna sin trabou, 43,8% i 50,2% respectivamente. Sin embargo, un por sentahe haltu tambe ta bata desemple pa 1 aa of mas 38,5% den 2014 i 44.5% den 2015.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 12 E poblashon ku ta bata ekonmikamente no aktivo tabata konsist prinsipalmente di penshonadonan ( 47 0% den 2014 i 47, 5% den 2015) i studiantenan ( 25,2 % den 2014 i 23,8 % den 2015) ku t a dese na termin nan estudio prom ku drenta e merkado laboral.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 13 Samenvatting De bevolking van Curaao van 15 jaar en ouder is tussen oktober 2014 en oktober 2015 met ongeveer 2.000 personen gestegen. Uit de resultaten van het Arbeidskrachtenonderzoek (AKO) 2014 en 2015 blijkt dat deze toename betrekking heeft op de beroepsbevolking. De beroepsbevolking omv at de (niet genstitutionaliseerd e ) werkenden en werklozen van 15 jaar en ouder. De beroepsbevolking van Curaao bestond uit 67.850 personen in 2014 en steeg met 2.171 personen, tot een niveau van 70.021 personen in 2015. Dit is een stijging van 3,2% D e totale werkende bevolking steeg van 59.295 personen in 2014 naar 61.823 personen in 2015, terwijl de totale werkloze bevolk ing nam af van 8.555 personen in 2014 naar 8.198 personen in 2015. Dientengevolge is het werkloosheidspercentage licht gedaald van 12 ,6% in 2014 naar 11,7% in 2015. Zowel de toename in de beroepsbevolking als de afname in het werkloosheidspercentag e was zichtbaar in beide geslachten. In 2014 was 54,8% van de beroeps g eschikte bevolking (15+ jaar) in Curaao beschikbaar om arbeid te leveren (arbeidsparticipatie) terwijl dit cijfer 55, 7% was in 2015. D e stijging van de beroepsbevolking was in t ermen van leeftij d, met uitzondering van de leeftijdsgroep 35 44 jaar zichtbaar in alle leeftijdsgroepen. De grootste procentuele stijging vond plaats in de leeftijdsgroep 15 24 jaar en deze stijging was voornamelijk te wijten aan een toename van de werkende bevolking in deze leeftijdsgroep. Desondanks blijven de jongeren ( 15 24 jaar) het hoogste werkloosheidpercentage (jeugd werkloosheid) hebben in 2014 en 2015, 33,2% en 29,7% respectievelijk. Echter dient te worden opgemerkt d at deze leeftijdsgroep ook de grootste procentuele daling in het werkloosheidspercentage tussen 2014 en 2015 kende Van de werkende bevolking, in 2014 en 2015, werkte de meeste n als werknemer in vaste dienst, 62,5% en 62,1% respectievelijk. Het meest gerapporteerde b eroep onder A ( 19,7% in 2014 en 18,7% in 2015) en onder vrouwen D ( 23,9% in 2014 en 23,9% in 2015). De meerderheid van de werknemers werkten in de sectoren Groothandel en d etailhandel; reparatie van auto's en motorfietsen M enselijke gezondheidszorg en maatschappelijk e V Van de werkloze bevolking is de meerderheid van de personen die in 2014 en 2015, actief op zoek waren naar een baan werkloos geweest tussen 1 en 12 maanden, 43,8% en 50,2% respectievelijk. Echter, een hoog percentage is ook werkloos voor n jaar of langer, 38,5% in 2014 en 44, 5% in 2015.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 14 De economisch niet actieve bevolking bestond voornamelijk uit gepensioneerden ( 47, 0% in 2014 en 47, 5% in 2015) en studenten ( 25,2 % in 2014 en 23,8 % in 2015) die hun studie wilden afmaken alvorens de arbeidsmarkt te betreden

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 15 Table of C ontents Preface ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 3 Acknowledgements ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 5 Abbreviations ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................. 7 Summary ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .......................... 9 Res men ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........................ 11 Samenvatting ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................. 13 Table of co ntents ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........... 15 List of figures and tables ................................ ................................ ................................ .............................. 17 1. Introduction ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 19 2. Methodology ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............. 21 2.1 S tudy design and study population ................................ ................................ .............................. 21 2.2 Questionnaire ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 22 2. 3 Data collection and data management ................................ ................................ ......................... 2 3 2. 4 Data analysis ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .... 2 4 2. 5 Definitions ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 25 3. Results ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ........................ 27 3.1 L abour force ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ..... 27 3.2 Employed population ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 3 5 3.2.1. Highest l evel of education and willingness to complete an education ....................... 3 6 3.2.2 Economic position ................................ ................................ ................................ ............... 37 3.2.3 Sector and occupation ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 39 3.2.4 Hours worked ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 4 0 3.2.5 L ooking for more work and second work ................................ ................................ ........ 4 1 3.3 Unemployed population ................................ ................................ ................................ ................ 42 3.3.1 Highest l evel of education and willingness to comp lete an education ........................ 43 3.3. 2 Duration of unemployment ................................ ................................ ................................ 43 3.3.3 Methods of looking for work ................................ ................................ ............................. 4 4 3.3.4 Youth unemployment ................................ ................................ ................................ ......... 45 3. 4 Economically not active population ................................ ................................ .............................. 47 3.4.1 Highest l evel of education ................................ ................................ ................................ .. 47 3.4.2 Reason s for economically not active ................................ ................................ ................. 4 8 References ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ...................... 49 Appendices ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .................... 5 1 Appendix 1 Classifications in the LFS ................................ ................................ ................................ 52 Appendix 2 Table age group 55+ years ................................ ................................ .............................. 54 Appendix 3 Population of Curaao 2014 2015 ................................ ................................ ................ 55

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 17 List of Figures and Tables Figures Figure 1. Classification of persons ( as employed, unemployed, or economically not active) in the LFS ........... 26 Figure 2. Development of the labour force participation rate in Curaao, 1992 2015 ................................ ........ 30 Figure 3. Development of the employed population of Curaao, 1992 2015 ................................ ....................... 35 Figure 4. Development of the unemployment rate in Curaao, 1992 2015 ................................ .......................... 42 Tables Table 1 Subjects in the Labour Force Survey questionnaire ................................ ................................ .................... 22 Table 2. Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 ................................ ................................ 27 Table 2A Labour force of Curaao, September Oc tober 2014 and 2015, by sex : men ................................ ........ 28 Table 2B Labour force of Curaao, September Oc tober 2014 and 2015, by sex: women ................................ ... 28 Table 2C Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group : 15 24 years ............. 31 Table 2D Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 25 34 years ............. 31 Table 2E Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 35 44 years ............. 31 Table 2F Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 45 54 years .............. 31 Table 2G Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 55 64 years ............. 31 Table 2H Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 65+ years ................... 31 Table 3 H ighest level of education of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 .................. 36 Table 4 Economic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 ................................ 37 Table 4 A Economic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 by sex: men ...... 37 Table 4 B Economic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 by sex: women 37 Table 5 Economic activity of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 ................................ 39 Table 6 Occupation of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex ............................... 40 T able 7 T otal hours worked by employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex ................ 40 Table 8 H ighest level of education of un employed population, Se ptember October 2014 and 2015 .............. 43 Table 9 D uration of unemployment September October 2014 and 2015, by sex ................................ .............. 44 Table 10 Met hods of looking for work by unemployed population September October 2014 and 2015 by sex ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ............ 44 Table 11 Hi ghest level of education of economically not active population, September October 2014 and 2015 ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ .......... 47 Table 12 Reasons for not looking for work by economically not active population September October 2014 a nd 2015, by sex ................................ ................................ ................................ ................................ ..................... 48 Table 13 Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015, by age group: 55+ years .................... 54 Table 14 Population of Curaao, 2014 and 2015 ................................ ................................ ................................ ........ 5 5

