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Censusatlas 2001, Sint.Maarten, Netherlands Antilles

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Censusatlas 2001, Sint.Maarten, Netherlands Antilles

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Central Bureau of Statistics Curaçao
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Census atlas 2001 Sint Maarten, Netherlands Antilles Willemstad, December 2004

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Central Bureau of Statistics Fort Amsterdam z/n, Willemstad Curaao, Netherlands Antilles Sint Maarten Office: (599 5) 422 355 Curaao Office: (599 9) 461 1031 Bonaire Office: (599 7) 178 676 Curaao Fax: (599 9) 461 1696 E mail address: info@cbs.an Website: www.cbs.an This product is copyright protected. Use of the contents of this publication is allowed, provided that the source is stated. Price per copy ANG 50, includes a cd rom with coloured maps, designed for printouts.

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3 Preface The Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles proudly presents the first thematic atlas that is completely dedicated to the island of Sint Maarten. This product is based on the results of the Population and Housing Census, held in 2001. In 1992 some of the aspects concerning th e island of Sint Maarten where presented on the Curaao en Sint Maarten In this publication the data will be presented on the level of neighbourhoods, instead of the usual division of th e island in zones or areas. By eliminating physically the level of zones or areas, the Central Bureau of Statistics creates a whole new perspective of analysis, which will suit more subsequently planners, developers and decision makers in their effort to s olve problems on the level of neighbourhoods. This publication is compiled by Drs. Sean de Boer, who is responsible for the dissemination of the census data at the Central Bureau of Statistics. A special thanks goes to Oswin Francinet for the compila tion of some of the data and Drs. Francis Vierbergen who is responsible for the design of the CD ROM. The Director Drs. R. R. Rmer

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5 Table of contents P REFACE 3 I NTRODUCTION 7 M ETHODOLOGICAL FRAME 8 1 P OPULATION ISSUES 9 1.1 S IZE AND DENSITY OF T HE POPULATION 9 1.2 P OPULATION BY SEX AND AGE 10 1.3 O RIGIN OF THE POPULAT ION AND THE MOST SPOKEN LANGUAGE 12 1.4 H EALTH PERCEPTION 13 1.5 R ELIGION 14 1.6 I NTENDED TO M IGRATE 15 2 E CONOMIC STATUS OF TH E POPULATION 31 2.1 G ENERAL 31 2.2 T HE INCOME OF THE EMP LOYED POPULATION 32 2.3 H OUSEHOLD INCOME 33 2.4 U NEMPLOYMENT 34 2.4.1 Youth unemployment 34 2.4.2 Long term unemployment 34 3 E DUCATION 41 3.1 G ENERAL 41 3.2 SCHOOL PARTICIPATION 41 3.2.1 Participation rate of the age group 0 3 years 42 3.2.2 Age group 13 15 years still at the elementary 43 3.3 L EVEL OF EDUCATION 43 3.4 I LLITERACY 43 3.5 D ROP OUT RATE AMONG THE YOUTH 44 4 L IVING ACCOMMODATION AND HOUSEHOLD SITUAT ION 51 4.1 G ENERAL 51 4.2 S TOCK OF DWELLINGS DENSITY OF DWELLINGS AND THE AREA FOR LIV ING PURPOSES 51 4.3 L IVING ACCOMMODATIONS OCCUPANCY RATE AND S IZE OF HOUSEHOLDS 52 4.4 A DEQUACY OF LIVING AC COMMODATIONS 52 4.5 R IGHT OF O WNERSHIP THE MONTHLY RENT PAI D AND THE RATIO BETW EEN RENT AND THE HOUSEHOLD INCOME 53 4.6 P RESENCE OF BASIC AND LUXURIOUS APPLIA NCES IN THE LIVING A CCOMMODATIONS 54 4.7 C OMPOSITION OF HOUSEH OLDS 55 4.7.1 Female head of household 57 4.7.2 One person households 57 4.7.3 One parent family households 58 5 S OCIAL ECONOMIC OVERV IEW 71 A PPENDIX 73 Graphs: Graph 1: Population of Sint Maarten 9 Graph 2: Sex ratio in Sint Maart en 10 Graph 3: Relative age distribution 11 Graph 4: Origin of the population in Sint Maarten 13 Graph 5: Economic status of the population 31 Graph 6: School participation 41 Graph 7: Composition of households 56 List of tables: Table 1: Status in employment 30

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6 Thematic maps: Zones neighbourhoods distribution 16 Population in the neighbourhoods 17 Popul ation density 18 Sex ratio 19 Demographic burden 20 Population 0 14 years of age 21 Population 65 years and older 22 Foreign born population 23 English speaking households 24 Health perception 25 Roman Catho lics 26 Non religious 27 Intended migration 28 Intended migration of 18 24 years of age 29 Economic burden 35 Individual income of the employed population 36 Household income 37 Unemployment 38 Youth unemployment 39 More than one year unemp loyed 40 School participation 15 19 years of age 45 School participation 0 3 years of age 46 13 14 15 years of age still at elementary school 47 Le vel of education 48 Illiteracy 49 Drop out rate 15 24 years of age 50 Inhabited dwellings per neighbourhood 59 Constructed square mete rs for living purposes 60 Average size of households 61 Living accommodations in bad condition 62 Rented in property accommodations ratio 63 Ave rage rent paid per month 64 Basic appliances 65 Luxurious appliances 66 Female head of household 67 One person households 68 One parent family households 69 Social economic index 72

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7 Introduction In January 2001 the Central bureau of Statistics conducted the fourth population and housing (Census) in the Netherlands Antilles. This publication contains spatial displays of this census data regarding the socio economic and living conditions of the population, living on the Dutch side of the island of Sint Maarten. All themes in this publication refer primari ly to the census data of 2001. The Dutch side of the island is for this purpose divided in 8 zones. Those 8 zones are subsequently divided in 32 neighbourhoods (See page 16). Two of these eight zones are equal to a neighbourhood: Phillipsburg and Low La nds. Phillipsburg is known as the capital city of the Dutch Side. The spatial themes in this publication present most of the time the data by equal intervals or brackets. The brackets are usually arranged from the lowest through the highest and are prese nted in grey scales. The intensity varies from patterns with light grey through patterns with dark grey. The division of data in not more than five brackets should guarantee a clear interpretation of the data. Some of the topics can only be interpreted indicatively. The reason for this is the fact that geographical entities are not always evenly divided inside. The population can for instance be concentrated in small areas within a neighbourhood, while in other entities the population is much less dense ly concentrated. For some themes there is no data presented for a number of neighbourhoods. In order to methodological criteria. Should a neighbourhood not meet that criter ion, it is excluded from the theme and its shading in the map is left blank. These neighbourhoods can therefore not be compared with the other neighbourhoods. This publication is divided in five chapters, each discussing a main topic. The five main topi cs are: population issues, the economic situation, educational issues, household and living accommodations and finally a chapter with an overall view of the social economic situation in the neighbourhoods of Sint Maarten.

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8 Methodological frame The basic map of the island is a design by the Central Bureau of Statistics. This basic map is digitally adapted from its original in the ARCVIEW 3.3 software for use with geographical data. Data become geographical when geographical codes are attached to home add resses and to persons living in households at these addresses. These geographical data are subsequently connected to spatial display systems and from this moment on it is called Geographical Information System. Geographical Information Systems have the pos sibility to archive, compute, manipulate, analyse and display the spatial data. In addition, all of the presented maps encompass the definition for that specific theme. The reader will be therefore referred to the concerning theme. It is also very impor tant to take into account the fact that the presented indicators in this publication cannot be compared with data derived from administrative sources. It is often the case that definitions used in compiled administrative records differ from those used in t he Census. The zonification of the island today differs from the one of 1992. This is because of the altered and improved zonification for Sint Maarten. The new zonification encompasses 8 zones whereas the old distribution counted 18 zones. Therefore it i s difficult to compare data on the level of zones and even on the level of neighbourhoods. Finally, it has to be mentioned that the purpose of this publication is generally descriptive. Detailed analyses and analyses of relations between variables will be carried out in other publications.

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9 1 Population issues 1.1 Size and density of the population In 2001, the census counted 175,653 Antillean citizens. Of this total amount 30,594 persons inhabit Sint Maarten. The population of Sint Maarten, therefore represents 17.4% of the total population of the Netherlands Antilles. If the size of the population of Sint Maarten in 2001 is compared with the size in 1992, the population decreased with 1,627 persons. This drop in size of the population is equivalent to 5 percent. Graph 1 Graph 1 gives an insight in the development of the size of the population, starting with the year 1930. The graph shows a population of Sint Maarten who, for decades since 1930, has known an explosive gr owth in size. However, the year 1992 was a turning point in the development of the size, resulting in a slight reduction afterwards. The map on page 17 shows subsequently the population in the neighbourhoods. The most populated neighbourhoods according t o the map are 406/St. Peters and 206/Sucker Garden. In St Peters and Sucker Garden the census registered a total number of 2,806 respectively 2,208. The second most populated neighbourhoods are 304/Middle Region, 602/Cay Bay and 604/Lagoon. Middle region registered a total number of 1,930 inhabitants, whereas for Cay Bay and Lagoon the total population is 1,869 respectively 1,765.

