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Geodata 2001, Saba & Sint.Eustatius, Census 2001

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Geodata 2001, Saba & Sint.Eustatius, Census 2001

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 2 Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius Socio economic aspects placed in a spatial context Central Bureau of Statistics Willemstad, May 2007

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 3 Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius, Netherlands Antilles: Socio economic aspec ts placed in a spatial context Price: NAf. 30. Central Bureau of Statistics Fort Amsterdam z/n Tel.: (599 9) 4611031 Fax.: (599 9) 4611696 E mail:info@cbs.an Website: www.cbs.an Bonaire Kaya Gobernador Debrot 41 Bonair e, Netherlands Antilles Tel.: (599 7) 178676 Fax.: (599 7) 178406 E mail: cbs.bon@telbonet.an Sint Maarten W.G. Buncamperroad 33 Sint Maarten, Netherlands Antilles Tel.: (599 5) 422355 Fax.: (599 5) 423022 E mai l: info@cbs.an ISBN: Central Bureau of Statistics, 2007 Willemstad, Curaao, Netherlands Antilles The contents of this publication may be quoted provided the source is given accurately and clearly. Reproduction fo r own / internal use is permitted.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 4 Preface The Central Bureau of Statistics Netherlands Antilles (CBS) presents the first thematic publication based on geographical data of Sint Eustatius and Saba. This product is based on the results of the Popula tion and Housing Census held in 2001. T his publication present s spatial data on the level of neighborhoods for Sint Eustatius and on the level of zones for Saba. By using data on the smallest possible geographical units, users of this data, in specific planners, developers and policy decision makers, will be aided in targeting population issues in more detail. For Sint Eustatius the number of observations per neighborhood made it possible to break the data down to this level. Due to its limited geogra phical size and hence the limited nu m ber of observations on smaller geographical units, data for Saba has to be presented on the zone level. Unfortunately since there are no digital maps available for Saba and Sint Eustatius, tables instead of maps are used to present the data. This publication is compiled by Drs. Sean de Boer, who is responsible for the dissemin a tion of the Census data at the Central Bureau of Statistics. Special thanks go to all who in one way or the other contributed to the com pilation of the data The Director Drs. Francis Vierbergen

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 5

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 6 Table of contents P r eface 4 General introduction 10 Alphabetical list of concepts and definitions 11 1 Population issues of Saba 16 1.1 Size and density of the population of Saba 16 1.2 Population by sex and age 17 1.3 Origin of the population and the most spo ken language 19 1.4 Religion 20 2 Economic situation of the population in Saba 22 2.1 General 22 2.2 The employed population 23 2.3 Unemployment 23 2.4 Average income of the employed population and average household income 24 3 Education in Saba 25 3 .1 General 25 3.2 School participation in Saba 25 3.3 Level of education 26 4 Living accommodation and household situation in Saba 27 4.1 Stock of dwellings and the area for living purposes 27 4.2 Living accommodations, occupancy rate and size of households 27 4.3 Right of ownership, the monthly rent paid and the ratio between rent and the household income 28 4.4 Presence of basic and luxury appliances in the living accommodations 29 4.5 Composition of households 29 4.5.1 Female headed households 30 4.5.2 One person households 30 4.5.3 Single parent households 31 5 Socio economic overview of Saba 32 6 Population issues of Sint Eustatius 33 6.1 Size of the population of Sint Eustatius 33 6.2 Population by sex and age 34 6.3 Origin of the populatio n and the most spoken language 36 6.4 Religion 38 7 Economic situation of the population in Sint Eustatius 39 7.1 General 39 7.2 The employed population 40 7.3 Unemployment 40 7.4 Average income of the employed population and average household income 41 8 Education in Sint Eustatius 43 8.1 General 43 8.2 School participation in Sint Eustatius 43 8.3 Level of education 43 8.4 Drop out rate of the youth 44 9 Living accommodation and household situation in Sint Eustatius 46 9.1 Stock of dwellings and the area for living purposes 46 9.2 Living accommodations, occupancy rate and size of households 47 9.3 Adequacy of living accommodations 47

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 7 9.4 Right of ownership, the monthly rent paid and the ratio between rent and the household income 48 9.5 Presence of basic and luxury appliances in the living accommodations 50 9.6 Composition of households 50 9.6.1 Female headed households 51 9.6.2 One person households 52 9.6.3 Single parent household s 52 10 Socio economic overview of Sint Eustatius 54 Appendix 55 List of table s Table 1: Population by gender, sex ratio and zone, Saba ................................ ..................... 17 Table 2: Relative age distribution and demoghraphic burden by zone, Sab a ...................... 19 Table 3: Foreign born population and most spoken language of households by zones, Saba ................................ ................................ ................................ ....................... 20 Table 4: Economic burden, Saba ................................ ................................ .......................... 23 Table 5: Status in employment, Saba ................................ ................................ ................... 23 Table 6: Labor force and unemployment, Saba ................................ ................................ ... 24 Table 7: The average income, Saba ................................ ................................ ..................... 24 Tabel 8: Level of education and illiteracy, Saba ................................ ................................ .. 26 Table 9: Total number of dwellings, Saba ................................ ................................ ........... 27 Table 10: Area for living purposes and household size, Saba ................................ ............. 27 Table 11: Rented accommodations agai nst in property accommodations, Saba ................. 28 Table 12: Average rent paid and home appliances, Saba ................................ ..................... 28 Table 13: Female headed househo lds, Saba ................................ ................................ ......... 30 Table 14: One person households, Saba ................................ ................................ ............... 31 Table 15: One parent households, Saba ................................ ................................ ............... 31 Table 16: Socio economic score, Saba ................................ ................................ ................ 32 Table 17: Population by sex and sex ratio, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................... 34 Table 18: Age distribution and demographic burden per neighborhood, Sint Eustatius ..... 36 Table 19: Foreign born population, Sint Eustatius ................................ ............................... 37 Table 20: Percentages of English speaking households, Sint Eustatius ............................... 38 Table 21: Economic burden, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ......... 40 Table 22: Status in employment, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ... 40 Table 23: Unemployment rate, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ...... 41 Table 24: Average income, S int Eustatius ................................ ................................ ........... 42 Table 25: Level of education, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ........ 44 Table 26: Youth drop out rate, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ...... 45 Table 27: Stock of dwellings and space for living purposes, Sint Eustatius ........................ 46 Table 28: Occupancy of living accommodations, Sint Eustatius ................................ ......... 47 Table 29: Living accommodations in bad condition, Sint Eustatius ................................ .... 48 Table 30: In property living accommodations against rented a ccommodations, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ................................ ....... 49 Table 31: Average rent paid, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ ......... 49 Table 32: Home appliances, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ .......... 50 Table 33: Female headed households, Sint Eustatius ................................ .......................... 51 Table 34: One person households, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ 52 Table 35: One parent households, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ 53 Table 36: Socio economic score, Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ .. 54

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 8 List Of Figures Gr aph 1 Population of Saba ................................ ................................ ................................ 15 Graph 2 Sex Ratio in Saba ................................ ................................ ................................ ... 17 Graph 3 Relative Age Distribution, Saba ................................ ................................ ............ 17 Graph 4 Origin of the Population in Saba ................................ ................................ ........... 19 Graph 5 Economic Status of the Population, Saba ................................ .............................. 21 Graph 6 School Participation Rate, Saba ................................ ................................ ............. 24 Graph 7 Compositio n of Households, Saba ................................ ................................ ........ 2 9 G raph 8 Population of Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ .................. 3 2 Graph 9 Sex Ratio in Sint Eustatius ................................ ................................ .................... 33 Graph 10 Relative Age Distribution, Sint Eustatius ................................ ............................ 34 Graph 11 Origin of the Population in Sint Eustatius ................................ ........................... 36 Graph 12 Economic Status of the Population, Sint Eustatius ................................ ............. 38 Graph 13 School Participation Rate, Sint Eustatius ................................ ............................ 42 Graph 14 Composition of Households, Sint Eustatius ................................ ........................ 50