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 19 1. Introduction A labour market is the structure that allocates la bour to its most productive use and functions through the interaction of those who supply labo ur services (workers) and those who demand labo u r services ( employers). Labour markets provide the structure through which workers and employers interact about jobs, working conditions and pay (Eurostat, 2015) Other actors influencing labour market outcomes are the institutions and processes of collective and trade unions (Eurofound, 2015) Statistics on the labour market are critical to understa nd the labour market whether one applies the microeconomic ( economic s at an individual, group or company level ) or macroeconom ic (national economy) approach. Labour statistics also known as labour market information involves the systematic collection and analysis of data that describes the demand and supply of labour Without labour mark et information it is impossible for a country to understand the dynamics of its labour marke t. Since 1987, t he Centra l Bureau of Statistics (CBS) of Curaao formerly the CBS of the Netherlands Antilles 1 has been conducting Labour Force S urvey s ( LFS, in Dutch: Arb eidskrachteno nderzoek, AKO ) to monitor the most important developments on the supply side of the labo u r market in Curaao on a regular basis 2 (Lake, 2013) The most recent survey that measured the d emand side of the labour market in Curaao is the 2014 Business Census ( Ministry of Economic Development, 2015) T his report presents the results of the 2014 and 2015 LFS. Information provided by the LFS makes it possible to produce statistics on the economically active population also known as the labour force The economically active population includes both the employed and unemployed population. From an economic point of view, one of the main objective s of collecting data on the economically activ e population is to provide basic information on the size and structure of a labour force. Data collected at different points in time provide a basis for monitoring current trends and changes in the (un) employment situation. In addition to the econ omically active population, the LFS also provide s statistics on the economically not active population for example pensioners. In 1999, the International Labour Organization (ILO) introduced a series of indicators, namely the Key I ndicators of the Labour Market (KILM ), to measure the most important statistics of the labo u r market as well as to make international comparisons possible ( International Labour Organization, 2015) These 1 Curaao was, together with Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarten, part of the Netherlands Antilles until the country's dissolution on October 10, 2010, when Curaao became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Until 2010, the CBS of the Netherlands Antilles conducted labour statistics for the five islands. 2 In the years 2010 and 2012 there has been no LFS due to preparation for the Censu s 2011 and budget constraints, respectively.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 20 indicators are regularly revised and, if necessary, updated in the li ght of the latest labour market developments Moreover they are encouraged to be the most important labour market indicators on which national policies should be targeted. Some of these international indicators w ere already being collected in the LFS in Cura ao since 1987 whereas others have been included and s ome have been adapted to meet the local labour market situation. For instance the definition of work that at least one hour of work per week as an indicator has been adapted to f our hours per week as short term seasonal work is much less frequent in Curaao. Alongside the KILM consultations with local stakeholders take place repeatedly in order to get more insight into current developments on the local labour market The following stakeholders are consulted : the Ministry of Social Developme nt, Labour and Welfare (SOAW); the Ministry of Education, Sci ence, Culture and Sport (OWCS); the Ministry of Economic Development (MEO); the Central Bank of Curaao and St. Maarten (CBCS); the Curaao Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KvK); the Curaao Trade Industry and Association (VBC); the Kenniscentrum Beroepsonderwijs Bedrijfsleven (KBB); and the t rade unions: Sentral di Sindikato nan di Krsou (SSK) and Sentral Gener al di Trahadornan di Krsou (CGTC). One of the most important labour market indicators is the unemployment rate The unemployment rate reflects the percentage of the labour force that does not have a job, but is actively looking for one and is available to start working. The unemployment rate is widely used in particular as an overall indicator of the (Hussmanns, 2007) Other important indicators are the labour force participation rate, the employment to population ratio, and the level of education and profession of the employed population. The labour force participation rate is the percentage of the population that actively engages in the labour market, by either working or looking for work, while t he employment to population age population that is employed. All the aforementioned indicators together with other s described in this report give a general overview of the supply side o f the labour market in Curaao.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 21 2. Methodology 2.1 Study design and study population The LFS is a sampl e survey held among households in Curaao For determination of an appropriate sample size, research on the sample estimates and variances were made. This was done by taking into account the last available LFS unemployment rate an 1 .5% one side d margin of error and a non response rate of 20.0%. T he sampling frame for the LFS was taken from the population registry database of the Registry Office ( ) and encompasses all inhabited unique addresses ( N= 48, 569 in 2015 ). T he sample s of 2014 and 2015 were selected using a simple random sampling design with out replacement By u sing this procedure each household in the registry had a known and equal probability of selection to participate in the s urvey A total of N = 2,650 households were selected to participate in the 2014 LFS. In 2015, N = 2 600 households were selected to participate which is a pproximately 5% of all households in Curaao Na tional media ( including newspaper, radio, and television) were used to inform the community of the upcoming survey. Furthermore, t o ensure that the selected households would be fully informed, a letter was sent to them conta ining background information of the survey and request for cooperation and participation. During the fieldwork of the study in 2014, a random walk procedure was used to cope with unforeseen non response A total of N = 2,363 househol ds participated in the 2014 LFS. I n the 2015 LFS during the fieldwork, a total of 100 additional households were included to cope with non response. These households were selected using the same sam pling design as described above. Out of the 2,600 + 100 = 2, 700 selected households, N = 2, 127 households participated in the 2015 LFS representing a response rate of 78.8%. Of the households that did not participate (non response): 32.1% involved uninhabited addressed or households that could not be located 25.5% refused to participate, at 24.1 % of the addresses there was nobody at home on three or more separate occasions and 18.3% did no t participate for other reasons The study population of the LFS included non institutionalized men and wome n residing for three mont h s or more in Curaao or planning to stay for three months or longer on the i sland. By defining the study population in this manner, tourists and persons with short stay s (e.g. attending short term training activities) who do not contribute to the labour market were not included T he LFS makes statements about the population aged 15 years and older (also known as the working population).

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 22 2.2 Questionnaire A s tandardized questionnaire mostly with multiple answer options, is used to collect the data during the LFS The questionnaire s used in 2014 and 2015 were very similar and were available in the four languages : Papiamentu; Dutch; English; and Spanish. Since the LFS is an anonymous survey no personal identifiers w ere asked on the questionnaires this in order t o maintain the anonymity of the respondents. T he subjects included in the questionnaire s are listed in Table 1. Table 1 Subjects in the Labour Force Survey questionnaire Subjects Description 1. Demographics Gender Age Country of birth N ationality 2. Education H ighest education obtained Willingness to complete an education 3. Labour market Hist ory of work in the past 12 months Current job or own company /business 4. Persons with work E conomic position in current work Economic activity of company /business Occupation in current work Average w orking hours per week 5. Persons looking for work Amount of time looking for work Reason for looking for work Methods of looking for work Reasons why it is difficult to find work Desired type of work Reservation wage 1 Desired working hours per week Willingness to accept other type of work 6. E conomically not active persons Reason for not working or looking for a job 7. Income Amount of h ighest income last month Source of highest income Amount of second highest income last month Source of second highest income 8. History Economic position on labour market one year before survey 2 1 Only available in the questionnaire of 2014 2 O nly available in the questionnaire of 2015