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10 Hence, these are not the densest populated areas. Since no surveying data is available, area surfaces are estimations measur ed with the digital map The estimation is expressed in population per calculated square kilometre (see map on page 18). The population density for 405/Sentry Hill is estimated at 4,167 persons per square kilometre, by far the most populated per square ki lometre. Other densely populated neighbourhoods are 602/Cay Bay (3,738 persons/km), 406/ Sint Peters (2,806 persons/km) and 304/Middle Region (2,757 persons/km). On the other hand, less than one hundred people per square kilometre are registered in the neighbourhoods 202/Guana Bay and 801/Lowlands. These neighbourhoods are the most uninhabited neighbourhoods. The Census counted 63 persons per square kilometre in Guana Bay, while 97 persons per square kilometre were counted for the Low Lands. 1.2 Popula tion by sex and age Fifty one percent (51.3%) of the population is female and forty nine percent (48.7%) is male. The following graph shows the sex ratio, this is the number of females per 100 males (see definition on page 19). Graph 2 The female population, as it appears from this graph, outnumbered the male population between 1930 and 1972, although the female population declined considerably in those years. It is notable that the sex ratio has been somewhat more balanced si nce 1972. Yet, the female population, in comparison with the last census data, is still bigger than the male population. The map on page 19 is a display of the sex ratio in the neighbourhoods. By analysing this map it can be concluded that the sex ratio is the highest in the neighbourhoods

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11 301/Belvedere, 403/Reward, 306/Nazareth and 307/Over the Pond and the lowest in the The following graph displays the relative distribut ion of age in Sint Maarten through the Census years. Graph 3 Considering the results in this graph and the fact that the population grew explosively between 1960 en 1972, it can be concluded that the growth of the population between 1960 and 1992 is due to an immigration of in mayority men in the age category 15 64. It is obvious that the modest drop in the population between 1992 and 2001 by 1,627 persons did not notably affect the age distribution in Sint Maarten. The average age of the population, however, increased in this period, from 28.2 years to 30.7 years.

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12 The drop in the population in general together with the modest developments in the population str ucture, shown above, pulls the demographic burden or age dependency ratio a little bit up (see map and definition on page 20). Was the age dependency ratio in 1992 40.1 in 2001 the census registers an age dependency ratio of 40.8. The map on page 20 sh ows in addition the neighbourhood 301/Belvedere as the neighbourhood with the highest age dependency ratio (65.7) and the neighbourhoods 303/Madame Estate, 203/Over the Bank, 205/Pointe Blanche, 601/Billy Folly, 602/Cay Bay and 801/Low Lands as the neighbo urhoods with the lowest age dependency ratio (33 or less). Neighbourhoods that have also high age dependency ratios are 402/Ebenezer, 306/Nazareth, 308/Zorg en Rust, 101/Phillipsburg, 305/Mount William, 403/Reward and 406/St. Peters. Here the dependency ra tio varies between 43 and 53. An explanation for the results shown can be found in the maps of the population in the age category 0 14 years of age and the population in the age category 65 years of age and older (see pages 21 22). By analysing these ma ps, it becomes clear that the dependency ratio, especially in the neighbourhoods 301/Belvedere, 402/Ebenezer, 306/Nazareth, 308/Zorg en Rust and 305/Mount William, is determined by the young. In 101/Phillipsburg and 406/St. Peters, on the contrary, the dep endency is by far determined by the elderly. The elderly seems, when comparing the map of the young with the map of the elderly, to inhabit especially the coastal areas of Sint Maarten, whereas the young inhabit principally the slopes and the valley area of the hills. The neighbourhood 404/Saunders is the only exception, with a high percentage of the elderly in comparison with the population in the age category 0 14 years of age. 1.3 Origin of the population and the most spoken language The followin g graph displays the origin of the population living in Sint Maarten. The diagram on the left side encompasses the data of 1992, while the diagram on the right side represents the data collected during the census of 2001. The graph shows an increment of a lmost three percentage points (2.8) of the foreign born population 1 in Sint Maarten since 1992 (see graph 4 on page 13). Of the fifty eight percent (58.5%) born elsewhere and living in Sint Maarten, twelve percent is born in Dominican Republic and over eight percent born in Haiti. These are the major groups who are represented in the portion of the population who were born elsewhere. The map Foreign born population on page 23 is a spatial distribution of the foreign born population. The analysis show th e neighbourhoods 801/Lowlands, 602/Cay Bay and 203/Over the Bank as the neighbourhoods with the highest percentages of foreign born population (70% or more) and the neighbourhoods 201/Defiance, 301/Belvedere, 403/Reward, 406/St. Peters and 701/Simpson Bay Village as the neighbourhoods with the lowest percentages of foreign born population (less than 55%). 1 Foreign born are citizens who where not born in either Aruba or the Netherlands Antilles.

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13 Graph 4 The most spoken language in Sint Maarten is still English (64.3%) and its share incr eased since 1992 by eight percentage points. Spanish, Creole, Papiamentu and French, on the contrary, showed since 1992 a decrease, while the Dutch and other languages have been increasing continually. The map English speaking households on page 24 disp lays the neighbourhoods 201/Defiance, 301/Belvedere and 402/Ebenezer as the neighbourhoods with the highest percentage of English speaking households (78% or more), whereas the neighbourhoods 602/Cay Bay and 405/Sentry Hill have the lowest percentage of En glish speaking households (less than 49%). 1.4 Health perception The 2001 census once again asked the question The answers could vary between very good and very bad. To give a good spatial impression of the health perception in Sint Maarten a compound were jointed together in a combined value. This was done for the three age categori es 0 14 year, 15 64 years and 65 years. The results were then standardized with the age structure of the population in order to eliminate the influence of age differentials. These standardized value were then converted into scores.

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14 health as good. The map on page 25 is a display of the relative perception of health in the neighbourho ods of Sint Maarten. The population in 602/Cay Bay, 405/Sentry Hill, 307/Over the Pond, 301/Belvedere and 101/Phillipsburg judge their health on average the worst compared to the total population. The opposite situation applies to the neighbourhoods 801/ Low Lands, 701/Simpson Bay Village, and 601/Billy Folly. Here, the population judge their health as the best in comparison with the total population of Sint Maarten. 1.5 Religion More than 20 different religions were registered during the census of 2001 The Roman Catholic Church still came out as the largest religious group, representing almost forty percent (39.7%) of the population, though its share dropped since 1992 with almost 2 percentage points (1.7). The Pentecostal Church and the Seventh Day A dventists showed a considerable growth between 1992 and 2001. In 1992 the census registered for both religion together a share of nine percent (9.3%) and in 2001 almost 18 percent (17.8%). The growth is over eight percentage points (8.5). The share of th e population with no religion, on the contrary, has diminished since 1992 with almost five percentage points (4.8), propelled by a substantial growth in, as shown above, non Catholic religions. In 1992 the census registered eleven percent exactly of the po pulation with no religion whereas in 2001 the census registered almost seven percent (6.7%). Map Roman Catholics on page 26 is a display of the population, affiliated to the Roman Catholic Church in Sint Maarten. As it can be derived from the map, 46 pe rcent or more of the population affiliated can be found in the neighbourhoods 702/Beacon Hill and 606/Windsor, while less than 36 percent of the population affiliated can be found in the neighbourhoods 305/Mount William, 306/Nazareth, 308/Zorg en Rust, 401 605/Orange Grove. The map Non religious on page 27 shows subsequently the population that is not affiliated to any religion. The highest percentages of non religious are found in the neighbourhoods 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oysterpond, 601/Billy Folly, 701/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Low Lands, whereas the lowest percentages are found in the neighbourhoods 101/Phillipsburg, 406/St Pe ters, 605/Orange grove and 606/Windsor.

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15 1.6 Intended to Migrate The census of 2001 asked the respondents how long they were intended to live in the Netherlands Antilles. The answers to this question can therefore be used as a proxy approach for mig ration intentions. Almost seven percent (6.9%) of the population in Sint Maarten is inclined to migrate within 4 years from the Netherlands Antilles to another destination. The map Intended migration on page 28 displays the share of the population in the neighbourhoods in Sint Maarten intended to migrate within 4 years out of the Netherlands Antilles. As it appears on the map, the highest percentages of intended migration (17% or more) can 701/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Low Lands. The more intended stays (95% or more) are found in the neighbourhoods 101/Phillipsburg, 201/Defiance, 206/Sucker garden, 301/Belvedere, nge Grove. The intended migration in the neighbourhoods 601/Billy Folly, 701/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Low Lands seems to be initiated by the young (18 24 years of age) (see map Intended migration of 18 24 years of age on page 29). At least thirty five percent of the young in these neighbourhoods intends to migrate within 4 years out of the Netherlands Antilles, while the average for Sint Maarten is almost thirteen percent.

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31 2 Economic status of the population 2.1 General The economic s tatus of the population in Sint Maarten will in this document be described by the employed and unemployed population, the status in employment of the employed on the labour market, acquired income and participation in the household income. This publication will also deal with the share of the population that receives social welfare and the economic burden of the economically active population. Someone is by definition employed if he or she is 15 years and older, has a job in the week prior to the census m oment for four hours or more or he or she owes a company or business 2 The following graph is a display of the economic status of the inhabitants of Sint Maarten throughout the census years. Graph 5 Graph 5 shows the develo pment of the economic status of the population. Between 1960 and 1992 the participation rate 3 increased substantially and consequently the proportion of the inactive population diminished, mostly caused by the mayor influx of labour oriented immigation. Th e year 2001, on the contrary, deviates from the previous census years by displaying a slight decrease of the economically active population, giving so the impression of a turning point. 2 ILO definition 3 The economically active population (employed and unemployed) as part of the totak population.