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 9

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 10 General i ntroduction In January 2001 the Central B ureau of Statistics conducted the F ourth P opulation and H ousing Census in t he Netherlands Antilles This publication contains spatially ordered data regarding the socio economic status and living conditions of the population of S aba and Sint Eustatius All themes in this publication refer primarily to the Census data of 2001. This publication presents spatial data on the level of neighborhoods for Sint Eustatius and on the level of zones for Saba. By using data on the smallest possible g eographical units, users of these data, in specific planners, developers and policy decision makers, will be aided in targeting population issues in more detail. For Sint Eustatius the number of observations per neighborhood made it possible to break the data down to this level. Due to its limited geographical size and hence the limited nu m ber of observations on smaller geographical units, data for Saba has to be presented on the zone level. Consequently, themes are presented for four zones for Saba and for thirteen neighborhoods in Sint Eustatius. Some of the topics can only be used as i ndica tive The reason for this is the fact that large parts of the population reside in densely concentrated areas whereas other parts reside in less densely concentrated areas but much greater in size. In some cases no significant data could be compile d for some of the neighborhoods. The se neighborhoods are therefore blanked out in the tables. Overall, the small scale of these islands must therefore be kept in mind when reading the results. This publication is sub divided into five chapters per island. Each chapter will discuss a main topic. The five main topics are: population issues, the economic situation, educational issues, households and living accommodations and lastly a chapter wi th an overall view of the socio economic situation in the neighbor hoods. It is important to recognize that the presented indicators in this publication cannot be co m pared with data derived from administrative sources. Often definitions used in administr a tive records differ from those used in the Census. In a number of cases data of 1992, 1997 and 2001 are presented to show developments These comparisons could not be made on the neighborhood level, because these data are not available from earlier Censuses. I t should be observed that this publication is mainly descr iptive of nature Profound anal y sis of relationships between variables are beyond the scope of this paper

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 11 Alphabetical l ist of concepts and definitions Adequacy of the living accommodation CBS defines the condition of a living accommodation as either A living accommodation is adequate whenever this accommodation does not need maint e nance or does need some minor maintenance. In case minor maintenance is needed, this can be done under regular or daily circumstances. A living accommodation is in bad condition if this living accommodation displays one or more defects, which ha ve to be repaired to ensure safe accommodation for its occupants. A living accommodation is in very bad condition if this living accommodation is d ecaying and the occup ants cannot be safely accommodated. The living accommodation is a threat to the health an d well being of its occupants. Average personal income of workers : T his is t he income of all employed persons summed up and divided by the tot al employed population. The employed population consists of all persons aged 15 years and older who worked at least 4 hours or had a job or business, in the week prior to the moment of the Census. Please note that for all geographical units a threshold of at least 50 empl oyed persons was used to calculate average income Average rent paid per accommodation: This is the average rent per month in Antillean Guilders. All rent in a neighborhood is summed up and divided by the sum of all the rented accommodati ons in that same partic u lar neighborhood. Basic appliances The Census defines basic appliances as appliances to provide in the basic needs. The fo l lowing appliances were investigated during the Census: The presence of a cooking facility in the living a ccommodation The connectivity to a water grid or water supply by a cistern The presence of a shower facility The presence and connectivity of a toilet to a water net The presence of electricity If an appliance is said to be present in the living accommod ation a score value of 1 is awarded. The maximum sc ore is then 5. Composition of households A household could comprise one person living by him/her self (one person household) or more persons living together in informal domestic relations

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 12 A criterion fo r is that mutual agreements have been made for the purchase of food and other living necessities and that everyone is using the main room of the house (e g the living room) and/or the kitchen together. CBS defines three main groups: A nuclear family, consist ing of either a couple with children, a couple wi thout chi l dren or a single parent with child ren. All these types can also accomodate one or more persons who are not related to the family 2 or more n uclear families living in one living accommodation possibly with one or more persons who are not related to these families No n nuclear households consisting of either one person living alone or m ore persons living together who are not family related. Constructed squa re meters for living purposes: The total surface in square meters of the built accommodation intended for living purposes, with the exception of the surface reserved for commercial activities, uncovered and open sidewalks, porches or garages. Demographic b urden: The population in the age categories 0 14 years and 65 years and older are summed up and divided by the potential labor force ( population 15 64 ye ars). The acquired figure is the n multiplied by one hundred T his ratio is also called the age depen dency ratio. The higher the ratio, the higher the proportion of the population that is dependent on the support of the (potential) active population. Drop out rate 15 24 years of age: This is the percentage of the out of school population aged 25 24 years without a seco n dary education diploma as part of the total out of school population in the same age cat e gory. Not all the neighborhoods met the criterion of at least 20 persons in the appropriate population. Economic burden: The total number of people wh o are not working is divided by the total number of people who during the Census had a job ( part time or full time ) or business, multiplied by one hundred. The larger the ratio the larger the share of the population dependant on the fina n cial support of the working population English speaking household units: This is the percentage of household units in which the occupan ts speak English most of the time, as part of the total number of household units on each island. Female headed households: This is th e percentage of female head s of household, as part of the total number of hous e hold units on each island. Foreign born population: The foreign born population consists of persons who are born neither in the Netherlands Antilles nor in Aruba as a percentag e of the total po p ulation on the island

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 13 Household income: The average income per household is calculated by summing up all individual income per neigh borhood and subsequently dividing this sum by the total number of households in that particular neighbor hood Illiteracy: A proxy approach is used in this analysis It is the percentage of the population 15 years and older not attending school with less than four years of elementary education as part the total population that is not attending school. In s ome neighborhoods n o illiterate persons were registered. Inhabited living accommodations in bad conditions: This is the percentage of inhabit ed living accommodations that are inadequate for living purposes, as part of the total number of inhabited living accommodations. Level of education: The population 15 years and older with a high er education is divided by the population in the same age category with a low er education, and subsequently multiplied by one hu n dred. Lower education includes first stage s econdary education and lower. Higher education comprises second stage secondary education or higher. Living accommodations and dwellings Besides the personal form, the Census also comprises a living accommodation form. According to the Census a living accommodation can be a building, part of a complex or parts of a building, built with any kind of material and which is designed or made adequate for living purposes. Only one household can occupy a living accommodation, per defin i tion. The Census of 2 001 offers also the possibility to identify the type of building for living purposes. In this case the building for living purposes can be for instance a house, or an apartment. This building is called a dwelling. A dwelling could therefore consist of more than one living accommodation. The total number of dwellings is per definition less than the total number of registered living accommodations. Luxurious appliances Luxurious appliances are defined as appliances that are not necessarily needed in a h ous e hold. These appliances are: A television set A video recorder A telephone One ore more mobile phones Cable or Satellite dish A refrigerator A washing machine A computer An internet connection A freezer