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 23 2. 3 D ata collection and data management The Fieldwork department carried out the fieldwork for the study Generally, data collection for the LFS takes place in the months of September and October. However, due to logistic constraints and medical conditions ( o utbreak of the Chikungunya virus ) d ata collecti on in 2014 took place from October 10 t o December 1 In 2015, data collection took place in the period of Septemb er 4 October 30 Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) was used to collect the data in both years CAPI refers to survey data collection by a survey admin istrator (interviewer) using a computer (tablet) to administer the questio nnaire to the respondent s and to captur e the answers (Baker, Bradburn, & Johnson, 1995) In both years, a total of 38 experienced interviewers were trained in the methodology of the study and the use of tablets to assur e consistency in the data collection. Within the selected households basic demographic information was colle cted on all household members, while labour force information was additionally collected for househ old members aged 15 years and older The i nterviewers were requested to introduce themselves and to explai n the goal of the survey to the respon dents prior to data collection. The interviewers were instructed t o personally interview every person aged 15 years or older in each sampled household. How ever if a household member was unavaila ble for interview, the interviewers would accept information given by a proxy P roxy respo ndents are normally either people living with a partner and who res pond on their behalf of their partner or parents who respond on behalf of their offspring who live with them, but who at the time are at school/ university or working for example If the proxy respondent did not know the answer to a que stion, the interviewer could make an appointment to collect the missing information. In 2015, i f a member within a participating household refused to participate the interviewer would try to collect information on the age, sex and the economic position of the person who refused. The computer program s ClassApps version 4.124.000 (in 2014) and Census and Survey Processing System (CSPro ) version 6.1 (in 2015) were use d for data entry by means of tablets (ClassApps, 2015) ( U.S. Census Bureau, 2015) In both years, DELL Venue 8 Pro tablets were used and the digital questionnaire was created based on the paper version of the questionnaire and the corresponding codebook. The use of tablets incorporated many features that serve d to maximize the quality of the data collected. For instance, t here were many edits built into the CSPro program to compare the entered data against unusual values, as well as to check for inconsistencies. Whenever an entry failed, due to unusual values for example, the interviewer had the possibility to correct the information. If for any reason this was not possible, the interviewer had the option to save the partially filled questionnaire in or der to continue at another time. In addition in both

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 24 years, the IT helpdesk could be contacted during the fieldwork to solve any problem regarding the use of tablet s. In 2014, each interviewer visited a median of 73 households (inter quartile range (IQR) 59 78). In 2015, t his figure was 69 households (IQR 62 83). The interviewers visited the department of F ieldwork weekly to discuss their progress with t he fieldwork coordinator and to deliver the collected data. The delivered data were c hecked and when necessary corrected by the IT specialist To further verify the data delivered an independent control procedure was performed in both years Approximately 10% of the participating households were telephoned and asked whether the collected information was in accordance with the information provided In both years, n o discrepancies were found in this verification procedure. In 2014, t he individual data sets of the interviewers were merged into two datasets after the fieldwork period of the study and the data coding process had started. In 2015, d uring the data collection process t he individual data sets of the interviewers were already m er ged into two datasets and data coding was started. A nswers regarding education, industry (sector) and occupation were coded by two train ed coders using intern ational classification systems, while taking into account the local situation. The International Standard Class ification of Education (ISCED 1997 ) the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC rev. 4) and the International Standard Classification of O ccupation (ISCO 2008 ) were used ( Appendix 1) A fter data coding the two datasets of each year were merged into two final dataset s 2 4 Data analysi s The final dataset s were sent to the project leader for data cleaning, data analysi s and to prepare t his report. In general, the LFS makes statements about the entire non institutionalized population of Curaao aged 15 years and olde r Therefore, the LFS results were weighted to present absolute figures for this population Post stratification weighting procedures were applied by the methodologist using CBS population estimates based on the 2011 Cen sus and the population registry database of the Registry Office Nevertheless, as the LFS is a sample survey, the absolute numbers for the total population must be seen as estimates that can be subject to sampling errors. All analyse s were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 and R version 3.2.1 The data analyse s included descriptive and bivariate analyses Descriptive results included means, medi ans and proportions. I nter quartile ranges (IQR) were calculated for medians to indicate the precision of these estimate s Descriptive results focused on the distribution of individual variable s Variables of interest were dis aggregated by sex (men and women ) and age group ( 15 2 4 ye ars, 2 5 34 years, 35 44

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 25 years 45 54 years, 55 64 years, and 65+ years ). To maintain consi stency with historic al results of the LFS, the variable age group was also categorized as follow: 15 24 years, 2 5 34 years, 35 44 years 45 54 years, and 55+ years. The t able regarding the age group 55+ years is presented in Appendix 2 Bivariate analyses square on the unweighted data. A p value of <0.05 was consider ed to be statistically significant. 2. 5 Definitions The def initions used in the LFS are based on the KILM and by taking into account the local labour market situation Accordi ngly, individuals of 15 years and older were classified in one of the three categories of the labour market (labour status) : employed unemployed, or economically not active. The definitions are given below. Employed A ll persons of 15 years and older who during the research period: a. had a job or have their own business ; or b. who during the week preceding the research period perform ed any work for pay in cash or in kind for 4 hours or more. Unemployed A ll persons of 15 years and older who during the research period: a. did not have a job or a business of their own; and b. ha d actively been seeking work in the preceding month of the research period ; and c. who were available to start working or start a business within two weeks. Economically not a ctive A ll persons of 15 years and older who during the research period: a. did not have a job or own a business ; and b. were not actively seeking work. Labour force The total number of p ersons who are employed added to the total number of persons who are unemployed. Unemployment rate The number of unemployed persons as a percentage of the labour force.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 26 Youth unemployment rate The unemployment rate in the age category of 15 24 years. P articipation rate The number of persons in the labour force as a percentage of the total population. Labour Force p articipation rate The number of persons in the labour force as a percentage of the working age population. Figure 1 gives a schematic overview of the three labour statuses (employed, unemployed and economically not active) and the route to be classified into one of them. Figure 1 Classification of persons ( as employed, unemployed, or economically not active) in the LFS

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 27 3. Results 3.1 Labour force T he labour force encompasses the employed and the unemployed (non institutionalized) population aged 15 years and older In 2014, the labour force of Curaao consisted of 67,850 persons and in 2015 of 70,021 persons (Table 2). Hence the labour force increased by 2,171 persons in 2015 in comparison to 2014, which is an increase of 3.2%. Worth mentioning is also the increase of 1,969 persons in the population of Curaao aged 15 years and older in 2015 in comparison to 2014. Table 2 Lab our force of Curaao, September October 2 014 and 2015 Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employ ed population 59, 295 61, 823 2,528 4.3 2. Unemployed population 8, 555 8, 198 357 4.2 3. Labour force 67, 850 70, 021 2,171 3.2 4. Economically not active population 55, 871 55, 670 201 0.4 5a Populatio n 0 14 years 29,513 29, 612 99 0.3 5b Population 15 + years 123,721 125 690 1,969 1.6 6. Total population 153,234 155, 302 2,068 1.3 7. P articipation rate (%) 44.3 45.1 0.8* 8. Labour force p articipation rate ( %) 54.8 55.7 0.9* 9. Unemployment rate (%) 12.6 11.7 0.9* 10. Employment/total population (%) 38.7 39.8 1.1* 11. Employment / population 15+ (%) 47.9 49.2 1.3* P ercentage point s Another key indicator of the labour market is the labour force participation rate The labour force participation rate relates the labour force to the working age population. The working age population is the population above the legal working age of a country ( International Labour Organization, 2015) The legal working age in Curaao is 15 years ( Boek 7A Burgerlijk Wetboek ) ( Centraal Wettenregister, 2013) The labour force participation rate provides an indication of the size of the (potential) supply of labour available to engage in the production of goods and services, relative to the population available for work.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 28 In 2014, 5 4.8 % of the working age po pulation in Curaao was available to supply labour. This figure showed a slight increase of 0.9 percentage points in 2015, reaching 55.7% Thus, in 2015 a higher percentage was economically active than in 2014. The increase in the labour force participation rate was mainly due to a growth of the employed population. In 2015, t he unemployed population decreased slightly in comparison to 2014. In terms of employment, 47.9% of the working age population was employed in 2014 and this share increased to 49.2% in 2015. employment to populatio n ratio indicator and reflect the proportion of a age population that is employed. T he unemployment rate in Curaao was 12.6% in 2014 and decreased slightly in 2015, to 11.7% The unemployment rate is the percentage of the labour force that does not have a job but is available to start working and is actively looking for work. This indicator reflects the lack of employment. The unemployment rate, together with the employment to population ratio, provides essential information about the situation on the supply side of labour market Table s 2 A and 2B give an overview of t he following indicators disaggregated by sex: labour force, labour force participation rate, unemployment rate, and employment to population ratio Table 2A Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by sex : me n Me n Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 201 5 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 28,623 29,846 1,223 4.3 2. Unemployed population 3,658 3,507 151 4.1 3. Labour force 32,281 33,353 1,072 3.3 4. Economically not active population 22,112 22,004 108 0.5 5a. Population 0 14 years 15,116 15,108 8 0.05 5b. Population 15 + years 54,393 55,357 964 1.8 6. Total population 69,509 70,465 956 1.4 7. Participation rate (%) 46.4 47.3 0.9* 8. Labour force p articipation rate (%) 59.3 60.3 1.0* 9. Unemployment rate (%) 11.3 10.5 0.8* 10. Employment/total population (%) 41.2 42.4 1.2* 11. Employment /total population 15+ (%) 52.6 53.9 1.3* P ercentage points