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32 The following map encompasses data of the Economic burden (see page 35). The economic burden is the share of the population that is not working, divided by the employed population. The share of the population that is not working consists of the youth (0 14 years of age) and the elderly (65 years and older) and those pertai ning to the age bracket of 15 65 years of age who are economically not active or unemployed. According to the data, the highest economic burden can be found in the neighbourhoods 301/Belvedere, 304/Middle region, 306/Nazareth, 601/Billy Folly and Low 801 /Lands. The rates in these neighbourhoods amount to 110 or more, meaning values greater than the average for Sint Maarten (97). The economic burden in each of these areas seems to be determined by different factors. In 301/Belvedere and 306/Nazareth, for instance, the high economic burden is influenced by the presence of young persons (see the map on page 21), whereas the burden in 304/Middle region seems above all to be influenced by unemployment (see the map on page 38). The burden in the neighbourhoods 601/Billy Folly and 801/Low Lands, finally, seems particularly to be influenced by a large number of persons in the age bracket 65 years of age and older. 701/Simpson Bay Village, on the contrary, register values substantially less than the average of Sint Maarten (less than 81), meaning in these areas there are more people working in comparison with those who are inactive. 2.2 The income of the employed population The ce nsus of 2001 registered 15,528 employed inhabitants. The following table gives an insight in the status in employment. The status in employment of the population is defined in the publication Table 1: status in employment Status in the economy: 1992 2001 Absolute % Absolute % Employer 745 4.4 384 2.5 Self employed 1,309 7.7 1,555 10.0 Employee in permanent service 10,294 60.9 9,797 63.1 Employee in temporary service 2,37 6 14.1 1,619 10.5 Casual service or casual job 684 4.0 564 3.6 Hired on a contract 1,143 6.8 985 6.3 Others and unknown 360 2.1 624 4.0 Total 16,911 100.0 15,528 100.0 Source: CBS, Census

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33 As it appears from the table, the employed population has diminished since 1992 with 1,383 persons. The diminution is caused by both absolute and relative decrements of employers and employees in temporary service. The only increases can be found in the group of the self employed and employees in permanent service. The increment of the self employed is both absolute and relative, while the increment of those in permanent service is a relative increment only. The map Income of the employed (15 years and older) on page 36 displays the average income per emplo yee, earned in 2001. The average income of the employed population in Sint Maarten is 2,189 Antillean guilders. In 1992, the census registered an, inflated to 2001 prices, income of 2,138 Antillean guilders. The neighbourhoods with the highest average i ncomes (3,000 guilders or more) are the neighbourhoods 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oysterpond, 205/Pointe Blanche, 601/Billy Folly and 701/Simpson Bay Village, 702/Beacon Hill and 801/Lowlands). The neighbourhoods with the lowest average income (less than 1,300 gui lders), on the contrary, are the neigh bourhoods 203/Over the bank, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle region and 602/Cay Hill. 2.3 Household income The average household income in January 2001 amounts to 3,896 Antillean guilders. In 1992 an inflated income o f 3,276 guilders was registered, meaning a growth of almost nineteen percent (18.9%) in nine years. This growth is equivalent to 620 Antillean Guilders. The map on page 37 is a display of the average income per each household per neighbourhood. As it appe ars on the map, the higher household incomes (5,400 guilders or more) can be found in the neighbourhoods 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oysterpond, 205/Pointe Blanche, 404/Saunders, 601/Billy Folly, 701/Simpson Bay Village, 702/Beacon Hill and 801/Low Lands. Of this g roup the highest incomes (7,000 guilders or more) are found in the neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond, 601/Billy Folly and 801/Low Lands. The neighbourhoods with the lowest household income (less than 3,600 guilders per month), on the contrary, are the neighbo urhoods 101/Phillipsburg, 203/Over the Bank, 206/Sucker garden, 301/Belvedere, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle region, 307/Over the Pond, 308/Zorg en Rust, 403/Reward, 405/Sentry Hill, 406/St. Peters, 602/Cay Bay, 604/Lagoon, 605/Orange Grove and 606/Windsor Of this group the lowest incomes per household can be found in Over the Bank (1,853 guilders per month) and Cay Bay (2,411 guilders per month).

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34 2.4 Unemployment Almost thirteen percent (12.8%) of the labour force is unemployed. Compared to the year 1 992 (12.5%) the situation today is roughly the same. The highest unemployment rates (see map Unemployment rate on page 38) are registered in the neighbourhoods 304/Middle region (20.2%) and 602/Cay Bay (20.8%), while the lowest unemployment rates are fou nd in the neighbourhoods with the highest individual income and household income: 202/Guana Bay (3.5%), 204/Oysterpond (2.7%), 601/Billy Folly (3.2%) and 701/Simpson Bay Village (2.2%). 2.4.1 Youth unemployment The youth unemployment rate is an important indicator of the social economic situation. At the spatial level the threshold value is 50, meaning that at least 50 persons need to form part of the labour force of the young in a particular neighbourhood. If this is not the case, an analysis at the spat ial level for that neighbourhood is not considered valid. The census registered a youth unemployment rate of more than twenty six percent (26.4%) in Sint Maarten. If compared to the rate of 1992 (20.5%), it is clear that the level of unemployment increas ed in nine years with almost six percentage points. The youth unemployment rate is at its highest in the neighbourhoods 304/Middle Region (40.3%) and 307/Over the Pond (35.6%) and at its lowest in the neighbourhoods 404/Saunders (18.1%) and 301/Belvedere (18.5%) (See the map Youth unemployment on page 39). Also striking are the rates for the neighbourhoods 101/Phillipsburg, 306/Nazareth, 406/St. Peters, 502/Fort Willem, 604/Lagoon and 605/Orange Grove which varies between thirty one and thirty five percen t. 2.4.2 Long term unemployment On January 31, 2001 almost twenty four percent (23.8%) of the unemployed population was one year or longer unemployed. In comparison with the census of 1992 (24.3%) this is a decrease of a half percentage points. The thres hold value for this indicator is at least 20 unemployed persons per neighbourhood. The highest percentages of the long term unemployed population (35% or more) are found in the neighbourhoods 101/Phillipsburg, 203/Over the Bank, 306/Nazareth, 403/Rewar d and 404/Saunders, while the lowest percentages are found in the neighbourhoods 205/Point Blanche, 602/Cay Bay and 605/Orange Grove (See the map 1 year or longer unemployed on page 40). These neighbourhoods register a rate less than fifteen percent.

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41 3 Education 3.1 General The educational situation of the population in Sint Maarten will be discussed by focussing on the school participation rate, the level of education of the out of school population, the dropout rate and the percentage of illite racy. When the Census figures are interpreted one needs to keep in mind the fact that these indicators are based on definitions provided by international Census standards and are therefore not always comparable to indicators based on administrative sourc es. 3.2 School participation The following graph is a display of the age group, which is compulsory submitted to receive daytime education as well as the higher age groups who are also receiving any daytime education. Graph 6

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42 The average school participation in 2001 came out higher than the participation in 1992. The participation rate amounts to over twenty two percent (22.4%) against almost twenty two percent (21.7%) in 1992. The biggest improvement in the school attend ance seems to come from the young between 12 years and 17 years (see graph 6 on page 41). The age group of 20 24 years shows also a slight improvement in the participation, probably due to a growth in vocational education establishments in Sint Maarten (se e graph 6 on page 41). The school attendance for the age category 15 19 years is shown in the map on page 45. The average attendance in 2001 was nearly sixty nine percent (68.9%) against almost sixty two percent (61.8%) in 1992. The highest participati 701/Simpson Bay Village (78% or more), while the lowest rates are found in 203/Over the bank and 602/Cay Bay (less than 51%). 402/Ebenezer, 606/Windsor and 701/Simpson Bay Village show also high school participation rates, in comparison with the average of Sint Maarten. The participation rates vary from seventy seven percent to eighty eight percent. 3.2.1 Participat ion rate of the age group 0 3 years This section deals with the participation rate of children between the age of 0 years and 3 years that are attending a play school or crche. On January 31, 2001 forty two (41.9%) percent of the children in the age gr oup 0 3 years was attending a play school or day care centre. In 1992 the census registered over twenty seven percent (27.4%). These figures display a growth of over fourteen percentage points (14.5) in the number of children attending a day care centre. T he attendance is the highest in the neighbourhoods 202/Guana Bay and 204/Oysterpond (61% or more), while the Estate, 308/Zorg en Rust and 606/Windsor; less than twenty seven p ercent (See page 45). A comparison of the map Economic burden on page 35 with the map School participation 0 3 years of age on page 46 displays some correlation between the work participation of the parents and the school participation of the children in the age group 0 3 years. Neighbourhoods with a relative low economic burden, meaning a higher participation of parents in the labour process are generally associated with a higher participation of the age group 0 3 years at the day care centres. Therefo re, it can cautiously be concluded that working parents in Sint Maarten more often send their children to a day care centre during working hours.