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 14 A fax machine Non religious population: This is the percentage of the population that is not affiliated to a religion. Number of inhabited dwellings per neighborhood: An inhabited dwelling is any construction that is used for livin g purposes. A dwelling can lodge more than one household and therefore c ould consist of more than one living a c commodation under the same roof. One person households: This is the percentage of household units consisting of one pers on only, as part of the total nu mber of household units. One parent households: This is the per centage of households which consists of one parent with a child or children under the 18 years of age, as part of the total number of household units. Children in the age category 18 years and older are considered capable enou gh to be financially not d e pen de nt. P resence of basic appliances: Five appliances to provide in the basic needs of households were identified in the Census: Connection to the water grid, presence of electricity, bathroom, cooking facility and toilet that can be drained. Each applianc e present in the accommodation is awarded a score of 1. The maximum score is therefore 5. This theme presents average scores per neighborhood. Presence of luxurious appliances: Th e average presence of in total 11 luxury appliances per geographical unit T hese appl i ances are: a TV a video recorder, a telephone, at least one mobile phone acquired by the unit, a cable connection, a satellite dish, a refrigerator, a washing machine, a computer, a freezer an internet connection and a fax machine. Population density: The t otal population per geographical unit is divided by the total square kilometers per unit T he acquired figure is rounded off Rented compared to in property accommodations: All rented accommodations in a geographical unit are summed up and subsequently d i vided by the total number of in property accommodations. Sex Ratio: The number of males is divided by the number of females and subsequently multiplied by one hundred. The sex ratio is expressed as the total number of ma les per 100 female s in the area. Size of household: The average size of the household equals the average occupation of the living accommod a tion. The total number of the popula tion in the neighborhood divided by the total number of living accommodati ons registered in an ar ea

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 15 Socio economic overview The following indicators are used in this analysis to describe the living conditions in a zone or neighborhood: The demographic burden The Economic Burden The relative health perception (Sint Eustatius only) The individual inc ome of the employed population The household income The u nemployment rate The average level of education The proportion of the living accommodations in a bad condition (Sint Eustatius only) Beca use of validity issues (these indicators do not contain suffi cient observations and are therefore left out of the total count), only 6 indicators are used for Saba. The unvalid ind i cators are the perception of health and the proportion of the living accommodations in a bad condition. Each indicator uses a scale w ith values between 1 and 4 (Saba) or 1 and 5 (Sint Eustatius) with the maximum value attached to the most unfavorable situation. If the demographic burden, for inst ance, is the highest, meaning the most unfavorable in a specific area, a score of 4 (Saba) or 5 (Sint Eustatius) is granted to that area The total sco re could the n be at the highest 24 / 40 and at the lowest 6 / 8 for Saba and Sint Eustatius respectively Unemployment rate: This is the p opulation 15 years and older that is out of work, is act ively looking for work and is ready to start working within two weeks or ready to start their own business within two weeks, divided by the labor force. The labor force is comprised of the employed and the unemployed population. Youth unemployment rate: T his is the number of unemployed youth (15 24 years of age) as a percentage of the youth labor force. Not all the areas could meet the criterion of at least 50 persons in the age cat e gory 15 24 years tha t are participating in the labor force.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 16 1 Population issues of Saba 1.1 Size and density of the population of Saba In 2001, the Census counted a total of 175,653 inhabitants in the Neth erlands Antilles O f th is total number 1,349 persons inhabit Saba. The population of Saba, therefore, represents nearly one percent (0.8%) of the total population of the Netherlands Antilles. If the size of the population of Saba in 2001 is compared with the size in 1997 (1,421) and the size in 1992 (1,130), one could conclude that the population increased by 219 inhabitan ts over nine years. The total average increase over nine years is therefore 19 percent ( 19.4 % to be exactly) meaning an average annual increase of 0.1 % per year Graph 1 Graph 1 shows the development of the size of the pop ulation, starting with the year 1930. The graph shows a significant drop between 1930 and 1960, followed by a period of virtual unchanged population figures. Between 1981 and 1997 the population started to grow again up to the level of 1930. Between 1997 a nd 2001 population numbers dropped again The population decline between 1930 and 1960 can be related to work migration triggered by the refinery activities on the L eeward Islands The upward move from 1992 onward can at least partly be explained by the e stablishment of the M edical school in Saba and the co n sequential influx of students and tutors from abroad. Population of S a ba 1930 2001 (index 1930 = 100) CBS, Census data 1930 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 i n dex

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 17 Tabl e 1: P opulation by gender, sex ratio and zone Saba Zone code Name of zone Population Male Female Sex ratio 01 Zion Hill 283 151 132 114.4 02 St. Johns 186 95 91 104.4 03 The Bottom 462 228 234 97.4 04 Windward Side 4 18 204 214 95.3 Total 1349 678 671 101.0 T able 1 shows the population in the zones. The most populated zones according to the t a ble are 03/The Bottom with 4 62 inhabitants and 04/Windward S ide with a total of 4 18 i n hab i tants. Z one 02/St. Johns, is the least inhabited with a population of 186 inhabitants. 1.2 Population by sex and age In Saba all data, since 1992 are influenced by the presence of foreign students attendi ng the Pre Medical S chool The following table illustrate s the proportion of foreign students in the Saban community and its effect on key population figures Sex ratio in Saba Census 2001 Male Female Sex Ratio Students of Pre Medical S chool 97 57 170 .2 Population (excl. Pre Med ical School ) 581 614 94.6 Total 678 671 101.0 In 2001 there were more men than women in Saba, if the foreign students are taken into account as part of the total population (s ee table above) while excluding them, there wou ld be more women than men. E ffect s of the for ei g n students (11.4% of the total population of Saba: 154 students on 1 349 inhabitants), are visible in all areas of the economy. Take for example the average income of t he working population. When income of the students is included in the calcul a tion, the median income is ANG 1 569 and the average income is ANG 2 058 If the i n come of the students is excluded from the calculation, the median income is ANG 1,375 and the average income is ANG 1 928 In Saba, almost fifty percent (49.7%) of the population is female. The graph on page 19 shows the sex ratio in Saba which is the number of males per 100 females

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 18 Graph 2 The female population, as it appears from graph 2 outnumbered the male population co n siderably in 1930 but the difference disappeared in the next 12 years. T hroughout the rest of the period relatively little variation can be observed. T able 1 above shows the sex ratio s in the zones. By analy z ing the table it can be co n cluded that the sex ratio is the highest in Zion Hill and St. Johns and the lowest in Win d ward Side G raph 3 displays the relative age distribution in Saba through out the Census years. Graph 3 Sex ratio in S a ba 1930 2001 CBS, Census data 1930 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 males/100 fem a les Relative age distribut i on S a ba CBS, Census data 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 0 14 15 64 65+