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 29 Table 2B Labour fo rce of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by sex: women Women Sept. Oct. 201 4 Sept. Oct. 201 5 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 30,672 31,976 1,304 4.3 2. Unemployed population 4,897 4,691 206 4.2 3. Labour force 35,569 36,667 1,098 3.1 4. Economically not active population 33,759 33,666 93 0.3 5a. Population 0 14 years 14,397 14,504 107 0.7 5b. Population 15 + years 69,328 70,333 1,005 1.4 6. Total population 83,725 84,837 1,112 1.3 7. Participation rate (%) 42.5 43.2 0.7* 8. Labour force participation rate (%) 51.3 52.1 0.8* 9. Unemployment rate (%) 13.8 12.8 1.0* 10. Employment/total population (%) 36.6 37.7 1.1* 11. Employment /total population 15+ (%) 44.2 45.5 1.3* Percentage points As previously mentioned, in 2015 the labour force increased in comparison to 2014. This increment w as visible in both sexes and t he mutation of the increment was fairly equal for men and women, being 3.3% and 3.1% respectively (Table 2A and 2B ) The slight decrease in the unemployment rate in 2015 in comparison to 2014 was also noticeable in both sexes The unemployment rate in men decreased from 11.3% in 2014 to 10.5% in 2015, while for women, these figures were 13.8% and 12.8% respectively. Thus, women continued having higher unemployment rates than men in both years. On the other hand t he labour force participation rate is lower among women than among men This means that relative ly fewer women take part in the labour force. The employment to population ratio indicator points to this gender difference as well The proportion of women in the working age that are employed in Curaao is lower than the proportion of men in the working age that are employed on the island This was the case in both years In absolute figures however, the labour force in women is larger Because t he labour force survey has been conducted in Curaao since 1987 it is of particular interest to look at the development of the labour force participation rate over the years. Figure 2 gives an overview of the labour force participation rate for Curaao over the 1992 2015 period

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 30 Percentage Figure 2 Development of the labour force part icipation rate in Curaao, 1992 2015 Overall, t he patterns of the labour force participation rate for men and women separately are quite similar to the patter n of the total labour force participation rate. Between 1992 and 2001 the labour force participation rate of men declined, while that of women increased. In the 2001 2003 period the labour force participation rate of both men and women increased. However, as of 2003 the trend s tabilized among men as well as women, while showing variations from year to year. T he highest labour force particip ation rate in the last 10 years was in 2013, being 59.9 %. All the aforementioned labour market indicators are disaggregated by sex. But, b esides disaggregation by sex, disaggregation by age group is also important For example, it is useful to identify groups of workers that are most vulnerable to unemployment. T able s 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, 2G, and 2H present an overview of the indicators labour force, labour force participation rate, unemployment rate, and employment to population ratio for the following age groups: 15 24 years, 2 5 34 years, 35 44 years 45 54 y ears, 55 64 year s, and 65+ years. This categorization in age group differs from the age group categorization used until 2013 in the Curaao LFS This change is mainly because of the latest developments with regard to the age of retirement in Curaao S ince March 1, 2013, the r etirement age in Curaao was raised from 60 to 65 years in the General 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2013 2014 2015 Total Male Female Year Labour force participation rate

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 31 Retirement Insurance Ordinance ( van de 28ste februari 2013 tot wijziging van de Landsverordenin g Algemene Ouderdomsverzekering en de Landsv erordening Algemene Weduwen en wezenverzeker ing PB ) Furthermore, the retirement age of government employees was also raised from 60 years to 65 years van de 28ste dec ember 2015 tot wijziging van de Pensioenlandsverordenin g overheidsdienaren tot wi jziging van de Landsverordening leeftijdsgrens ambtenaren alsmede tot intrekki ng van de Duurtetoeslagregeling Therefore, creating the 55 64 years and 65+ years categories provide s a more extensive overview of the current labo u r market situation in Curaao Nevertheless t o maintain consistency with histor ical data of the LFS in Curaao the 55+ years category is presented in Appendix 2 Table 2C Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group : 15 24 years 15 24 years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 3,181 3,880 699 22.0 2. Unemployed population 1,578 1,641 63 4.0 3. Labour force 4,759 5,521 762 16.0 4. Economically not active population 14,290 13,698 592 4.1 5 Population 15 2 4 years 19,049 19,219 170 0.9 6 P articipation rate (%) 25.0 28.7 3.7* 7 Youth u nemployment rate ( %) 1 33.2 29.7 3.5* 8 Employment /population 15 24 years (%) 16.7 20.2 3.5* 9. Youth une mployment /total unemployment 1 2.6 2.5 0.1* P ercentage points 1 See paragraph 3.3.4 for more information on youth unemployment.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 32 Table 2D Labour force of Curaao September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 25 34 years 25 34 years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 12,166 13,082 916 7.5 2. Unemployed population 2,215 2,095 120 5.4 3. Labour force 14,381 15,177 796 5.5 4. Economically not active population 2,468 2,369 99 4.0 5 Population 25 3 4 years 16,849 17,546 697 4.1 6 P articipation rate (%) 85.4 86.5 1.1* 7 Unemployment rate (%) 15.4 13.8 1.6* 8 Employment /population 25 34 years (%) 72.2 74.6 2.4* P ercentage points Table 2E Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 35 44 years 35 44 years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 14,966 14,636 330 2.2 2. Unemployed population 2,260 1,619 641 28.4 3. Labour force 17,226 16,255 971 5.6 4. Economically not active population 2,513 3,336 823 32.7 5. Population 35 44 years 19,739 19,592 147 0.7 6. P articipation rate (%) 87.3 83.0 4.3* 7. Unemployment rate (%) 13.1 10.0 3.1* 8. Employment /population 35 44 years (%) 75.8 74.7 1.1* Percentage points

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 33 Table 2F Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 45 54 years 45 54 years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 17,618 17,938 320 1.8 2. Unemployed population 1,718 1,931 213 12.4 3. Labour force 19,336 19,869 533 2.8 4. Economically not active population 5,088 4,447 641 12.6 5. Population 45 54 years 24,424 24,316 108 0.4 6. P articipation rate (%) 79.2 81.7 2.5* 7. Unemployment rate (%) 8.9 9.7 0.8* 8. Employment /population 45 54 years (%) 72.1 73.8 1.7* P ercentage points Table 2G Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 55 64 years 55 64 years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 9,630 10,507 877 9.1 2. Unemployed population 744 760 16 2.2 3. Labour force 10,374 11,267 893 8.6 4. Economically not active population 10,522 10,220 302 2.9 5. Population 55 64 years 20,896 21,487 591 2.8 6. P articipation rate (%) 49.6 52.4 2.8* 7. Unemployment rate (%) 7.2 6.7 0.5* 8. Employment /population 55 64 years (%) 46.1 48.9 2.8* Percentage points