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43 3.2.2 Age group 13 15 years still at the elementary school This section deals with all children in the age group of 13 15 years who are still attending an elementary school, as proportion of the total population in the same age category. The census in 2001 registered twenty five percent (25.2%) of children in the age category 13 15 years that is still attendi ng an elementary school. In 1992 the census registered almost nineteen percent (18.6%), showing a growth of more than six percentage points (6.6). For this indicator at spatial level, a threshold value of 20 children in the age category 13 15 years of age is required. The percentage of children between 13 and 15 years that are still attending elementary school is the highest in the neighbourhoods 304/Middle Region, 405/Sentry Hill and 602/Cay Bay, whereas the lowest percentages are found in the neighbour hoods 205/Point Blanche, 402/Ebenezer, 404/Saunders and 603/Diamond (see map on page 47). 3.3 Level of education 4 The average level of education in 2001 is 49, meaning 49 persons with a high education per 100 persons with a low education. In 1992 the ce nsus registered an average level of 35 persons with a high education in relation to one hundred persons with a low education, which means an overall improvement in the average level of education. The ratio shows a very strong deviation among the neighbo urhoods in Sint Maarten (see map on page 48). The highest ratios are found in neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond, 601/Billy Folly, 701/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Lowlands. In these neighbourhoods one can find two times the number of highly educated persons in comparison with the lower educated persons. The lowest ratios, on the contrary, are found in 203/Over the Bank, 206/Sucker Garden, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle Region, 308/Zorg en Rust, 405/Sentry Hill and 602/Cay Bay. In these neighbourhoods less than t hirty of hundred persons are highly educated. 3.4 Illiteracy A person is considered functional illiterate if this person cannot read, write or calculate as it is commonly required to function effectively in a community. Since there is no such data avai lable, a person is considered illiterate if this person followed no more than the third grade of elementary. This method is a proxy approach. Only four percent (4.1%) of the population in Sint Maarten can be considered illiterate. In 1992 almost nin e percent (8.6%) of the population was considered illiterate. These figures shows, therefore, a considerable decrease of illiteracy in Sint Maarten 4 The average level of education is comprised of persons of 15 years and older that have followed at least a senior secondary education divided by persons that have no more than a junior secondary degree. The rate is subsequently multiplied by hundred, meaning an amount with a high education per hundred persons with a low education.

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44 The neighbourhoods in Sint Maarten with the highest percentages of illiteracy are the neighbourhoods 203/Ov er the Bank, 206/Sucker Garden, 302/Dutch Quarter, Middle Region, 305/Mount William, 307/Over the Pond and 405/Sentry Hill (4.5% or more), while the lowest percentages are found in 601/Billy Folly, 202/Guana Bay and 205/Pointe Blanche (see the map on page 49). No illiterated persons were registered in the neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond, 701/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Low Lands. 3.5 Drop out rate among the youth The drop out rate among the youth is the percentage of the out of school population in the ag e category 15 24 years who did not follow any education or did not successfully follow an education at the secondary level, as part of the total out of school population in this age category. The drop out among the youth in Sint Maarten is 39.8% In 1992 f ifty three percent (53.1%) had dropped out of school. A comparison between the two census years shows a considerable decrease in the drop out rate. The highest rates in Sint Maarten are found in 304/Middle Region (54.8%), 405/Sentry Hill (53.5%), 206/Suc ker Garden (48.4%), 602/Cay Bay (44.2%), 302/Dutch Quarter (44.1%) (10,3%), 606/Windsor (14.3%), 501/Cay Hill (21.2%) and 402/Ebenezer (23.3%)(see map on page 50). Not all the neighbourhoods could meet the criterion of at least 20 persons in the age category 15 24 years who currently are not attending any education.

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51 4 Living accommodation and household situation 4.1 General Besides the personal form, the cen sus also comprises of a living accommodation form According to the census a living accommodation can be a building, part of a complex or part of a building, built with any kind of material and which is designed or made adequate for living purposes. Only o ne household can occupy a living accommodation, per definition. The census of 2001 offers also the possibility to identify the type of building for living purposes. In this case the building for living purposes can be for instance a house, or an apartm ent. In this case the building is called a dwelling. The amount of dwellings, therefore, is less than the amount of registered living accommodations. 4.2 Stock of dwellings, density of dwellings and the area for living purposes The stock of dwellings in Sint Maarten amounts to 10,970 inhabited dwellings, 1,020 uninhabited dwellings and 140 dwellings in construction, according to the census of 2001. The total stock amounts therefore to 12,130 private dwellings (excluding institutions). To calculate the d ensity of dwellings, the total stock of dwellings per area are divided by the total square kilometres surface per area. This brings the average for Sint Maarten to 357 dwellings per square kilometre. If the density of dwellings for Sint Maarten (357 dwell ings) is compared to the density of dwellings for Curaao (115 dwellings) it is notable that Sint Maarten is three times densely built than Curaao. The densest built areas in Sint Maarten are the neighbourhoods 101/Phillipsburg, /Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond, 405/Sentry Hill, 406/St. Peters and 602/Cay Bay, while the thinnest built areas are the neighbourhoods 201/Defiance, 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oyster Pond and 801/Low Lands (see map on page 59).

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52 The total surface for living pu rposes 5 in a living accommodation amounts to an average of 114 square meters (see map on page 60). The largest dwellings (165 m or more) are found in 202/Guana Bay and 204/Oyster Pond, whereas the smallest dwellings (less than 90 m) are established in t he neighbourhoods around the pond (206/Sucker Garden, 301/Belvedere, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond, 308/Zorg en Rust, 405/Sentry Hill, 502/Fort Willem and 602/Cay Bay). 4.3 Living accommodations, occupancy rate and size of house holds During the census of 2001, 12,904 living accommodations were registered. In 1992 the census registered 13,333 living accommodations, which means that the total amount of living accommodations have diminished since 1992 with 429 living accommodations The occupancy rate is calculated as the quotient of the total population and the total number of inhabited living accommodations, as it is determined that one household can only inhabit a living accommodation. The average occupancy rate is in this case equal to the average size of a household. The average size of the households in Sint Maarten amounts to almost three persons (2.61). The census of 1992 registered practically the same average size of households (2.64) The map on page 61 is a spatial display of the occupancy rate. The average size of households is the largest in the neighbourhoods 301/Belvedere, 305/Mount William, 306/Nazareth, 402/Ebenezer and 404/Saunders, whereas the smallest household sizes are found in the neighbourhoods 203/Over the bank, 602/Cay Bay and 801/Low Lands. Yet, it has already been stated that the neighbourhoods Sentry Hill and Cay Bay are the densest inhabited, while here the largest amount of dwellings can be also found. 4.4 Adequacy of living accommodations A living accommodation is adequate whenever this accommodation does not need maintenance or needs some maintenance. In the cas e some maintenance is needed, this can be done under regular or daily circumstances. Subsequently, a living accommodation is in bad condition if this living accommodation displays one or more defects, which have to be repaired if the inhabitants need to b e safely accommodated. 5 The total surface for living purposes is defined by the length of a living ac commodation in metres multiplied by the width in metres. For the calculation the living room(s), bedroom(s), kitchen(s) and bathroom(s) must be included. All other spaces like commercial space(s), garage(s) and uncovered porche(s) Must be deducted.

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53 Finally, a living accommodation is in very bad condition if this living accommodation is decaying and the inhabitants cannot be safely accommodated. The living accommodation is a threat to the health and well being of the inhabitant s. The map on page 62 is a spatial display of the percentages of living accommodations either in bad condition or in very bad condition. These categories are merged together for this presentation. According to the census figures of 2001 and 1992, a re markable diminution of living accommodations in bad condition can be noticed. The decrease of these living accommodations in bad condition is twice the amount. At the moment over thirteen percent (13.5%) of the living accommodations in Sint Maarten is in b ad condition. An explanation for this development could perhaps be found in the fact that a lot of these dwellings in bad condition have disappeared and a lot of building projects were started, after the hurricane Luis in 1995. The percentage of living a ccommodations in bad condition are the highest in the neighbourhoods 206/Sucker Garden, 304/Middle Region, 405/Sentry Hill, 602/Cay Bay and 604/Lagoon, whereas the lowest percentages are found in 201/Defiance, 202/Guana Bay, 301/Belvedere, 306/Nazareth, 40 2/Ebenezer and 601/Billy Folly. The neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond and 801/Low Lands did not register any living accommodation in bad condition. 4.5 Right of ownership, the monthly rent paid and the ratio between rent and the household income In Sint Maa rten almost thirty six percent (35.8%) of the living accommodations is rented. The ratio between owned and rented amounts to 1.7, meaning that for each rented unit almost two units are owned. The highest ratios of rented units are found in the neighbourho ods 203/Over the Bank, 206/Sucker Garden, 301/Belvedere (here all the units seems to be rented), 306/Nazareth, 307/Over the Pond, 308/Zorg en Rust, 602/Cay Bay, 605/Orange Grove, 606/Windsor and 801/Low Lands, while the lowest ratios are found in 202/Defia nce, 204/Oysterpond and 402/Ebenezer (see map on page 63). The average monthly rent that is paid in 2001 amounts to 836 Antillean Guilders. In 1992 the inhabitants of the rented units paid an amount of 704 Antillean Guilders. If the latter is inflated by the average price index for the period 1992 2001 (119.2), a total amount of 840 Antillean Guilders was paid in the past. A comparison of the inflated figure for 1992 with the registered figure for 2001 shows practically no change in the amount that is pai d. The neighbourhoods where the highest rents per month are paid (1,300 Antillean Guilders or more) are 202/Defiance, 204/Oysterpond, 601/Billy Folly, 702/Simpson Bay Village and 801/Low Lands, whereas the lowest rents per month are paid in 203/Over the B ank, 206/Sucker Garden, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle Region, 308/Zorg en Rust, 405/Sentry Hill and 602/Cay bay (less than 500 Antillean Guilders) (See the map on page 64).