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 19 Considering the results shown in this graph (a steady drop in the category 0 14 years and an original increase followed by a drop thereafter for the 65 years and older category ) it can be concluded that migration has had its effects on the structure of the Saban popul a tion. Whe reas the ageing process (the increase of the share of the population 65 years and older) was counteracted by the influx of foreign students and their tutors after 1981 the de greening (the decrease of the population 0 14 years of age) continued during the whole p e riod. The developments in the age st ructure of the population had their influence on the dem o graphic burden or age dependency ratio. The Census registered in 1992 an age dependency ratio of 64 0 while in 2001 the dependency ratio was down to 46 3. T able 2 show s the zones St. Johns and The Bottom as the zones with the highest age d e pendency ratios and Zion Hill as the zone with the lowest age dependency ratio. Table 2: Relative age distribution and demographic burden by zone Saba Zone code Name of zone % Population 15 64 yrs. % Population 0 14 yrs. % Population 65+ yrs. Demographic bu r den 01 Zion Hill 72.1 18 7 9 2 38 7 02 St. Johns 66.6 29 1 5 3 52 4 03 The Bottom 66.2 20 6 13 2 51 0 04 Windward Side 69.3 18 7 12 0 44 1 Total 68 .3 20 8 10 9 46 3 A ge dependency for the zone St. Johns is m ore than average determined b y the share of youngsters and much less than average by the share of the elderly compared to the other zones. 1.3 Origin of the population and the most spoken langu age G raph 4 displays the origin of the population living in Saba where the outcomes of the 1992 census are compared to those of the census of 2001 The graph shows a substantial decrease of the proportion of the population born in Saba and a substantia l growth of the foreign born population 1 in Saba since 1992. The share of foreign born persons doubled from twenty to forty percent of the total population. The largest groups of foreign born persons are those born in the United States of America (11. 4%) and the Dominican Republic (4.6%) 1 Foreign born are citizens who where not born in either Aruba or the Netherlands Antilles.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 20 Graph 4 Table 3: F oreign born population and most spoken language of households by zones Saba Zone code Name of zone Foreign born % Foreign born % English speaking hous e holds 0 1 Zion Hill 110 38 9 92 3 02 St. Johns 71 38 2 86 8 03 The Bottom 172 37 2 87 3 04 Windward Side 186 44 4 89 5 Total 539 40 1 89 0 T able 3 displays a spatial distribution of the foreign born population The data shows Windward Side and The Bo ttom as the zones with the highest number of foreign born pe r sons But as a share of the total population only the zone Win d wardside ha s a higher than average percentage of foreign born population The most spoken language in Saba in 2001 is English (8 9 0 %). Compared to 1992 the share of households speaking English decreased by ten percentage points Other languages like Spanish, on the contrary, show a substantial increase in the same period As t able 3 shows, that variation of shares of English speak ing households per zone is li m ited. Only Zion Hill has a clear higher than average percentage of English speaking hous e holds 1 4 Religion About twenty different religions have been registered during the Census of 2001 in Saba T he Roman Catholic Church is still the largest with a representation of over fifty eight Origin of the population in S a ba 1992 2001 CBS, census d a ta S a ba 70,8% Elswh e re 19,9% Aruba and other N.A 9,3% S a ba 43,1% Elsewh e re 40,1% Aruba and other N.A 16,8%

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 21 pe r cent (58 4%) In 199 2 the Census registered sixty six percent c ompared to 1992 I t can be concluded that the share of Roman Catholic s within the population drop ped 7.6 percentage points be tween 1992 and 2001 Anglicans are the second largest religious group in Saba In 1992 the Census registered a share of eleven percent and in 2001 their share arose to over fourt een percent (14 4%) Ne v erth e less there is no significant difference when th e absolute figures are compared In 1992 their total number was 190 followers while in 2001 the Census registered 193 fo l lowers The same can be said for Roman Catholics with a total number of 738 followers in 1992 and 783 followers in 2001, a slight bu t insignificant increment of 45 It is w orth mentioning that the total number of people with no religion in Saba decreased from almost eight percent (7 5%) to five percent (5 2%) in 2001 This group represents the third largest share within the population

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 22 2 Economic situation of the population in Saba 2 1 General The economic situation of the population in Saba will be described by means of the e m ployed and the unemployed population, status in employment personal income and hous e hold income This cha pter will also deal with the economic burden of the economically a c tive population The following graph is a display of the economic status of the inhabitants of Saba throug h out the Census years Graph 5 The participation on the labor market of the age group 15 years and older increased su b stantially b etween 1960 and 1992 G raph 5 shows that the part icipation of the population in the labor force increased between 1960 and 1992 In the period thereafter, no substantial dev elopment s took place Between 1992 and 2001 the labor force remain ed p ractically constant with a share just below 50% of the total population T able 4 con tains data regarding the economic burden in Saba The economic burden is the share of the population that is not working, divided by the employed population According to the data in table 4, the highest economic burden can be found in the zones Windward Side and The Bottom. Economic status of the Populat i on S a ba CBS, Census data 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% emplo y ed unemplo y ed not act i ve

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 23 Table 4: E conomic burden Saba Zone code Name of zone Economic burden 0 1 Zion Hill 109 6 02 St. Johns 118 8 03 The Bottom 128 7 04 Windward Side 137 5 Total 125 6 2 2 The employed population The Census of 2001 registered 598 employed person s The following table g ives an insight in to the status of their employment an d makes a comparison with the data of 1992 and 1997. Table 5: S tatus in employment Saba 1992 1997 2001 Absolute % Absolute % Absolute % Employer 26 5 0 25 4 0 11 1 8 Self employed 58 11 1 75 12 1 108 18 1 Employee in permanent service 251 47 9 307 49 5 310 51 8 Employee in temporary service 107 20 4 117 18 9 92 15 4 Casual service or casual job 34 6 5 25 4 0 14 2 3 O n a contract 39 7 4 41 6 6 41 6 9 Others and unknown 9 1 7 30 4 9 22 3 7 Total 524 100 0 620 100 0 598 100 0 As shown in table 5 the employed population in Saba increased between 1992 and 1997 by 96 persons and decreas ed between 1997 and 2001 by 22 persons The total absolute growth over nine years is therefore just 74 persons While little significant growth took place in the e mployed population, more interesting shift s took place between the different employment categories Between 1992 and 2001 a clear shift took place from employees in temporary service t o wards employees in permanent service. Also, the number of self emplo yed doubled, i n creasing its share in total employment from 11 to 18 percent, whereas the number of e m ployers more than halved, diminishing its share from 5 to less than 2 percent. 2. 3 Unemployment For small entities, rather small changes in numbers may l ead to rather major changes in relative figures. Such is definitely the case for Saba In 2001, six percent of the labor force was unemployed Compared to the year 1997 (5.9%) and 1992 (4.2%), this is a n increase with respectively 0.2 and 1. 9 percentage points

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 24 Table 6: L abor force and unemployment Saba Zone code Name of zone Labor force Unemployed Unemplo y m ent rate 15+ % Unempl 15 24 yrs 01 Zion Hill 147 12 8 2 26 7 02 St. Johns 92 7 7 6 16 7 03 The Bottom 213 11 5 2 22 2 04 Windward Side 185 9 4 9 10 5 Total 637 39 6 1 18 6 The highest unemployment rates are found in the zones Zion Hill (8.2%) and St. Johns (7.6%), while the lowest unemployment rate s are found in the Bottom (5.2%) and Win d ward Side (4.9%) Y outh une mployment rates however are the highest in Zion Hill (26.7%) and the Bottom (22.2%) 2 4 A verage income of the employed population and average h ousehold income The working population in Saba has on averag e an income of 2,328 Antillean g uilders per each working indiv id ual (See table 7 on page 2 6 ) In 1992 the average ( in f lated ) income was 1,738 Antillean g uilders A spatial distribution of income shows that the zones St. Johns and Zion Hill have higher than average income whereas the Bottom and Windward The average household income in Saba amount ed in 2001 to 3,710 Antillean guilders per month This average income is based on all types of income and includes income s e arned by the staff, personnel and students of the medical school in Saba, which is part of the community of Saba since 1993 In 1992 an average income of 2,785 Antillean guilders was registered, signifying a growth of thirty three percent (33 2%) in nine years This growth is equivalent to 925 Antil lean g uilders Table 7: T he average income Saba Zone code Name of zone Average income of workers 2 Average income of households 01 Zion Hill 2,676 4,003 02 St. Johns 2,753 4,586 03 The Bottom 2,037 3,520 04 Windward Side 2,182 3,405 Total 2,328 3,710 The table above displays the household income per each zone According to the data the higher household incomes can be found in the zones St. Johns (4,586 ANG) and Zion Hill (4,003 ANG) The zones th erefore Win d ward Side (3,405 ANG) and The Bottom (3,520 ANG) 2 Inc ludes the income of students of the Pre Medical School. The same goes for the average household i n come.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 25 3 Education in Saba 3 1 General The educational situation of the population in Saba will be discussed by focusing on the school participation rate, the l evel of education of the out of sc hool population and the pe r centage of illiteracy When the Census figures are interpreted one need to keep in mind the fact that these ind i cators are based on definitions provided by international c ensus standards and are ther e fore not always comparab le with indicators based on administrative sources 3 2 School participation in Saba Graph 6 combines the school participation of the age group to which compulsory school attendance applies with relevant older ages and age groups who are also receiving any kind of daytime education As with other figures for Saba, small changes in numbers on education may lead to major relative changes Graph 6 S chool participation rates of the older age groups in Saba are, after 1992, cle arly infl u enced by t he presence of the Pre Medical S chool Comparing the data of the 1997 Census with the data of the 2001 Census it should be taken into consideration that the Census of 1997 took place by the end of the month of June, while the polling moment for the Census of 2001 was in January The difference in polling moment s could affect the interpretation of the data for certain age categories for instance, when vacation moments and other seasonal effects are considered Sc hool participation r a te Saba 1992 2001 CBS, Censusd a ta 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25+ 0 20 40 60 80 100 1992 1997 2001