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 34 Table 2H Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 65+ years 65+ years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 1,734 1,780 46 2.7 2. Unemployed population ** 39 152 113 >100 3. Labour force 1,773 1,932 159 9.0 4. Economically not active population 20,991 21,598 607 2.9 5. Population 65+ years 22,764 23,530 766 3.4 6. P articipation rate (%) 7.8 8.2 0.4* 7. Unemployment rate (%) ** 2.2 7.9 5.7* 8. Employment /population 65+ years (%) 8.3 7.6 0.7* P ercentage points ** Caution should be taken when interpreting these result s, as the numbers are low. This is due to the fact that this is the first time this age category is presented as a result of changing policies on the age of retirement in Curaao. The increase in the labour force and the participation rate in 2015 in comparison to 2014 were with the exception of the age group 35 44 years, visible in all age groups. The largest percentage increase in the labour force took place in the age group 15 24 years. The labour force in this age group consisted of 4,759 persons in 2014 and increased to 5,521 p ersons in 2015, a growth of 16.0% (Table 2C) This increase was mainly due to an increase in the employed population. However, e ven though the largest percentage increase in the labour force was in the age group 15 24 years; the youth (15 2 4 years) continued having the highest unemployment rate in 2014 and 2015 (youth unemployment rate), being 33.2% and 29.7% respectively. On the other hand it should be mentioned that this age group also showed the largest decrease in the unemployment rate b etween 2014 and 2015. The unemployment rate decreased in the following age groups as well : 25 34 years, 35 44 years, and 55 64 years. The highest participation rate in 2014 ( 87.3% ) was in the age group 35 44 years (Table 2 E) In 2015, the highest participati on rate ( 86.5% ) was in the age group 25 34 years (Table 2D) However, t he largest increase in the participation rate in 2015 in comparison to 2014 took place in the age group 15 24 years. The participation rate in this group increase d from 25.0% in 2014, to 28.7% in 20 15.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 35 3.2 Employed population In 2014, t he size of the employed population was 59,295 persons and increased to 61,823 persons in 2015, an increase of 4.3%. Figure 3 gives an overview of the development of the employed population in Curaao over the 1992 2015 period The total employed population increased between 1992 and 1997, decreased between 1997 and 2001, and increased again in the 2001 2013 period However, there was a slight decrease in the total employed population figure in 2014 whereas an increase was seen again in 2015. When looking at the employed population of both sexes, different development patterns were seen. With the exception of the 1996 1997 p eriod, t he employed men population showed a pattern fairly similar to that of the total employed population. For the employed women population however, the pattern is differen t. From 1992 to 2011, t he number of employed women increased almost every year From 2011 to 2014, the number of employed women showed a slight decrease, while in 2015 an increase was once again seen The increase in the employed population in the 2001 2011 period has been stronger among women than among men. In fact, from 2004 onwards there are more working women than men. Figure 3 Development of the employed population of Curaao, 1992 2 015 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2013 2014 2015 Total Men Women Employed population Year Absolute number

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 36 The rest of this paragraph de scribe different characteristics of the employed population: their level of education, economic position, occupation, the sector in which employees and employers are working, and the amount of hours worked are presented. Furthermore, an overview of the employed p ersons who say they have a second job or are looking for one is given. 3.2.1 Highest l evel of education and willingness to complete an education Table 3 shows the percentage s of the highest level of education of the employed population of Curaao in 2014 and 2015. T he majority of the employed population in 2014 had the 1 st stage of the second level as their highest level of education ( 32.6% ) and in 2015 they had the 2 nd stage of the second level as their highest level of education ( 32.1% ) The 1 st stage of the second level of education included VSBO HAVO years 1+2, and VWO years 1+2 or any equivalent education, w hile the 2 nd stage of the second level of education included HAVO years 3+4+5, VWO years See A ppendix 1 for an overview of the way the educational system is classified In general, there were no main difference s in the highest attended level of education among men and women in none of the two years T he most common highest level of education among men in both years was the 1 st stage o f the second level, while for women the highest attended level of education was the 2 nd stage of the second level. Nevertheless, the differences were minimal. Table 3 H ighest level of education of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Me n (%) Wome n (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N= 28,623 N= 29,846 N= 30,672 N= 31,976 N=59,295 N=61,823 Current day time education 1 1.8 3.0 2.6 3.0 2.2 3.0 No education -1.5 -1.4 -1.4 Elementary 1 5.7 5.8 5.9 4.9 5.8 5.3 Second level, first stage 1 35.3 32.8 30.1 29.8 32.6 31.3 Second level, second stage 1 29.6 32.5 34.1 31.8 31.9 32.1 Third level 1 24.7 22.3 25.0 27.4 24.8 25.0 Unknown/not reported -2.0 -1.7 -1.9 1 Current day time education = currently attending a day time education Second level, first st age = VSBO, HAVO years 1+2, VWO years 1+2 or equivalent Second level, second stage = HAVO year s 3+4+5, VWO year s 3+4+5+6, SBO, MBO or equivalent Third level = HBO, WO, and postdoctoral or equivalent -A distinction between the categories was not possible in 2014. T hese percentages are therefore not presented.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 37 In 2014, 32.5% of the employed populat ion who was not attending a day time education at the moment of the survey was willing to complete an (additional) education, while 63.4% was not. Four percent ( 4.1% ) did not state an answer to this matter. In 2015, these figures wer e 27.3% 66.7 % and 3.4% respectively A t the moment of the survey, 4.9% of the employed population in 2014 and 3.5% of the employed population in 2015 was attending an evening education or course. 3.2.2 Economic position Table 4 gives an overview of the economic position of the employed populat ion in 2014 and 2015. In Table s 4A and 4B b the economic position is disaggregated by sex. The majority of the employed p opulation in 2014 and 2015 worked as an employee in permanent service, 62.5% and 62.1% respectively. Overall, there has been an increa s e in the number of self employed persons, employees in permanent service, employees in temporary service, casual workers/freelancers, and workers having other e conomic positions ). The largest absolute increase was in the group of employees in temporary service, an increase of 1,724 persons which represents a percentage increase of 23 .0% In 2015, t he group of employees in permanent service increased by 1,330 persons, the group of self employed increased by 583 persons and the group of casual workers/freelancers increased with 419 persons. On the other hand there has been a decrease in the amount of employer s The number of employers decreased from 1,875 in 2014 to 1,104 in 2015, which is a decrease of 41.1% Table 4 E conomic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 Absolute Percentage 2014 N= 59,295 2015 N= 61,823 2014 2015 Absolute m utations Percentage mutations Employer 1,875 1,104 3.2 1.8 771 41.1 Self employed 4,681 5,264 7.9 8.5 583 12.5 Employee in permanent service 37,063 38,393 62.5 62.1 1,330 3.6 Employee in temporary service 7,496 9,220 12.6 14.9 1,724 23.0 Casual worker/freelancer 6,092 6,511 10.3 10.5 419 6.9 Other 1 766 958 1.3 1.5 192 25.1 Unknown/not reported 1,322 373 2.2 0.6 949 71.8 1

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 38 When looking at the economic position of men and women separately, the same direction of change is seen for almost all the economic positions R emarkable though is the strong growth in the group of self employed women in comparison to men. The percentage increase in the group of self employed women was 25.9% ; while for men this figure was lower, being 6.1 %. Table 4A E conomic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex : men Absolute Percentage 2014 N= 28,623 2015 N= 29,846 2014 2015 Absolute mutations Percentage mutations Employer 1,269 907 4.4 3.0 362 28.5 Self employed 3,169 3,362 11.1 11.3 193 6.1 Employee in permanent service 16,492 17,233 57.6 57.7 741 4.5 Employee in temporary service 3,480 4,366 12.2 14.6 886 25.5 Casual worker/freelancer 3,316 3,432 11.6 11.5 116 3.5 Other 1 ,** 175 396 0.6 1.3 221 126.3 Unknown/not reported 722 151 2.5 0.5 571 79.1 1 ** Caution should be tak en when interpreting this category as the numbers are low. Table 4B Economic position of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex : women Absolute Percentage 2014 N=30,672 2015 N=31,976 2014 2015 Absolut e mutations Percentage mutations Employer 606 197 2.0 0.6 409 67.5 Self employed 1,512 1,903 4.9 6.0 391 25.9 Employee in permanent service 20,570 21,160 67.1 66.2 590 2.9 Employee in temporary service 4,015 4,854 13.1 15.2 839 20.9 Casual worker/freelancer 2,775 3,079 9.0 9.6 304 11.0 Other 1 591 562 1.9 1.8 29 4.9 Unknown/not reported 603 221 2.0 0.7 382 63.3 1