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54 4.6 Presence of basic and luxurious appliances in the living accommodations B asic appliances are defined as appliances to provide in the basic needs. The following appliances were investigated during the census: The presence of a cooking facility in the living accommodation The connectivity to a watergrid or water supply by a ci stern The presence of a shower facility The presence and connectivity of a toilet to a water net The presence of electricity If an appliance is said to be present in the living accommodation a score of 1 is awarded. The maximum score to be reached, in th is case, is 5. The average score for the appliances in Sint Maarten is 4.8, meaning a very high overall score when it comes to the presence of appliances in the living accommodations. A comparison of the result of 1992 with 2001 shows a slight improvement in the basic facilities that are needed in a living accommodation. The highest scores regarding the presence of basic appliances in living accommodations are found in 101/Phillipsburg, 201/Defiance (4.93), 301/Belvedere (4.98), 306/Nazareth (4.95), 401/ as strange as it appears (see the map on page 66). The lowest scores, on the contrary, are registered in 204/Oysterpond (4.63), 206/Sucker Garden (4.73), 304/Middle Region (4.73), 405/Sentry Hill (4.69), 604/Lagoon (4.78) and 701/Simpson Bay Village (4.63). Luxurious appliances are defined as appliances that are not necessarily needed in a household. These appliances are: A television A video recorder A telephone One ore more mobile phones Cable or Satel lite dish A refrigerator A washing machine A computer An internet connection A freezer A fax machine A household in possession of all these appliances is awarded a value score of eleven. In Sint Maarten, the average score for the possession of luxurious appliances is 5.86, meaning that households possess on average half of the amount of luxurious appliances that are investigated by the census.

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55 The highest scores are found in the neighbourhoods 201/Defiance, 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oysterpond, 205/Point Blanc 402/Ebenezer, 404/Saunders, 601/Billy Folly, 603/Diamond, 702/Beacon Hill and Low lands, while the lowest scores are found in the neighbourhoods 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond, 405/Sentr y Hill and 602/Cay Bay (See the map on page 67). 4.7 Composition of households A household could be comprised of one person living by its self (one person household) or more persons living together in informal domestic relations. A criterion for is that mutual agreements have been made for the purchase of food and other living necessities and that everyone is using the main room of the house (e.g. the living room) and/or the kitchen together. The Central Bureau of Stati stics defines three main groups: A nuclear family, which can consist of either a couple with children, a couple without children or one parent with child. All these types can have one or more persons who are not related to the family living in. 2 or more Nuclear families living in one living accommodation with one or more persons who are not even related. No nuclear households consisting of either one person living alone or more persons living together that are not family related.

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56 A comparison of the r esults of 2001 with the results of 1992 leads to the conclusion that the overall composition of households in Sint Maarten changed slightly since 1992. In 2001 sixty two percent (62.3%) of the households consisted of one nuclear family and 3 percent (3.4%) of more nuclear families living in one living accommodation, whereas almost thirty six percent (34.3%) were non nuclear concubinations. In 1992 the census registered respectively 62.1, 2.7 and 35.2 percent. The following graph gives a more specific insig ht of the composition of the households in Sint Maarten. Graph 7 As it appears form the graph, couple with children (30.3%) and the one person households (29.7%) are the largest proportions of the composition of households.

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57 4.7.1 Female heads of household In 2001 the census registered thirty four percent (34.2%) households with a female as head of the household. Compared to 1992, the proportion increased with three percentage points. The proportion of male heads of households therefore declined. The map on page 68 displays the highest percentages of female as head of household in 301/Belvedere (55.2%), 201/Defiance (44.6%), 403/Reward (44.4%), 101/Phillipsburg (40.8%), 206/Sucker Garden (37.5), 304/Middle Region 37.2%), 406/St. Peters (37.2%) and 501/Cay Hill (37.2%), while the lowest percentages are found in the neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond (13.3%), 601/Billy Folly (17.9%), 801/Lowlands (22.4%), 702/Beacon 4.7.2 One person households Internation al demographic studies show that people all over the world tend to individualize their lifes. The tendency is that households are getting smaller. Moreover, establishment studies 6 have shown that one person households, for example, establish themselves mo re often at the edges or in the centre of the big cities. The process of households getting smaller started since 1972 in Sint Maarten. In 1972 the average size of household was 4.3 and in 1981 this amount dropped to 3.5 persons. In 1992 and 2001 the drop was still continued, resulting in an amount of 2.6 persons per household. The map on page 69 gives an insight of the one person households. In 2001, the census registered almost thirty percent (28.9%) of one person households. In 1992 the share of the to tal number of households was less than twenty nine percent (28.7%). The largest share of one person households (34% or more) can be found in 203/Over the Bank, 304/Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond, 602/Cay Bay, Windsor and 801Low Lands, while the lowest proportions are found in 201/Defiance, 204/Oysterpond, 301/Belvedere, 305/Mount William, 306/Nazareth, 402/Ebenezer and 404/Saunders (less than 23%). A more profound analysis of this spatial sprawl cautiously leads to the following argumentation; the one person households in Sint Maarten are often established in areas near their work environment. In the case of the neighbourhoods 602/Billy Folly and 606/Windsor, for instance, it is notable that the people living in these areas goes to work in the nearest environment (601/Billy Folly) where the core of job establishments are (in this case the vast majority of the hotels). It is also plausible to believe that these households are established in areas near the core of entertainment (Billy Folly and Simpson Ba y Village). 6 See e.g. Ministerie VROM/CBS Nederland, Woning Behoefte Onderzoek 1998, Kernpublicatie, September 1999, p. 50 51.

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58 4.7.3 One parent family households A household comprised of a mother or father living alone with her or his children is generally considered as a vulnerable household. The children must not be older than 18 years. A valid criterion is the f act that persons older than 18 years are entitled to lead an independent life and do not need parental guidance or support. Eight percent (8.3%) of the households in Sint Maarten consist solely of one parent with child. The census registered an average of seven percent (6.9%) in 1992. Compared with 2001 this means an increase in the one parent households. The highest proportions (15% or more) are found in the neighbourhoods 205/Point /Billy Folly, whereas the lowest percentages are found in the neighbourhoods 204/Oysterpond, 304/Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond, 502/Fort Willem, 701/Simpson Bay Village and 702/beacon Hill (less than 3%) (see map on page 70).

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71 5 Social economic overview This chapter deals with a social economic overview that is based on eight chosen socio economic indicators. The following indicators are used in this analysis to describe the living conditions in a neighbourhood: The demographic burden The Economic Burden The relative health perception The individual income of the employed population The household income Unemployment rate The average level of education The proportion of the living accommodation in a bad condition Each indicator uses a scale between one and five. If the demographic burden, for instance, is the highest, meaning a very unfavourable situation in the neighbourhood, a score of five, which is the highest, is granted. For this matter, a map regarding the priority to deal wit h an area is constructed. This map is based on the total scores that each area has received by the analysis of the eight indicators per area. Subsequently, these total scores were transformed into priority scores. The map on page 72 shows the neighbourho ods 101/Phillipsburg, 302/Dutch Quarter, 304/Middle Region, 307/Over the Pond and 62/Cay Bay as the neighbourhoods that need the most attention when it comes to solve the social economic problems. The neighbourhoods 206/Sucker Garden, 301/Belvedere, 403/R eward, 405/Sentry Hill and 406/St. Peters are in lesser needs but still deserve special attention. The neighbourhoods 201/Defiance, 202/Guana Bay, 204/Oysterpond, 205/Pointe Blanche, 601/Billy Folly, 701/Simpson Bay Village, 702/Beacon Hill and 801/Low L ands, on the contrary, does not need urgent attention, according to the method used.

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73 Appendix Tables of issues Note: if a is marked in the table, it means that the threshold value for a neighbourhood was not reached.

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74 Area code Neighbourhood Population Youth (abs.) Elderly (abs.) Dependant population Potential labour force (abs.) Demographic burden 101 Phillipsburg 1227 275 109 384 843 45.6 201 Defiance 215 54 4 58 157 36.9 202 Guana Bay 202 47 8 55 147 37.4 203 Over the Ban k 285 65 4 69 216 31.9 204 Oysterpond 196 43 8 51 145 35.2 205 Pointe Blanche 916 187 35 222 694 32.0 206 Sucker Garden 2207 604 58 662 1545 42.8 301 Belvedere 1363 530 11 541 822 65.8 302 Dutch Quarter 1490 402 30 432 1058 40.8 303 Madame's Estate 6 40 132 24 156 484 32.2 304 Middle Region 1930 530 59 589 1341 43.9 305 Mount William 459 131 11 142 317 44.8 306 Nazareth 1175 386 13 399 776 51.4 307 Over the Pond 702 159 19 178 524 34.0 308 Zorg en Rust 364 115 6 121 243 49.8 401 Betty's Estate 37 9 98 4 102 277 36.8 402 Ebenezer 843 278 13 291 552 52.7 403 Reward 878 239 32 271 607 44.6 404 Saunders 1307 314 70 384 923 41.6 405 Sentry Hill 1667 411 36 447 1220 36.6 406 St. Peters 2806 771 87 858 1948 44.0 501 Cay Hill 1535 391 47 438 1097 39. 9 502 Fort Willem 641 138 26 164 477 34.4 601 Billy Folly 327 65 16 81 246 32.9 602 Cay Bay 1869 362 41 403 1466 27.5 603 Diamond 985 240 35 275 710 38.7 604 Lagoon 1765 477 32 509 1256 40.5 605 Orange Grove 803 192 31 223 580 38.4 606 Windsor 297 7 3 11 84 213 39.4 701 Simpson Bay Village 572 128 18 146 426 34.3 702 Beacon Hill 164 33 12 45 119 37.8 801 Low lands 232 42 14 56 176 31.8 Nr 153 Sint Maarten 30594 7912 924 8836 21605 40.9