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 26 For the age group 19 ye ars and older no school participation was registered in 1992. Saban students in these age groups had to l eave Saba to receive advanced education abroad. Pa r ticipation rates a fter 1992 signal the presence of foreign students at the Pre M ed ical S chool. 3 3 Level of education 3 The average level of education in Saba in 2001 is 47 3, meaning approximately 47 persons with a high er education per 100 persons with a low er education In 1992 the Census regi s tered an average level of 35 persons with a high er edu cation in relation to one hundred pe r sons with a low er education, a clear overall improvement in the av erage level of education The education ratio s differs substantially among the zones in Saba (See table 8 ) The hig h est ratio is found in the zone Win dward Side wi th an average level of 70 higher educated people against every 100 low er educated people The Bottom, on the contrary, sho ws a r a tio of 32 the lowest of all areas With the lowest education ratio, The Bottom also has the highest illiteracy rate, almost 12 percent, effectively pushing up the overall illiteracy rate of Saba to almost 5 percent. Tabel 8: L evel of education and illiteracy Saba Zone code Name of zone % Illiteracy Higher educated Low er educated High er /100 low er educated r a tio 01 Zion Hill 2 1 58 133 43 6 02 St. Johns 0 8 40 78 51 3 03 The Bottom 11 8 72 227 31 7 04 Windward Side 1 1 114 162 70 4 Total 4.9 284 600 47.3 3 The average level of education comprises persons of 15 years and older that have received at least a senior secondary education divided by persons tha t have no more than a junior secondary degree. The rate is subs e quently multiplied by one hundred, meaning the number of higher educated persons per hundred persons with a lower education.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 27 4 Living accommodation and household situation in Saba 4 1 Stock of dwellings and the area for livin g purposes The stock of dwellings in Saba amounts to 509 inhabited dwellings, 154 uninhabit ed dwel l ings and 33 dwellings under construction, according to the Census of 2001 The total stock therefore comprise s 663 private dwellings Most of the dwellings were constructed in Windward Side and The Bottom and most of the uninhabited dwellings can also be found in these areas Table 9: T otal number of dwellings Saba Zone code Name of zone Total dwellings Inhabited dwellings Uninhabited dwellings 01 Zion Hill 117 98 19 02 St. Johns 79 63 16 03 The Bottom 211 173 38 04 Windward Side 256 175 81 Total 663 509 154 The Census also collected information about the amount of living space in a dwelling (s ee table 10 ) The overall surface for living purposes implies all spaces for living purposes, excluding spaces for commercial goals, uncovered and open sidewalks, porches and g a rages Table 10: A rea for living purposes and household size Saba Zone code Name of zone Avg m for living purposes Avg size o f households 01 Zion Hill 83 2.42 02 St. Johns 118 2.74 03 The Bottom 97 2.44 04 Windward Side 111 2.20 Total 101 2.39 In Saba, the average surface for living purposes is 101 square meters T he dwellings in Saba are relatively small But on the ot her hand, if the household size is considered, e ach member of a household has on average over 42 square meters for own use The largest dwellings are constructed in the zones St. Johns and Windward Side, whereas the smallest dwellings are built in Zion Hi ll 4 2 Living accommodations, occupancy rate and size of hous e holds During the Census of 2001, 562 inhabited living accommodations (excluding the instit u tions) were registered In 1992 the Census registered 434 inhabited living accommod a tions, which m eans that the total amount has increased by 128 living accommodations The occupancy rate is calculated by the quotient between the total population and the total number of inhabited living accommodations, as it is determined that only one household

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 28 can inhabit a living accommodation The average occupancy rate therefore is equal to the average size of a household ( s ee table 10 above ) The average size of the households in Saba is approximately two persons (2 39) The Ce n sus of 1992, on the contrary, r egistered almost three persons per household (2 60) meaning a slight decrease in the average size of the households T he total number of households increased, whereas the size of households decreased, ind i cating the development of smaller households The size of the households is the largest in St Johns (2 74) and the smallest in Windward Side (2 20) (s ee table 10 ) 4 3 Right of ownership, the monthly rent paid and the ratio b e tween rent and the household income In Saba, forty seven percent of t he living accommodations were rented in 2001 In 1992 only twenty one percent were rented, meaning an increase of twenty six percentage points of the rented accommodations The next table shows a ratio between rented and owned a c commodations Table 11: R ented accommodations against in property accommodations Saba Zone code Name of zone Rented living a c commodations In property living acco m modations Rented/ In property ratio 01 Zion Hill 43 71 0,61 02 St. Johns 40 27 1,48 03 The Bottom 91 86 1,06 0 4 Windward Side 79 108 0,73 Total 253 292 0,87 The highest ratio of rented units is found in St. Johns In absolute terms the table shows 40 rented accommodations against 27 owned units The lowest ratio, on the contrary is found in Zion Hill where 43 rented units can be put against 71 owned accommodations In T he Bottom the equation is almost 50/50, showing 91 rented units against 86 owned units The average monthly rent that is paid in 2001 amounts to 702 Antillean g uilders ( s ee table 12). In 1992 the inhabitants of the rented units p aid an amount of 481 Antillean g uilders. If the latter is inflated by the average price index for the period 1992 2001, a total amount of 571 Antillean g uilders was paid in the past. A comparison of the inflated figur e for 1992 with the registered figure for 2001 shows an increase by almost twenty three percent (22.9%) in nine years. On average, this means an increment of 2.5% each year. Table 12: A verage rent paid and home appliances Saba Zone code Name of zone Ave rage rent Basic appliances Luxury appliances 01 Zion Hill 864,5 4,96 6,41 02 St. Johns 664,6 4,90 6,09 03 The Bottom 513,8 4,78 5,24 04 Windward Side 862,2 4,92 6,09 Total 701,6 4,88 5,88