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 39 3.2.3 Sector and occupation In both years, t he majority of the employed population worked in the sector of wholesale and retail trade In 2014, 16.8% of the employed population rep orted this economic activity and 17.4% in 2015 (Table 5 ). Thus, there has been a slight increase in this sector in 2015 in comparison to 2014. Beside the sector the majority of the employed population worked in the sector and in Table 5 Economic activity of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015 Percentage 2014 2015 Agriculture, forestry, fishing mining, and quarrying 0. 6 0.2 Manufacturing 7.2 6.1 Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 0.7 1.2 Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 1.2 1.1 Construction 6.6 6.5 Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 16.8 17.4 Transportation and storage 5.3 5.3 Accommodation and food service activities 8.9 8.4 Information and communication 3.2 2.8 Financial and insurance activities 7.1 7.5 Real estate activities 0.7 0.6 Professional, scientific and technical activities 3.7 3.4 Administrative and support service activities 5.6 6.5 Public administration and defence ; compulsory social security 8.4 6.6 Education 4.9 4.3 Human health and social work activities 9.7 9.7 Arts, entertainment and recreation 2.5 2.5 Other service activities 2.3 2.7 Activities of households as employers ; undifferentiated goods and services producing activities of households for own use 2.9 3.3 Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies 0.4 0.3 Unknown/not reported 1.3 3.7 In terms of occupation, in 2014 and in 2015, the majority of the employ and sales workers 19.1% and 18.8% respectively (Table 6 ) However, when l ooking at the most common occupation for men and women separately some differences emerge While i n both years, t he majority of employed women did indeed work ( 23.9% in 2014 and 23.9% in 2015 ), the majority of employed men worked as ( 19.7% in 2014 and 18.7% in 2015).

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 40 Table 6 Occupation of employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N= 28,623 N= 29,846 N= 30,672 N= 31,976 N=59,295 N=61,823 Armed forces 0.7 0.1 0.2 0 0.4 0.1 Managers 14.3 11.9 8.8 7.1 11.5 9.4 Professionals 9.0 7.4 12.2 12.4 10.7 10.0 Technicians and associate professionals 16.1 15.8 14.6 16.2 15.3 16.0 Clerical support workers 4.7 6.4 19.5 19.9 12.4 13.4 Service and sales workers 14.1 13.2 23.9 23.9 19.1 18.8 Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 0.3 0.6 0 0 0.1 0.3 Craft and related trades workers 19.7 18.7 2.1 0.7 10.6 9.4 Plant and machine operators, and assemblers 9.3 9.4 1.4 1.6 5.2 5.4 Elementary occupations 9.8 12.5 16.1 14.5 13.0 13.5 Unknown/not reported 2.1 3.9 1.4 3.7 1.7 3.7 When considering table 6 there are a lso other figures worth mentioning For instance, the increase in the 14.6% in 2014 and 16.2% in 9.8% in 2014 and 12.5% in 2015) and on the other hand, the decrease in the percentage of 14.3% in 2014 and 11.9% in 2015). 3.2.4 Hours worked In both 2014 and 2015, t he median working hours per week of the employed population was 40 hours (IQR 40 40 ) T he majority of the employed population both men and women, worked this amount of hours in both years ( 64.3 % in 2014 and 65.3% in 2015 ; Table 7 ) Approximately 18 % of men and 10% of women work ed more than 40 hours a week in 2014. In 2015, t hese figures were 16% and 10% respectively. Table 7 T otal hours worked* by employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Me n (%) Wome n (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N= 28,623 N= 29,846 N= 30,672 N= 31,976 N=59,295 N=61,823 4 20 hours 8 .9 8.4 13.1 12.8 11.1 10.8 21 39 hours 6.7 7.0 12.4 10.8 9.6 9.0 40 hours 65.6 66.1 63.6 64.5 64. 3 65.3 41 60 hours 15.7 14.3 9.8 9.1 15.0 11.7 > 60 hours 2.2 1.8 0.6 0.4 1.4 1.1 Unknown/not reported 1.0 2.3 0.9 2.4 0.9 2.4 Per week

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 41 When looking at the mean working hours a week, men work sig nificantly more hours per week as compared to women. This was the case in both years, 2014 (men: 39.4 hours, women: 36.6 hours, p<0.01) and 2015 (men: 39.2 hours, women: 36.5 hours, p<0.01). 3.2.5 Looking for more work and second work Of the employed population 11.8 % was looking for more work ing hours and 11.0 % was looking for a second job in 2014. In 2015, a somewhat lower percentage of the employed population was looking for more working hours ( 9.4% ) or a second job ( 10.4 % ) In both years, the need for more income was t he main rea s on for looking for a second job I n 2014, 57.1% of the employed persons who were looking for a second job reported this and in 2015, this figure was 61.1% When looking at the above mentioned figures in this paragraph for both sexes there were no significant differences between men and women I n 2015, 3.4 % of the employed population reported already having more than one job. Of the persons who said having more than one job, the majority (82.5%) reported one additional job.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 42 Percentage 3.3 Unemployed population In 2014, t he size of the unemployed population was 8,555 persons in 2014 and in 2015, 8,198 persons Accordingly, t he unemployment rate was 12.6% and 11.7 % in 2014 and 2015, respective ly. However, since the LFS is a sample survey, the unemployment rates are estimates that may be subject to sampling errors. T he unemployment rate s in 2014 and 2015 have a margin of error of 1.2% and 1.3% respectively on both sides, for a confidence interval of 95% Neverthe less, to maintain the precision of the unemployment rate different procedures were applied in both years during the implementation phase of the LFS to keep the non response as low as possible Figure 4 gives an overview of the development of the unemploym ent rate in Curaao over the 1992 2015 period With the e xception of a few years t he unemployment rat e increased in the period 1992 2005. Between 2005 and 2009, this percentage declined every year, but increased again in the 2009 2013 period In 2014 and 2015, the unemp loyment rate decreased slightly. Figure 4 Development of the unemployment rate in Curaao, 1992 2015 13.9 14.4 12.8 13.1 14.1 15.5 16.8 14.2 15.8 15.6 15.1 16.1 18.2 14.7 12.0 10.3 9.7 9.8 13.0 12.6 11.7 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2013 2014 2015 Total Unemployment rate Year