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75 Area code Neighbourhood % Elderly (65+) %Youth (0 14jr) Male Female Sex ratio 101 Phillipsburg 8.9 22.4 583 644 110.5 201 Defiance 1.9 25.1 105 110 104.8 202 Guana Bay 4.0 23.3 100 102 102.0 203 Over the Bank 1.4 22.8 146 138 94.5 204 Oysterpond 4.1 21.9 98 99 101.0 205 Pointe Blanche 3.8 20.4 478 4 38 91.6 206 Sucker Garden 2.6 27.4 1037 1170 112.8 301 Belvedere 0.8 38.9 584 779 133.4 302 Dutch Quarter 2.0 27.0 718 771 107.4 303 Madame's Estate 3.8 20.6 345 295 85.5 304 Middle Region 3.1 27.5 967 963 99.6 305 Mount William 2.4 28.5 219 241 110. 0 306 Nazareth 1.1 32.9 540 635 117.6 307 Over the Pond 2.7 22.6 318 384 120.8 308 Zorg en Rust 1.6 31.6 184 181 98.4 401 Betty's Estate 1.1 25.9 177 202 114.1 402 Ebenezer 1.5 33.0 392 451 115.1 403 Reward 3.6 27.2 390 488 125.1 404 Saunders 5.4 24 .0 674 633 93.9 405 Sentry Hill 2.2 24.7 846 821 97.0 406 St. Peters 3.1 27.5 1320 1486 112.6 501 Cay Hill 3.1 25.5 717 818 114.1 502 Fort Willem 4.1 21.5 327 314 96.0 601 Billy Folly 4.9 19.9 178 149 83.7 602 Cay Bay 2.2 19.4 1010 859 85.0 603 Diam ond 3.6 24.4 489 495 101.2 604 Lagoon 1.8 27.0 863 902 104.5 605 Orange Grove 3.9 23.9 378 425 112.4 606 Windsor 3.7 24.6 143 154 107.7 701 Simpson Bay Village 3.1 22.4 278 294 105.8 702 Beacon Hill 7.3 20.1 79 85 107.6 801 Low lands 6.0 18.1 126 106 84.1 Nr Sint Maarten 3.0 26 14809 15632 105.6

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76 Area code Neighbourhood Female head HH (abs.) Households (abs.) Household income % Female head HH Migration plans 18 24 jr (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 190 466 2837 40.8 6 201 Defiance 33 74 4195 44.6 2 202 Guana Bay 23 85 6406 27.1 3 203 Over the Bank 43 126 1853 34.1 4 204 Oysterpond 10 75 10722 13.3 1 205 Pointe Blanche 89 328 6766 27.1 14 206 Sucker Garden 321 857 2674 37.5 11 301 Belvedere 248 449 3215 55.2 8 302 Dutch Quarter 185 565 2362 32.7 17 303 Madame's Estate 61 239 4471 25.5 5 304 Middle Region 282 758 2521 37.2 16 305 Mount William 48 154 3953 31.2 1 306 Nazareth 128 363 3737 35.3 10 307 Over the Pond 108 298 2755 36.2 11 308 Zorg en Rust 35 124 2573 28.2 4 401 Betty's Estat e 46 134 5071 34.3 3 402 Ebenezer 89 258 5337 34.5 4 403 Reward 138 311 3542 44.4 5 404 Saunders 125 439 5585 28.5 18 405 Sentry Hill 208 667 2834 31.2 9 406 St. Peters 394 1059 3509 37.2 15 501 Cay Hill 213 572 4216 37.2 15 502 Fort Willem 95 258 3 950 36.8 9 601 Billy Folly 24 134 8536 17.9 12 602 Cay Bay 273 902 2411 30.3 11 603 Diamond 111 375 4956 29.6 11 604 Lagoon 200 665 3406 30.1 26 605 Orange Grove 101 313 3459 32.3 4 606 Windsor 43 125 3506 34.4 6 701 Simpson Bay Village 85 235 6452 36.2 9 702 Beacon Hill 17 68 6985 25.0 7 801 Low lands 26 116 7094 22.4 19 Nr 135 Sint Maarten 3992 11727 3896 34.2 296

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77 Area code Neighbourhood 18 24jr (abs.) % Migration plans 18 24 Migration plans (abs.) % Migration plans Unemployed (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 81 7.4 50 4.1 88 201 Defiance 17 11.8 9 4.2 10 202 Guana Bay 8 37.5 16 7.9 4 203 Over the Bank 32 12.5 23 8.1 22 204 Oysterpond 6 16.7 45 23.0 3 205 Pointe Blanche 74 18.9 113 12.3 48 206 Sucker Garden 170 6.5 72 3.3 164 301 Belve dere 99 8.1 50 3.7 81 302 Dutch Quarter 130 13.1 92 6.2 142 303 Madame's Estate 58 8.6 37 5.8 30 304 Middle Region 157 10.2 101 5.2 233 305 Mount William 31 3.2 42 9.2 31 306 Nazareth 93 10.8 69 5.9 86 307 Over the Pond 64 17.2 64 9.1 79 308 Zorg en Rust 24 16.7 26 7.1 15 401 Betty's Estate 32 9.4 11 2.9 17 402 Ebenezer 50 8.0 37 4.4 33 403 Reward 76 6.6 62 7.1 48 404 Saunders 112 16.1 83 6.4 68 405 Sentry Hill 133 6.8 77 4.6 135 406 St. Peters 203 7.4 109 3.9 224 501 Cay Hill 118 12.7 140 9.1 91 502 Fort Willem 68 13.2 66 10.3 58 601 Billy Folly 21 57.1 57 17.4 5 602 Cay Bay 141 7.8 113 6.0 271 603 Diamond 77 14.3 56 5.7 63 604 Lagoon 115 22.6 163 9.2 129 605 Orange Grove 73 5.5 36 4.5 50 606 Windsor 21 28.6 24 8.1 12 701 Simpson Bay V illage 49 18.4 67 11.7 32 702 Beacon Hill 11 63.6 36 22.0 2 801 Low lands 25 76.0 76 32.8 7 Nr Sint Maarten 2369 12.5 2022 6.6 2281

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78 Area code Neighbourhood Working (abs.) Real labour force (abs.) % Unemployed 1 year or longer unemployed (abs. ) 101 Phillipsburg 617 705 12.5 31 201 Defiance 115 125 8.0 2 202 Guana Bay 111 115 3.5 1 203 Over the Bank 162 184 12.0 9 204 Oysterpond 108 111 2.7 205 Pointe Blanche 501 549 8.7 4 206 Sucker Garden 1133 1297 12.6 43 301 Belvedere 637 718 11.3 1 8 302 Dutch Quarter 719 861 16.5 48 303 Madame's Estate 362 392 7.7 6 304 Middle Region 921 1154 20.2 58 305 Mount William 236 267 11.6 6 306 Nazareth 546 632 13.6 34 307 Over the Pond 386 465 17.0 16 308 Zorg en Rust 193 208 7.2 1 401 Betty's Esta te 209 226 7.5 1 402 Ebenezer 433 466 7.1 6 403 Reward 441 489 9.8 20 404 Saunders 689 757 9.0 25 405 Sentry Hill 938 1073 12.6 45 406 St. Peters 1419 1643 13.6 45 501 Cay Hill 842 933 9.8 20 502 Fort Willem 358 416 13.9 13 601 Billy Folly 151 156 3.2 602 Cay Bay 1029 1300 20.8 34 603 Diamond 538 601 10.5 11 604 Lagoon 930 1059 12.2 24 605 Orange Grove 426 476 10.5 7 606 Windsor 161 173 6.9 1 701 Simpson Bay Village 295 327 9.8 10 702 Beacon Hill 90 92 2.2 1 801 Low lands 92 99 7.1 Nr Sint Maarten 15788 18069 12.6 540

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79 Area code Neighbourhood % Longer unemployed Income of employed Average age School attending population 15 19jr (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 35.2 1351 33.8 44 201 Defiance 20.0 1991 28.8 19 202 Guana Bay 25.0 3505 34 .5 5 203 Over the Bank 40.9 1093 29.8 5 204 Oysterpond 4323 34.6 7 205 Pointe Blanche 8.3 3018 32.1 33 206 Sucker Garden 26.2 1405 29.8 100 301 Belvedere 22.2 1726 23.6 65 302 Dutch Quarter 33.8 1159 29.0 69 303 Madame's Estate 20.0 2167 32.0 29 304 Middle Region 24.9 1278 29.5 78 305 Mount William 19.4 1866 28.6 18 306 Nazareth 39.5 1885 26.4 59 307 Over the Pond 20.3 1444 31.4 22 308 Zorg en Rust 6.7 1342 26.8 15 401 Betty's Estate 5.9 2437 28.5 28 402 Ebenezer 18.2 2564 27.5 53 403 Rewar d 41.7 1784 30.0 54 404 Saunders 36.8 2422 31.6 59 405 Sentry Hill 33.3 1451 30.2 66 406 St. Peters 20.1 1801 29.6 132 501 Cay Hill 22.0 1959 30.4 75 502 Fort Willem 22.4 1986 31.4 32 601 Billy Folly 4365 34.4 16 602 Cay Bay 12.5 1239 32.2 40 603 Diamond 17.5 2506 31.2 40 604 Lagoon 18.6 1751 29.7 61 605 Orange Grove 14.0 1793 30.5 31 606 Windsor 8.3 1873 31.7 9 701 Simpson Bay Village 31.3 3289 32.4 23 702 Beacon Hill 50.0 3471 34.9 7 801 Low lands 3790 33.3 3 Nr Sint Maarten 24.3 2138 30.7 1297