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 29 The zones where the highest rents per mo nth are paid are Zio n Hill ( Naf. 865 ) and Win d ward Side ( Naf. 862) The lowest rent per month, on the contrary, compared to the islands average, is paid in The Bottom ( Naf. 514) 4 4 Presence of basic and luxury appliances 4 in the living a c commodations The average score f or the appliances in Saba is 4 88, meaning a high overall score when it comes to the presence of basic appliances in the living accommodations The highest scores regarding the presence of the basic appliances in living accommod a tions (s ee table 12 ) are found in Z ion Hill and Windward Side wheras the lowest score is found in The Bottom In Saba, the average score for the possession of luxury appliances is 5 88, meaning that the households possess less than half of the total number of luxury appliances th at are consi d ered by the Census (s ee table 12). The highest luxur y appliances score is found in Zion Hill (6 41), whereas the lowest is found in The Bottom (5 24) 4 5 Composition of households A comparison of the results of 2001 with the results of 19 92 leads to the conclusion that the overall composition of households in Saba has changed considerably since 1992, sho w ing, as stated before, moreover an inclination to no nuclei and smaller nuclei (eg 2 6 pe r sons in a household in 1992 to 2 4 persons in a household in 2001) In 2001 fifty four percent (54 2%) of the hou seholds consisted of one nucleus families a l most three percent (2 5%) of two or more nucleus r families and al m ost forty five percent (44 7%) of no nuc l eus families In 1992 almost sixty two percent (61 5%) were one n u cleus family households three percent (3 2%) were two or more nucle us families and over thirty five percent (35 3%) were no nucleus families As shown in the graph, one person households (33.5%) and couple with children (25 .5%) are by far the largest proportions of the household composition. 4 See definitions on page 11 and 14.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 30 Graph 7 4 5 1 Female head ed households In 2001, the Census registered almost thirty two percent (31 7%) of female s as head of household s Compa red to 1992 (28 3% ), the proportion increased by over three percentage points (3 4) The proportion of male therefore decreased Table 13: F emale headed households Saba Zone code Name of zone Female head % Female head 01 Zion Hill 19 16.2 02 St. Johns 17 25.0 03 The Bottom 83 43.9 04 Windward Side 60 31.6 Total 179 31.7 Differences between zones are apparent. T able 13 displays the highest percentage of f e male head s of household in The Bottom whereas the lowest percentage is found in Zion Hill 4 5 2 One person households International demographic studies have shown that people all over the world are living a more individual ized life The tendency is that households are getting smaller The development of smaller households in Saba is being o bserved since 1981 In 1981 the average size of household s was 2 9 and in 1992 this figure dropped to 2 6 persons per household In 1997 the average size was 2 4 persons per household and the 2001 Census registered the same size Composition of Hous e holds S a ba Source: census 2001 Couple with child 25,5% Couple wi thout child 17,9% One parent with child 9,4% 2 or more n u clei 2,5% One person hous e holds 33,5% No nuclear hou s holds 11,2%

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 31 Table 14: O ne person h ouseholds Saba Zone code Name of zone One persons households % One person households 01 Zion Hill 37 31.6 02 St. Johns 19 27.9 03 The Bottom 65 34.4 04 Windward Side 68 35.8 Total 189 33.5 T able 14 gives an overview of the number and shares of one person households In 2001, the Census registered almost thirty four percent (33 5%) of one person households I ts share was over thirty percent (30 4%) in 1992 meaning a slight increase of three percen t age points in nine years time The largest sh are s of one person households can be found in Windward Side and The Bo t tom whereas the lowest share is found in St. Johns (s ee table 14 ) 4 5 3 Single parent households A single parent household, with children under the age of 18, is generally consider ed vu l nerable. Children under the age of 18 need parental guidance and support while this single parent also has the responsibility to provide a household income. Table 15: Single parent households Saba Zone code Name of zone One parent households % O ne parent households 01 Zion Hill 3 2 6 02 St. Johns 8 11 8 03 The Bottom 9 4 8 04 Windward Side 6 3 2 Total 26 4 6 Table 15 shows that the number of single parent households is small in Saba, 26, just under five percent (4 6%) of all households Compared to 1992 (5.3%), little has changed. As the table shows, the division between the zones is rather uneven, but because of the small numbers, further analysis is statistically unwarrantable

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 32 5 Socio economic overview of Saba This chapter deals wit h a soci0 economic overview that is based on six Socio economic indicators 5 in Saba chosen by CBS to compose an over all index Table 16: S ocial economic score Saba Zone code Neighborhood Socio economic score Socio economic priority 03 The Botto m 19 High 04 Windward Side 13 Medium 02 St. Johns 11 Low 01 Zion Hill 11 Low The table above shows that when it comes to prioritizing on programs to alleviate socio economic issues, T he Bottom scores high on the composite index used, followed by Win d w ard Side as a medium priority zone. Both other zones have lower scores. 5 See concepts and definitions list on page 16

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 33 6 Population issues of Sint Eustatius 6 1 Size of the population of Sint Eustatius In 2001, the Census counted 175,653 inhabitants for the Netherlands Antilles Of th is total 2,292 persons inhabit Sint Eustatius The population of Sint Eustatius, therefore, represents a little over one percent (1 3%) of the total population in the Netherlands Antilles Comparing the size of the population of Sint Eustatius in 2001 with its size in 19 97 (2,192) and the size in 1992 (1,839) it becomes clear that throughout this period, the population grew by an average annual increase of 2.7%, with the main increase in the earlier part of the period (1992 1997). The presence of the Medical School in S int Eustatius (64 students) has less impact on the s ocio economic and demographic structure of the island compared with the situation in Saba, since the proportion of students is less than three percent (2.6%) of the total popul a tion. Including or excludi ng these students from calculations will not show significant di f ferences. Graph 8 Graph 8 gives an insight in to the development of the size of the population, starting with the year 1930 As t he graph shows, the population o f Sint Eustatius increased steadily, but with periods of accelerated growth between the years 1960 and 1972 and between 1981 and 1997 T able 17 shows the population in the neighborhoods in 2001 The most populated neighborhoods are 202/Golden Rock with 37 0 inhabitants, 401/Union with 298 inhab i tants, and the city of Oranjestad (consisting of Oranjestad Noord and Oranjestad Zuid) with a t o tal of 513 inhabitants The neighborhoods 701/Chapel Piece, 1001/Mountain and 501/Mansion, on the con trary, are the leas t inhabited with a population that varies between 56 and 71 inhabitants per neighborhood Population of Sint Eustat i us 1930 2001 (index 1930 = 100) CBS, Census data 1930 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0 50 100 150 200 250 i n dex

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 34 Table 17: P opulation by sex and sex ratio Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Population Male Female Sex ratio 101 Oranjestad Noord 261 133 128 103.9 102 Oranjestad Zuid 252 131 121 108.3 201 Concordia 155 82 73 112.3 202 Golden Rock 370 183 187 97.9 301 Jeems 118 58 60 96.7 401 Union 298 142 156 91.0 402 Wilton Farm 124 66 58 113.8 501 Mansion 71 36 35 102.9 601 Princess Garden 153 69 84 82.1 701 Chapel Piece 56 27 29 93.1 801 Cherry Tree 152 74 78 94.9 901 Bay brow 110 50 60 83.3 1001 Mountain 65 36 29 124.1 Not reported 107 51 56 Total 2292 1138 1154 98.6 6 2 Population by sex and age In Sint Eustatius, som ewhat over fifty percent (50 3%) of the population is female G raph 9 shows the sex ratio, and this is the number of males per 100 6 Between 1930 and 1981, t he female population outnumbered the male population, a l though their share declined steadily Bet ween 1981 en 2001 the ratio changed little, mo v ing around around 100, balancing the shares of both sexes. Graph 9 6 See concepts and definitions on page 15 Sex ratio in Sint Eustat i us 1930 2001 CBS, Census data 1930 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Males/100 Fem a les