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 43 3.3.1 Highest level of education and willingness to complete an education Table 8 shows the percentage of the highest level of education of the unemployed population of Curaao in 2014 and 2015. The highest level of education of the unemployed population is lower than that of the employed population; employed persons hav e higher levels of education as compared to unemployed persons. The majority of the un employed (men and women) population in 2014 and 2015 had the 1 st stage of the second level as their highest level of educati on, 43.3% and 45.1% respectively. See Appendix 1 for an overview of the way the educational system is classified Table 8 H ighest level of education of un employed population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N= 3,658 N= 3,507 N= 4,897 N= 4,691 N= 8,555 N= 8,198 Current day time education 1 3.5 8.0 3.0 3.9 3.2 5.7 No education -3.3 -1.9 -2.5 Elementary 1 10.4 6.9 6.9 6.7 8.4 6.8 Second level, first stage 1 43.6 52.3 43.0 39.7 43.3 45.1 Second level, second stage 1 27.4 20.9 34.4 37.7 31.4 30.5 Third level 1 10.2 7.8 11.0 10.1 10.6 9.1 Unknown/not reported -0.8 -0 -0.3 1 Current day time education = currently attending a day time education Second level, first stage = VSBO, HAVO years 1+2, VWO years 1+2 or equivalent Second level, second stage = HAVO years 3+4+5, VWO years 3+4+5+6, SBO, MBO or equivalen t Third level = HBO, WO, and postdoctoral or equivalent -categories was not possible in 2014. These percentages are therefore not presented. In 2014, 44.4 % of the unemployed population who was not attending a day time education at the time of the survey was willing to complete an (additional) education, while 52.3 % was not. Three percent ( 3.3 %) did not state an answer to this matter. In 2015, these figures we re 38.9 % 60.6 % and 0.5 % respectively. In 2014 2.7 % of the un employed population and in 2015 4.4 % of the un employed population were atte nding an evening education or course at the time of the survey 3.3.2 Duration of unemployment The unemployed population consists of persons who are actively looking for work and persons who want to start their own business. The duration of unemployment o f the persons w ho are actively looking for a job was measured.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 44 The majority of the persons who were actively looking for a job in Curaao in 2014 and 2015 ha d been unemployed between 1 and 12 months, 43.8 % and 50.2% respectively (Table 9 ) Note that there was also a high proportion who had been unemployed for a year or longer In addition the percentage of women unemployed for a year or longer tend s to be higher than the percentage of men who have been unemployed for a year or longer. This was the case in both years. Table 9 D uration of unemployment September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N= 3,533 N= 3,199 N= 4,662 N= 4,167 N= 8, 195 N= 7,366 Less than 1 month 7.6 6.0 6.7 3.4 7.1 4.5 1 3 months 1 19.0 18.0 18.5 3 6 months 1 13.8 7.6 10.3 6 12 months 1 20.2 22.3 21.4 Between 1 12 months 2 43.7 53.0 43.9 47.9 43.8 50.2 12 months or longer 36.7 39.0 39.9 48.7 38.5 44.5 Unknown/not reported 12.0 1.9 9.5 0 10.6 0.8 1 Only available in 2015 2 In 2015, this figure is the sum of the categories 1 3 months, 3 6 months, and 6 12 months. 3.3.3 Methods of looking for work Most of the unemployed persons who were actively looking for work in 2014 and 2015 visited the companies personally in order to ask for a job, 40.9% and 40.0% respectively (Table 10 ). One out of every four persons ( 25.6% in 2014 and 25.6% in 2015) wrote an application letter to a company. Table 10 Me thods of looking for work by unemployed population September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N=3,533 N=3,199 N=4,662 N=4,167 N= 8,195 N= 7,366 Visited companies personally 42.6 45.0 39.7 36.3 40.9 40.0 Wrote application letter 20.5 23.7 29.3 27.0 25.6 25.6 Respond ed to advertisements non online 1 2.0 4.4 3.4 Respond ed to advertisement s online 1 6.8 8.7 7.9 Respond ed to advertisements 2 2.8 8.8 6.4 13.1 4.8 11.3 SOAW = Social Development, Labour, and Welfare 1 Only available in 2015 2 ed to advertisements non online and respond ed to advertisements online 3 4 5 In 2015 this figure is the sum of the categories

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 45 Table 10 continue Methods of looking for work by unemployed population September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N=3,533 N=3,199 N=4,662 N=4,167 N= 8,195 N= 7,366 Through private agencies 1,3 4.9 7.4 6.3 Through the SOAW Ministry 1, 4 1.7 5.8 4.0 Through private agencies or the SOAW Ministry 3,4,5 5.2 6.6 2.2 13.2 3.5 10.3 Through friends or family 13.5 13.6 8.3 10.5 10.5 11.9 Others 14.4 2.2 13.5 0 13.9 1.0 Unknown/not reported 0.9 0 0.6 0 0.7 0 SOAW = Social Development, Labour, and Welfare 1 Only available in 2015 2 ed to advertisements non ed to 3 4 5 In 2015 this figure is the sum of the categories 3.3.4 Youth unemployment Y outh unemployment is widely viewed as an important policy issue for many countries, regardless of their stage of development ( International Labour Organization, 2015) The youth covers persons between the ages of 15 to 24 years. Globally, unemployment rates in this group are typica lly higher than those in adults and t here are various reasons why youth unemployment rates are often high. For instance, on the supply side, young persons might engage in short periods of unemployment as they gain experience and look around for an appropriate job. Furthermore, because of the opening and closing of educational institutions over the course of the year, young students are far more likely to enter and exit the labour force as they move between employment, school enrolment, and unemployment. The youth unemployment rate in Cura ao was 33.2 % in 2014 and 29.7% in 2015 However when analysing the youth unemployment rate it is useful to take certain matter into account. First of all, it is useful to know the ratio of the youth unemployment rate to the total unemployment rate. Secondly, it is meaningful to identify the current status of the youth on attending a day time education. Finally, identification of the pro portion of the youth who is neither in employment, nor in education or training (NEET) is also important.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 46 Ratio youth unemployment rate to total unemployment rate The ratio of youth unemployment rate to total unemployment rate is an international measur e used to express the severity of youth unemployment. In Cura ao, t his ratio was 2.6 in 2014 and 2. 5 in 2015 The ILO considers a ratio greater than 2 as high. Globally, the ratio of youth unemployment rate to total unemployment rate was 2.8 in 2013 ( International Labour Organization, 2015) Status on attending a day time education In 2014, 12.3% of the unemployed persons aged 15 24 in Cura ao were attending day time education. This figure was higher in 2015, being 22.2% In other words, one out of every eight young persons seeking work and available to start working in 2014 was receiving a daytime school education at the time, which could have hamper ed their being completely available to accept a job and actually start working. In 2015, this was the case for about o ne in every four young persons. Nevertheless, the absolute figures on this matter are low and therefore caution has to be taken when interpreting these results. It is i mportant to note that in the years 2014 and 2015, respectively only 6.2% and 5.6% of the unemployed young persons in Cura ao were younger than 18 years and thus probably subject to the law on compulsory ) Ne vertheless, it should be mention ed that said law ceases to apply at the moment a person receive s a second level education ( e.g. ) diploma or equivalent, which could also be the case b efore the age of 18 19 de juli 1991 houdende bepalingen tot regeling van de leerplicht PB 1991, no. 85 artikel 3 Youth Not in Employment, E ducation or T raining (NEET) The share of the youth population which are neither in employment nor in education or training is a relatively new indicator (the NEET rate). Persons in the NEET group are neither improving their future employability by investing in skills nor gainin g experience through employment. T his gr oup is therefore particularly at risk of labour market exclusion ( International Labour Organization, 2015) In 2014 and 2015, the NE ET rate for persons aged 15 24 in Cura ao was 16.4 and 15.9 respectively. However, here too caution must be used when interpreting these results, as the number of the youth population is low. In the 2011 Census, which included the total youth population of Cura ao the calculated NEET rate was 15.6 (Vierbergen, 2015)