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80 Area code Neighbourhood Population 15 19jr (abs.) % School attendance 15 19 years School attendance 0 3jr (abs.) Population 0 3jr (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 67 65.7 24 80 201 Defiance 25 76.0 7 13 202 Guana Bay 8 62.5 8 11 203 Over th e Bank 12 41.7 7 22 204 Oysterpond 9 77.8 5 8 205 Pointe Blanche 44 75.0 36 69 206 Sucker Garden 158 63.3 63 159 301 Belvedere 87 74.7 72 150 302 Dutch Quarter 103 67.0 22 104 303 Madame's Estate 36 80.6 6 38 304 Middle Region 125 62.4 49 156 305 M ount William 30 60.0 17 38 306 Nazareth 87 67.8 32 94 307 Over the Pond 41 53.7 18 39 308 Zorg en Rust 25 60.0 6 29 401 Betty's Estate 35 80.0 16 34 402 Ebenezer 66 80.3 43 73 403 Reward 76 71.1 30 64 404 Saunders 84 70.2 39 93 405 Sentry Hill 96 6 8.8 56 113 406 St. Peters 177 74.6 116 215 501 Cay Hill 104 72.1 45 103 502 Fort Willem 45 71.1 17 38 601 Billy Folly 16 100.0 6 19 602 Cay Bay 79 50.6 45 95 603 Diamond 60 66.7 32 75 604 Lagoon 89 68.5 51 130 605 Orange Grove 45 68.9 17 43 606 Wi ndsor 11 81.8 4 15 701 Simpson Bay Village 31 74.2 15 32 702 Beacon Hill 8 87.5 4 12 801 Low lands 4 75.0 6 14 Nr Sint Maarten 1883 68.9 914 2178

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81 Area code Neighbourhood % Kindergarten Drop out 15 24j years No school attending population 15 24 years % Drop out youth 101 Phillipsburg 30.0 33 79 41.8 201 Defiance 53.8 202 Guana Bay 72.7 203 Over the Bank 31.8 12 30 40.8 204 Oysterpond 62.5 205 Pointe Blanche 52.2 18 69 26.1 206 Sucker Garden 39.6 78 161 48.4 301 Bel vedere 48.0 26 92 28.3 302 Dutch Quarter 21.2 52 118 44.1 303 Madame's Estate 15.8 17 50 34.0 304 Middle Region 31.4 86 157 54.8 305 Mount William 44.7 11 34 32.4 306 Nazareth 34.0 37 88 42.0 307 Over the Pond 46.2 22 59 37.3 308 Zorg en Rust 20.7 7 24 29.2 401 Betty's Estate 47.1 3 29 10.3 402 Ebenezer 58.9 10 43 23.3 403 Reward 46.9 28 67 41.8 404 Saunders 41.9 39 101 38.6 405 Sentry Hill 49.6 68 127 53.5 406 St. Peters 54.0 73 181 40.3 501 Cay Hill 43.7 24 113 21.2 502 Fort Willem 44.7 28 69 40.6 601 Billy Folly 31.6 602 Cay Bay 47.4 65 147 44.2 603 Diamond 42.7 25 67 37.3 604 Lagoon 39.2 38 109 34.9 605 Orange Grove 39.5 20 69 29.0 606 Windsor 26.7 3 21 14.3 701 Simpson Bay Village 46.9 13 40 32.5 702 Beacon Hill 33.3 801 Low lands 42.9 Nr Sint Maarten 42.0 845 2198 38.4

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82 Area code Neighbourhoods Roman Catholics (abs.) % Roman Catholics High level of education (abs.) Low level of education (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 528 43.0 252 656 201 Defiance 92 42.8 55 87 202 Guana Bay 83 41.1 89 59 203 Over the Bank 110 38.6 32 184 204 Oysterpond 86 43.9 103 43 205 Pointe Blanche 357 39.0 407 287 206 Sucker Garden 874 39.6 268 1233 301 Belvedere 597 43.8 275 489 302 Dutch Quarter 572 38.4 175 841 303 Madame's Estate 246 38.4 212 265 304 Middle Region 696 36.1 195 1125 305 Mount William 150 32.7 91 217 306 Nazareth 386 32.9 209 517 307 Over the Pond 319 45.4 152 368 308 Zorg en Rust 106 29.1 34 199 401 Betty's Estate 129 34.0 129 124 402 Ebenezer 324 38. 4 247 263 403 Reward 389 44.3 154 428 404 Saunders 505 38.6 440 488 405 Sentry Hill 715 42.9 259 930 406 St. Peters 1171 41.7 588 1309 501 Cay Hill 546 35.6 447 618 502 Fort Willem 248 38.7 145 325 601 Billy Folly 141 43.1 165 57 602 Cay Bay 630 33 .7 313 1150 603 Diamond 381 38.7 316 383 604 Lagoon 731 41.4 436 769 605 Orange Grove 279 34.7 183 396 606 Windsor 136 45.8 72 143 701 Simpson Bay Village 326 57.0 223 190 702 Beacon Hill 71 43.3 92 27 801 Low lands 104 44.8 111 22 Nr Total 12028 39.3 6869 14192

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83 Area code Neighbourhood High/100 low educated Unemployed youth Working youth Labour force youth 101 Phillipsburg 38 19 44 63 201 Defiance 63 202 Guana Bay 151 203 Over the Bank 17 204 Oysterpond 240 20 5 Pointe Blanche 142 206 Sucker Garden 22 35 107 142 301 Belvedere 56 15 66 81 302 Dutch Quarter 21 25 80 105 303 Madame's Estate 80 11 41 52 304 Middle Region 17 58 87 145 305 Mount William 42 306 Nazareth 40 21 56 77 307 Over the Pond 41 21 38 59 308 Zorg en Rust 17 401 Betty's Estate 104 402 Ebenezer 94 403 Reward 36 13 45 58 404 Saunders 90 17 77 94 405 Sentry Hill 28 25 89 114 406 St. Peters 45 50 115 165 501 Cay Hill 72 24 85 109 502 Fort Willem 45 19 50 69 601 Billy Folly 289 602 Cay Bay 27 31 88 119 603 Diamond 83 13 51 64 604 Lagoon 57 31 74 105 605 Orange Grove 46 16 43 59 606 Windsor 50 701 Simpson Bay Village 117 702 Beacon Hill 341 801 Low lands 505 Nr Sint Maarten 48 444 1236 1680

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84 Area code Neighbourhood % Youth unemployment Non religious (abs.) % Non religious Social welfare (abs.) Employed with income (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 30.2 53 4.3 9 679 201 Defiance 11 5.1 202 Guana Bay 41 20.3 203 Over the Bank 21 7.4 3 173 204 Oysterpond 43 21.9 205 Pointe Blanche 131 14.3 6 549 206 Sucker Garden 24.6 88 4.0 22 1237 301 Belvedere 18.5 54 4.0 13 652 302 Dutch Quarter 23.8 105 7.0 14 802 303 Madame's Estate 21.2 75 11.7 3 388 304 Middle Region 40.0 116 6.0 35 1049 305 Mount William 45 9.8 5 252 306 Nazareth 27.3 91 7.7 11 574 307 Over the Pond 35.6 53 7.5 17 422 308 Zorg en Rust 19 5.2 1 182 401 Betty's Estate 10 2.6 1 219 402 Ebenezer 49 5.8 1 441 403 Reward 22. 4 52 5.9 15 496 404 Saunders 18.1 64 4.9 6 771 405 Sentry Hill 21.9 51 3.1 4 965 406 St. Peters 30.3 124 4.4 17 1543 501 Cay Hill 22.0 102 6.6 8 878 502 Fort Willem 27.5 55 8.6 6 382 601 Billy Folly 57 17.4 602 Cay Bay 26.1 128 6.8 6 1053 603 Diamond 20.3 70 7.1 6 569 604 Lagoon 29.5 109 6.2 8 950 605 Orange Grove 27.1 38 4.7 8 462 606 Windsor 6 2.0 1 178 701 Simpson Bay Village 71 12.4 5 343 702 Beacon Hill 42 25.6 801 Low lands 63 27.2 Nr 71 Sint Maarten 26.4 20 37 6.7 302 16209

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85 Area code Neighbourhood % Social Welfare Illiterate (abs.) No school attending population 15+ % Illiterate Foreign born (abs.) 101 Phillipsburg 1.3 35 901 3.9 843 201 Defiance 2 138 1.4 100 202 Guana Bay 1 145 0.7 127 203 Over the Bank 1.7 19 207 9.2 206 204 Oysterpond 137 205 Pointe Blanche 1.1 17 685 2.5 587 206 Sucker Garden 1.8 92 1486 6.2 1229 301 Belvedere 2.0 11 752 1.5 478 302 Dutch Quarter 1.7 63 1011 6.2 978 303 Madame's Estate 0.8 8 473 1.7 406 304 Midd le Region 3.3 84 1319 6.4 1171 305 Mount William 2.0 14 308 4.5 269 306 Nazareth 1.9 20 719 2.8 642 307 Over the Pond 4.0 31 515 6.0 451 308 Zorg en Rust 0.5 8 230 3.5 209 401 Betty's Estate 0.5 2 252 0.8 195 402 Ebenezer 0.2 5 503 1.0 323 403 Rewar d 3.0 19 578 3.3 340 404 Saunders 0.8 30 921 3.3 747 405 Sentry Hill 0.4 110 1184 9.3 1160 406 St. Peters 1.1 78 1877 4.2 1495 501 Cay Hill 0.9 26 1053 2.5 943 502 Fort Willem 1.6 15 463 3.2 410 601 Billy Folly 1 221 0.5 236 602 Cay Bay 0.6 43 145 1 3.0 1410 603 Diamond 1.1 25 696 3.6 575 604 Lagoon 0.8 48 1194 4.0 1103 605 Orange Grove 1.7 14 574 2.4 491 606 Windsor 0.6 8 207 3.9 172 701 Simpson Bay Village 1.5 9 410 2.2 356 702 Beacon Hill 89 801 Low lands 197 Nr To tal 1.4 838 20473 4.1 18075