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 35 T able 17 displays the sex ratio in the neighborhoods By analy z ing this table it can be co n cluded that the tota l number of males per 100 females is the highest in the neighborhoods 10 01/ Mountain and 402/Wilton Farm and the lowest in the neighborhood Princess Garden. G raph 10 displays the relative age distribution in Sint Eustatius through out Census years Graph 10 The graph shows a steady d ecline in the shares of both the 0 14 years and 65 years and older This see ming de ageing and de greening process can be explained by the population gr owth from 1960 onward, caused by im migration flows in the labor active age groups. The average age of the population registered in the 2001 Census is over thirty three years (33 3) against thirty six years (36.0 ) in 1992 The growth in the population in general, together with the developments in t he populat ion structure shown above, has its influence on the demographic burden I n 2001 the Census registered an age dependency ratio of 55 6 Compared to the ratio measured in 1992 (66.1), this mean s a significant decrease of the age dependency Table 18 shows the population structure by neighborhood. The neighborhoods Concordia, Jeems and Oranjestad Noord are the neighborhoods with the highest age dependency ratios and the neighborhoods Mansion, Cherry Tree and Union are the neighborhoods with the low est age dependency ratios. Another interesting fact is that for the neighborhood Princess Garden the age dependency is determined by youngsters alone. With the exception of Mountain, the dependency mainly consists of the younger in all neighborhoods, alt hough for Oranjestad Noord and Concordia the differences are smaller than in other areas. Relative age distribut i on S int Eustat i us CBS, Census data 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 0 14 15 64 65+

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 36 Table 18: A ge distribution and demographic burden per neighborhood Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood 0 14yrs 65+yrs 15 64 yrs. Dem o graphic burd en 101 Oranjestad Noord 55 46 160 63,1 102 Oranjestad Zuid 65 24 163 54,6 201 Concordia 39 26 90 72,2 202 Golden Rock 122 16 232 59,5 301 Jeems 39 7 72 63,9 401 Union 74 19 205 45,4 402 Wilton Farm 40 6 78 59,0 501 Mansion 12 5 54 3 1,2 601 Princess Garden 57 96 59,4 701 Chapel Piece 15 5 36 55,5 801 Cherry Tree 38 6 108 40,7 901 Bay brow 28 8 74 48,6 1001 Mountain 6 18 41 58,5 Not reported 30 13 64 Total 620 199 1473 55,6 6 3 Origin of the population and the mo st spoken language G raph 11 displays the origin of the population living in Sint Eustatius The diagram on the left side encompasses the data of 1992, while the diagram on the right side represents the data collected during the Census of 2001 The graph shows a growth of five percentage points ( 5 7 ) of the share of the foreign born population 7 in Sint Eustatius between 1992 and 2001 Of the thirty seven percent born elsewhere and living in Sint Eustatius in 2001 over twenty three percent (23 3%) was born in Saint Kitts & Nevis, almost fifteen percent (14 6%) in the Dominican Republic, almost twelve percent (11 7%) in the United States and seven percent (7 1%) in the Netherlands Table 19 displays the spatial distribution of the foreign born populati on. The neighbo r hoods Mountain, Cherry Tree and Oranjestad Zuid are the neighborhoods with the largest shares of the foreign born population (between 45 and 77%) and the neighborhoods Golden Rock, Princess Garden and Bay Brow are the neighborhoods with the lowest pe r centages of the foreign born population (less than 25%). 7 Foreign born are citizens who where not born in either Aruba or the Netherlands Antilles.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 37 Graph 11 Table 19: F oreign born population Sint Eustatius Neighborhood Foreign Born % Foreign born 101 Oranjestad Noord 106 40 6 102 Oranjestad Zui d 115 45 6 201 Concordia 60 38 7 202 Golden Rock 82 22 2 301 Jeems 43 36 4 401 Union 87 29 2 402 Wilton Farm 50 40 3 501 Mansion 23 32 4 601 Princess Garden 37 24 2 701 Chapel Piece 17 30 3 801 Cherry Tree 79 52 0 901 Bay Brow 27 24 5 1001 Mountain 50 76 9 Not reported 50 Total 826 36 0 The most spoken language by households in Sint Eustatius in 2001 is English (84 1%). Compared to 1992, its share decreased by almost seven percentage points (6 9) Foreign languages like Spanish, on the contrary, show since 1992 a substantial increase The share of h ouseholds that speak Spanish for instance, rose from 2 1 in 1992 to 5 8 percent in 2001, whereas households that speak other foreign languages rose from 1 2 to 4 4 percent. Table 20 displays the share of English speaking households by neighborhood. Jeems, Bay Brow, Concordia, Mountain and Princess garden are the neighborhoods with the highest percentage of English speaking households (90% or more), whereas the neighborhoods O ranjestad Noord, Union, and Oranjestad Zuid have the lowest percentage of English speaking households (less than 80%). Origin of the population in Sint Eust a tius 1992 2001 CBS, censusd a ta Sint Eustat i us 51,7% Aruba and other N .A 17,0% Elswh e re 31,3% Sint Eustat i us 45,8% Aruba and other N.A 17,2% Eslwh e re 37,0%

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 38 Table 20: P ercentages of English speaking households Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood % English speaking h ouseholds 101 Oranjestad Noord 73 4 102 Oranjestad Zuid 79 6 201 Concordia 92 4 202 Golden Rock 89 8 301 Jeems 97 7 401 Union 79 3 402 Wilton Farm 89 4 501 Mansion 80 0 601 Princess Garden 90 4 701 Chapel Piece 88 0 801 Cherry Tree 82 1 901 Bay Brow 95 2 1001 Mountain 91 6 Not reported Total 84 1 6 4 Religion Nineteen different reli gions were registered in the Census of 2001 in Sint Eustatius T he Methodist Church is the largest with a share of almost twenty eight percent ( 27 8%) In 1997 the Census registered twenty five percent and in 1992 thirty one percent Comparing the most re c ent Census es with the earlier Census es (in 1981 42% and in 1972 51% ), its share has drop ped considerably The second most widespread religion in Sint Eustatius is the Roman Catholic Church with a share of twenty five percent In 1997 the Census registered twenty three percent and in 1992 twenty two percent In the third place comes the Seventh D ay Adventists with a share of almost twenty one percent (20 8%) In 1997 an equal share was observed whereas in 1992 this share was twenty four percent

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 39 7 Economic situation of the population in Sint Eustatius 7 1 General The economic situation of the population in Sint Eustatius will be described by means of the employed and unemployed population, status in employment average income of the employed population and average household income This chapter will also deal with the economic burden of the economically active population G raph 12 is a d isplay of the economic status of the population of Sint Eustatius throughout the Census years Graph 12 Between 1972 and 1992, the participation of the population in the labor force grew consi d erably. After 1992, developmen ts were less pronounced. Table 21 covers data on the e conomic burden calculated by neighborhood. T he economic burden is the share of the population that is not working, divided by the employed popul a tion According to the data, the highest economic bur den can be found in the neighborhoods 202/Golden Rock and 101/Oranjestad Noord. The ratios in these neighborhoods exceed 140, much higher than the average for Sint Eustatius (120.8). The neighborhoods 102/Oranjestad Zuid, 901/Bay Brow and 801/Cherry Tree h ave an economic burden rate Economic status of the Populat i on Sint Eustat i us CBS, Census data 1960 1972 1981 1992 1997 2001 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% emplo y ed unemplo y ed not act i ve