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 47 3.4 Economically not active population The size of the economically not active population was 55,871 persons in 2014 and decreased to 55,670 persons in 2015, a decrease of 0.4%. This decrease was visible in both sexes and the decrease was fairly equal among men and women, being 0.5% and 0.3% respectively. The decrease in size of the economically not active population in 2015 in comparison to 2014 was with the exception of the age groups 35 44 years and 65+ years, visible in all age groups. The largest decrease was in the age group 45 45 years, being 12.6% In the age group 35 44 years, the economically not active population increased from 2,513 perso ns in 2014 to 3,336 persons in 2015, which is an increment of 32.7 %. 3.4.1 Highest level of education Table 1 1 shows the percentage of the highest level of education of the economically not active population of Curaao in 2014 and 2015. The majority of th e economically not active population ( both men and women) in 2014 and 2015 had the same highest level of education as the majority of the unemployed population, that being the 1 st stage of the second level, 32.1 % and 31.5 % respectively. See Appendix 1 for an overview of the way the educational system is classified. Table 11 H ighest level of education of economically not active population, September October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N=22,112 N=22,004 N=33,759 N=33,667 N= 55,871 N= 55,670 Current day time education 1 28.0 27.7 22.6 21.5 24.8 24.0 No education 2.5 3.9 3.3 Elementary 1 16.7 18.0 21.1 22.5 19.3 20.7 Second level, first stage 1 29.2 30.7 34.0 32.1 32.1 31.5 Second level, second stage 1 11.6 11.6 11.0 11.0 11.3 11.2 Third level 1 7.8 8.4 5.5 6.9 6.4 7.5 Unknown/not reported 1.2 2.1 1.7 1 Current day time education = currently attending a day time education Second level first stage = VSBO, HAVO years 1+2, VWO years 1+2 or equivalent Second level, second stage = HAVO years 3+4+5, VWO years 3+4+5+6, SBO, MBO or equivalent Third level = HBO, WO, and postdoctoral or equivalent A distinction between the categories was not possible in 2014. These percentages are therefore not presented.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 48 3.4.2 Reasons for economically not active The majority of the economically not active persons in 2014 and 2015 most important reason for not seeking work 47.0% and 47.5% respectively (Table 12 ) Want ing to finish school or study was also an important reason for not seeking work in 2014 and 2015 25.2% and 23.8% respectively For women, being homemakers was also an important reason. Table 12 Reasons for not looking for work by economically not active population, Sep tember October 2014 and 2015, by sex Men (%) Women (%) Total (%) 2014 2015 2014 2015 2014 2015 N=22,112 N=22,004 N=33,759 N=33,667 N= 55,871 N= 55,670 Home makers 0 0 13.6 14.2 8.2 8.6 Belief there is no work available 6.1 5.2 4.5 3.3 5.1 4.0 Pensioner / age 49.3 49.2 45.5 46.4 47.0 47.5 Want ing to finish school / study 29.2 28.3 22.7 21.0 25.2 23.8 Family circumstances 1.7 2.0 1.7 2.9 1.7 2.6 Physical / mental illness 10.7 9.1 9.7 8.9 10.1 9.1 Other reason 2.6 5.7 1.5 3.0 2.0 4.0 Unknown/not reported 0.4 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.7 0.4

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 49 References Baker, R. P., Bradburn, N. M., & Johnson, R. A. (1995). Computer assisted Personal Interviewing: An Experimental Evaluation of Data Quality and Cost. Journal of Official Statistics 413 431. Bureau, U. S. Census (2015, October 14). Census and Survey Processing System (CSPro) Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/population/international/software/cspro/. Burgerlijk Wetboek Boek 7A. (n.d.). Centraal Wettenregister. (2013). Arbeidsverordening 2013 ClassApps. (2015, October 14). Retrieved from http://www .classapps.com/. International Labour Organization. (2015, December 4). Key Indicators of the Labour Market 2015 (KILM): Education and labour market Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/global/statistics and databases/research and databases/kilm/WCMS_421999/ lang -en/index.htm. Eurofound. (2015, October 14). European Observatory of Working Life (EurWORK), Labour Market Retrieved from http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/areas/labourmarket/index. Eurostat. (2015, October 14). Eurostat Statistics Explained Retrieved from http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics explained/index.php/Glossary:Labour_market. Hussmanns, R. (2007, March 30). Measurement of employment, unemployment and underemployment Current international standards and issues in their application. Lake, Z. (2013). Methodologie van het Arbeidskrachtenonderzoek. Willemstad, Curaao: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek. Ministry of Economic Development. (2015, October 14). Business Census Korsou 2014 Retrieved from http://www.businesscensus.cw/en/census.

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 51 Appendices

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 52 Appendix 1: Classifications in the LFS Education Education is classified according to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED 1997). In this report a compact version of the ISCED was used, with the following categories: 1. No education 2. Elementary education 3. Second level education, first stage 4. Second level education, f irst stage 5. Third level education Postdoctoral courses Industry (sector) Industry is classified according to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC rev. 4). The following main categories were used in this report: 1. Agriculture, forestry and fishing 2. Mining and quarrying 3. Manufacturing 4. Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 5. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 53 6. Construction 7. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 8. Transportation and storag e 9. Accommodation and food service activities 10. Information and communication 11. Financial and insurance activities 12. Real estate activities 13. Professional, scientific and technical activities 14. Administrative and support service activities 15. P ublic administration and defence; compulsory social security 16. Education 17. Human health and social work activities 18. Arts, entertainment and recreation 19. Other service activities 20. Activities of households as employers; undiffe rentiated goods and services producing activities of households for own use 21. Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies Occupation Occupation is classified according to the International Standard Classification of Occupation (ISCO 08). The following main categories were used in this report: 1. Armed forces 2. Managers 3. Professionals 4. Technicians and associate professionals 5. Clerical support workers 6. Service and sales workers 7. S killed agricultural, forestry and fishery workers 8. Cr aft and related trades workers 9. Plant and machine operators and assemblers 10. Elementary occupations

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 54 Appendix 2: Table age group 55+ years Table 13 Labour force of Curaao, September October 2014 and 2015 by age group: 55 + years 55+ years Sept. Oct. 2014 Sept. Oct. 2015 M utations Percentage mutations 1. Employed population 11,364 12,287 923 8.1 2. Unemployed population 783 912 129 16.5 3. Labour force 12,147 13,199 1,052 8.7 4. Economically not active population 31,513 31,818 305 1.0 5. Population 55 + years 43,660 45,017 1,357 3.1 6. P articipation rate (%) 27.8 29.3 1.5* 7. Unemployment rate (%) 6.5 6.9 0.4* 8. Employment /population 55 + (%) 26.0 27.3 1.3* Percentage points

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 55 Appendix 3: Population of Curaao 2014 2015 Table 14 Population of Cura ao 2014 and 2015 1 Total population 1 October 2014 Net inflow / outflow Death Immigration Emigration 1 October 2015 Net migration Total change 0 4 years 9,842 1,811 25 504 349 9 921 155 79 5 14 years 19,843 248 1 774 505 19 863 269 20 15 24 years 19,393 425 15 1 136 1 370 19 569 234 176 25 34 years 17,168 21 13 1 586 838 17 882 748 714 35 44 years 20,006 541 30 979 558 19 856 421 150 45 54 years 24,848 297 78 673 408 24 738 265 110 55 64 years 21,205 625 172 368 222 21 804 146 599 65+ years 23,871 1,900 1,118 185 169 24 669 16 798 Total 156 176 1 452 6 205 4 419 158 302 1 786 2 126 Men population 1 October 2014 Net inflow / outflow Death Immigration Emigration 1 October 2015 Net migration Total change 0 4 years 5 034 858 6 261 165 5 060 96 26 5 14 years 10 179 138 1 370 266 10 144 104 35 15 24 years 9 665 324 12 535 664 9 848 129 183 25 34 years 7 589 69 6 763 406 8 009 357 420 35 44 years 8 748 297 20 485 291 8 625 194 123 45 54 years 10 889 87 50 349 201 10 900 148 11 55 64 years 9 270 233 107 195 112 9 479 83 209 65+ years 9 950 847 554 81 73 10 251 8 301 Total 71 324 756 3 039 2 178 72 316 861 992 1 Including institutionalized persons

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LFS Cura ao 2014 2015 Central Bureau of Statistics Curaao, January 2016 56 Table 14 continue. Population of Cura ao 2014 and 2015 1 Wom en population 1 October 2014 Net inflow / outflow Death Immigration Emigration 1 October 2015 Net migration Total change 0 4 years 4 808 953 19 243 184 4 861 59 53 5 14 years 9 664 110 0 404 239 9 719 165 55 15 24 years 9 728 101 3 601 706 9 721 105 7 25 34 years 9 579 90 7 823 432 9 873 391 294 35 44 years 11 258 244 10 494 267 11 231 227 27 45 54 years 13 959 210 28 324 207 13 838 117 121 55 64 years 11 935 392 65 173 110 12 325 63 390 65+ years 13 921 1 053 564 104 96 14 418 8 497 Total 84 852 696 3 166 2241 85 986 925 1 134 1 Including institutionalized persons

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