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86 Area code Neighbourhood % Foreign born 13 14 15 jr at elementary Population 13 15 years % 13 15 yrs. at elementary 101 Phillipsburg 69 15 52 28.8 201 Defiance 47 202 Guana Bay 63 203 Over the Bank 72 20 4 Oysterpond 70 205 Pointe Blanche 64 5 40 12.5 206 Sucker Garden 56 31 115 27.0 301 Belvedere 35 19 78 24.4 302 Dutch Quarter 66 20 86 23.3 303 Madame's Estate 63 6 31 19.4 304 Middle Region 61 29 88 33.0 305 Mount William 59 306 Nazar eth 55 14 62 22.6 307 Over the Pond 64 9 28 32.1 308 Zorg en Rust 57 401 Betty's Estate 51 402 Ebenezer 38 7 53 13.2 403 Reward 39 11 53 20.8 404 Saunders 57 7 65 10.8 405 Sentry Hill 70 31 80 38.8 406 St. Peters 53 36 131 27.5 501 Cay Hill 61 12 70 17.1 502 Fort Willem 64 6 21 28.6 601 Billy Folly 72 602 Cay Bay 75 26 64 40.6 603 Diamond 58 5 38 13.2 604 Lagoon 62 22 71 31.0 605 Orange Grove 61 8 43 18.6 606 Windsor 58 701 Simpson Bay Village 62 8 28 28.6 702 Beaco n Hill 54 801 Low lands 85 Nr Sint Maarten 59.1 312 1297 24.1

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87 Area code Neighbourhood M living area Luxurious appliances score Basic appliances score Size of household 101 Phillipsburg 97 5.08 4.93 2.6 201 Defiance 138 6.62 4.9 3 2.9 202 Guana Bay 165 7.72 4.86 2.3 203 Over the Bank 55 4.34 4.83 2.2 204 Oysterpond 202 8.16 4.63 2.6 205 Pointe Blanche 147 7.11 4.84 2.8 206 Sucker Garden 80 4.97 4.73 2.5 301 Belvedere 82 5.71 4.98 3.0 302 Dutch Quarter 85 4.39 4.81 2.6 303 Madame's Estate 161 6.05 4.87 2.7 304 Middle Region 79 4.57 4.73 2.5 305 Mount William 102 5.60 4.80 3.0 306 Nazareth 92 5.64 4.95 3.2 307 Over the Pond 85 4.91 4.84 2.4 308 Zorg en Rust 87 4.93 4.80 2.9 401 Betty's Estate 126 6.62 4.95 2.8 402 Eben ezer 159 7.38 4.91 3.3 403 Reward 119 5.80 4.87 2.8 404 Saunders 151 6.53 4.90 3.0 405 Sentry Hill 68 4.37 4.69 2.5 406 St. Peters 95 5.32 4.85 2.6 501 Cay Hill 128 5.95 4.81 2.7 502 Fort Willem 85 5.40 4.90 2.5 601 Billy Folly 157 8.35 4.89 2.4 60 2 Cay Bay 67 4.09 4.82 2.1 603 Diamond 161 6.14 4.91 2.6 604 Lagoon 113 5.45 4.78 2.6 605 Orange Grove 109 5.14 4.85 2.5 606 Windsor 125 5.35 4.82 2.4 701 Simpson Bay Village 93 5.91 4.63 2.4 702 Beacon Hill 139 7.57 4.99 2.4 801 Low lands 110 6.44 4.91 2.0 Nr Sint Maarten 114 5.86 4.84 2.6

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88 Area code Neighbourhood % Living acc. In bad condition One person HH (abs.) % One person HH % One parent HH 101 Phillipsburg 14.3 158 33.9 7.1 201 Defiance 2.7 16 21.6 10.8 202 Guana Bay 2.3 24 28.2 4.7 203 Over the Bank 12.5 49 38.9 10.3 204 Oysterpond 13 17.3 2.7 205 Pointe Blanche 3.6 87 26.6 27.8 206 Sucker Garden 22.0 272 31.7 12.8 301 Belvedere 2.2 73 16.3 8.2 302 Dutch Quarter 11.5 179 31.8 3.0 303 Madame's Estate 6.7 64 26.8 33.1 30 4 Middle Region 21.4 264 34.8 1.3 305 Mount William 12.9 32 20.8 22.1 306 Nazareth 0.8 49 13.5 6.9 307 Over the Pond 14.4 102 34.2 2.3 308 Zorg en Rust 2.4 34 27.4 10.5 401 Betty's Estate 6.7 36 26.9 14.9 402 Ebenezer 1.9 38 14.7 12.4 403 Reward 9.6 76 24.4 5.8 404 Saunders 9.6 100 22.8 10.9 405 Sentry Hill 29.1 220 33.0 16.2 406 St. Peters 12.2 290 27.4 4.8 501 Cay Hill 5.9 150 26.2 3.0 502 Fort Willem 6.2 79 30.6 0.4 601 Billy Folly 1.5 35 26.1 31.3 602 Cay Bay 31.0 425 47.2 3.2 603 Diamond 7.4 96 25.6 14.7 604 Lagoon 18.2 192 28.9 3.0 605 Orange Grove 15.9 92 29.4 3.2 606 Windsor 11.1 44 35.2 13.6 701 Simpson Bay Village 3.8 73 31.1 1.3 702 Beacon Hill 5.9 17 25.0 2.9 801 Low lands 49 42.2 6.9 Nr Sint Maarten 13.6 3428 29.6 8.3

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89 Area code Neighbourhood Owned acc. Rented acc. Rented/Owned ratio Income of renters Amount of rent in Guilders % Rent paid of income 101 Phillipsburg 179 287 1.6 2610 607 23.3 201 Defiance 37 38 1.0 4017 771 19.2 202 Guana Bay 59 27 0.5 4944 13 53 27.4 203 Over the Bank 42 86 2.0 1840 317 17.2 204 Oysterpond 53 23 0.4 11398 2112 18.5 205 Pointe Blanche 147 185 1.3 6079 1250 20.6 206 Sucker Garden 274 597 2.2 2382 446 18.7 301 Belvedere 2 449 224.5 3280 743 22.7 302 Dutch Quarter 230 336 1.5 2361 410 17.4 303 Madame's Estate 102 137 1.3 3824 799 20.9 304 Middle Region 307 455 1.5 2226 372 16.7 305 Mount William 64 90 1.4 3431 597 17.4 306 Nazareth 115 249 2.2 3485 563 16.2 307 Over the Pond 98 201 2.1 2729 545 20.0 308 Zorg en Rust 38 8 6 2.3 2686 464 17.3 401 Betty's Estate 46 88 1.9 4118 879 21.3 402 Ebenezer 199 59 0.3 5622 967 17.2 403 Reward 147 164 1.1 3607 681 18.9 404 Saunders 184 255 1.4 4522 912 20.2 405 Sentry Hill 239 428 1.8 2551 442 17.3 406 St. Peters 427 632 1.5 3383 544 16.1 501 Cay Hill 202 370 1.8 3909 848 21.7 502 Fort Willem 88 170 1.9 3700 647 17.5 601 Billy Folly 55 79 1.4 8439 2165 25.7 602 Cay Bay 157 750 4.8 2227 411 18.5 603 Diamond 137 240 1.8 4356 791 18.2 604 Lagoon 274 396 1.4 3194 720 22.5 605 O range Grove 106 209 2.0 3399 576 16.9 606 Windsor 36 89 2.5 3718 678 18.2 701 Simpson Bay Village 98 137 1.4 5419 1041 19.2 702 Beacon Hill 33 35 1.1 6318 1610 25.5 801 Low lands 33 83 2.5 6254 1482 23.7 Nr Sint Maarten 4208 7430 1.8 4126 836 20.3

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90 Area code Neighbourhood English speaking HH % English speaking HH Working population Population not working Economic burden 101 Phillipsburg 294 62.8 603 624 103.5 201 Defiance 65 86.7 112 102 91.1 202 Guana Bay 58 67.4 104 97 93.3 203 Over the Bank 78 60.9 165 120 72.7 204 Oysterpond 46 60.5 102 94 92.2 205 Pointe Blanche 211 63.4 486 430 88.5 206 Sucker Garden 545 62.6 1104 1103 99.9 301 Belvedere 378 83.8 619 744 120.2 302 Dutch Quarter 384 67.5 712 777 109.1 303 Madame's Estate 156 65.0 364 276 75.8 304 Middle Region 523 68.7 886 1041 117.5 305 Mount William 101 65.2 232 227 97.8 306 Nazareth 283 77.7 530 645 121.7 307 Over the Pond 190 63.5 366 334 91.3 308 Zorg en Rust 85 68.5 187 177 94.7 401 Betty's Estate 103 76.9 204 175 85.8 402 Ebenezer 213 82.6 430 413 96.0 403 Reward 232 74.6 437 441 100.9 404 Saunders 312 71.1 680 627 92.2 405 Sentry Hill 326 48.9 922 745 80.8 406 St. Peters 715 67.5 1396 1410 101.0 501 Cay Hill 385 67.3 821 714 87.0 502 Fort Willem 180 69.8 34 8 293 84.2 601 Billy Folly 91 67.4 150 177 118.0 602 Cay Bay 312 34.4 980 889 90.7 603 Diamond 245 65.0 524 461 88.0 604 Lagoon 387 57.8 907 858 94.6 605 Orange Grove 207 65.7 423 380 89.8 606 Windsor 83 65.9 157 140 89.2 701 Simpson Bay Village 167 71.1 286 286 100.0 702 Beacon Hill 50 73.5 91 73 80.2 801 Low lands 82 70.7 90 142 157.8 Nr Sint Maarten 7487 64.3 15418 15015 97.4