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 40 Table 21: E conomic burden Sint Eustatius Neighborhood Economic burden 101 Oranjestad Noord 141 7 102 Oranjestad Zuid 93 8 201 Concordia 121 4 20 2 Golden Rock 164 3 301 Jeems 122 6 401 Union 112 9 402 Wilton Farm 129 6 501 Mansion 108 8 601 Princess Garden 112 5 701 Chapel Piece 107 4 801 Cherry Tree 105 4 901 Bay Brow 103 7 1001 Mountain 124 4 Not reported 101 9 Total 120 8 7 2 The employed population The Census of 2001 registered 1,043 e m ployed persons T able 22 gives an insight in to the status in employment Table 22 : S tatus in employment Sint Eustatius 1992 1997 2001 Absolute % Absolute % Absolute % Emplo yer 51 6 2 43 4 6 25 2 4 Self employed 69 8 4 60 6 4 100 9 6 Employee in permanent service 515 63 1 609 64 8 692 66 3 Employee in temporary service 89 10 9 116 12 3 79 7 8 Casual service or casual job 22 2 7 33 3 5 20 1 9 O n a contract 57 7 0 54 5 7 73 7 0 Others and unknown 14 1 7 25 2 7 54 5 2 Total 817 100 0 940 100 0 1 043 100 0 As it appears from table 22 the employed population in Sint Eustatius grew modestly b e tween 1992 and 1997 ( 125 persons ) and between 1997 and 2001 (103) When lookin g at categories the share of employees in permanent service increased b e tween 1992 and 2001, and the share of employers decreased. Shares of other categories of employment showed less clear developments. 7 .3 Unemployment Analyzing data for smaller entit ies, one should always bear in mind that relative small changes in absolute numbers might lead to quite major changes in relative figures. For Sint Eustatius, such is also the case

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 41 In 2001, almost nine percent (8 5%) of the labo r force w as unemployed C ompared to the year 1997 (11 2%), this is a decrease of almost three percentage points (2 7) The highest unemployment rates (s ee table 23 ) are registered in the neighborhoods 202/ Golden Rock and 401/Union, whereas the lowest unemployment rates are fou nd in the neighborhoods 901/Bay Brow, 1001/ M ountain and 102/Oranjestad Zuid The neighbo r hoods 101/Oranjesta d Noord and 701/Chapel Piece also show higher than average une m ploym ent rates Table 23: U nemployment rate Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neig hborhood Unemployment rate 15+ 101 Oranjestad Noord 10 1 102 Oranjestad Zuid 5 1 201 Concordia 6 8 202 Golden Rock 12 6 301 Jeems 7 1 401 Union 12 0 402 Wilton Farm 8 6 501 Mansion 8 6 601 Princess Garden 6 8 701 Chapel Piece 10 0 801 Cherry Tree 7 6 901 Bay Brow 3 6 1001 Mountain 0 0 Total 8 5 7. 4 Average i ncome of the employed population and average household income Table 2 4 displays the average income of the employed population in 2001 calculated in Antillean guilders and the average household income The average income of the e m ployed population in Sint Eustatius amounts to 1,627 Antillean guilders In 1992, the Ce n sus registered an ( inflated ) income of 1573 Antillean guilders The neighborhoods with the highest average income per worker (2,400 guilders or more) are the neighborhoods 801/Cherry Tree, 901/Bay Brow and 1001/Mountain. On the other hand, the neighborhoods with the lowest average income (less than 1,300 guilders), on the contrary, are the neigh borhoods 101/Oranjestad Noord, 202/Golden Rock, 102/Oranjestad Zuid, 301/Jeems and 501/Mansion. The average household income in January 2001 amounted to 3,424 Antillean guilders. In 1992 an inflated income of 2,737 guilders was registered, meaning a growt h of twenty five percent (25.1%) in nine years. Table 24 displays the average income per each household per neighborhood. According to the data the higher household incomes (5,000 guilders or more) can be found in the neighborhoods 801/Cherry Tree, 901/B ay Brow and 1001/Mountain. The neighborhoods

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 42 with the lowest household incomes (less than 2,500 guilders per month) are the neighbo r hoods 101/Oranjestad Noord and 202/Golden Rock. Table 2 4 : A verage income Si nt Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Average income of workers Average household Income 101 Oranjestad Noord 941 2,079 102 Oranjestad Zuid 1,209 2,546 201 Concordia 1,524 3,258 202 Golden Rock 1,162 2,414 301 Jeems 1,265 2,735 401 Union 1,838 3,848 402 Wilton Farm 1,74 1 3,366 501 Mansion 1,294 2,700 601 Princess Garden 1,968 4,142 701 Chapel Piece 1,886 3,541 801 Cherry Tree 2,713 6,439 901 Bay Brow 2,473 5,017 1001 Mountain 2,808 5,215 Total 1,627 3,424

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 43 8 Education in Sint Eustatius 8 1 General The educational situation of the population in Sint Eustatius will be addressed by focusing on the school participation rate, the level of education of the out of school population an d the drop out rate Because of an insignificant number of observations, illiteracy will not be dealt with Interpreting c ensus figures one should keep in mind that these are based on definitions provided by international c ensus standards Therefore, they are not always comparable to indicators based on administrative source s 8 2 School participation in Sint Eustatius G raph 13 is a display of school participation of both the age group for which education is compulsory and the higher age groups Graph 13 The influence of the Medical School on school participation rates becomes evident in the rates for children aged 17 and older. 8 3 Level of education 8 The average level of education calculated from the 2001 Census data is 37 6, meaning a p proximately 38 persons with a high er education per 1 00 persons with a low er education 8 The average level of education is comprised of persons of 15 years and older that have received at lea st a senior secondary education divided by persons that have no more than a junior secondary degree. The rate is subsequently multiplied by one hundred, resulting in the number of persons with higher education per hu n dred persons with lower education. School participation r a te Sint Eustatius 1992 2001 CBS, Census d a ta 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 24 25+ 0 20 40 60 80 100 1992 1997 2001

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 44 In 1992 the Census registered an average level of 35 which means that a modest overall i m provement in the average level of education in Sint Eustatius can be observed The education rate differs enormously between th e neighborhoods in Sint Eustatius (s ee table 25 ) Very high rates were calculated for the neighborhoods 1001/Mountain and 801/Cherry Tre e. In these neighborhoods, the number of higher educated persons outnu m bers by far the number of person s with a low er ed ucation Table 2 5 : L evel of education Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Higher educated Low er educated Hig her /100 low er educated 101 Oranjestad Noord 44 154 28,6 102 Oranjestad Zuid 42 139 30,2 201 Concordia 29 76 38,2 202 Go lden Rock 33 179 18,4 301 Jeems 13 60 21,7 401 Union 78 136 57,4 402 Wilton Farm 27 45 60,0 501 Mansion 14 38 36,8 601 Princess Garden 41 47 87,2 701 Chapel Piece 11 29 37,9 801 Cherry Tree 61 36 169,4 901 Bay Brow 26 47 55,3 1001 Mountain 36 15 240,0 Not reported 76 134 56,7 Total 531 1,141 46,5 The lowest rates, on the contrary, are found in the neighborhoods 202/Golden Rock, 301/Jeems and 101/Oranjestad Noord In these neighborhoods, less than thirty persons with a high er e ducation for each hundred persons with a low er education are found. 8 4 D rop out rate of the youth The drop out rate among the out of school youth in the age group 15 24 years in Sint Eustatius is almost forty six percent (45 9%) in 2001 Compared to the rate for 1992, a l most fifty three percent (52 7%) a decrease in the drop out rate by eight percentage points (7 8) occurred in this nine year period Table 26 shows the 2001 dropout rates for the neighborhoods. As the table shows, the rates vary signif icantly between the areas. The highest rates are found in 102/Oranjestad Zuid (73.3%), Jeems (62.5%), Cherry Tree (62.5%) and 202/Golden Rock (52.4%), whereas the lowest rate can be found in 901/Bay Brow (12.5%) and 501/Mansion (16.7. Not all the neighbor hoods could meet the criteria of at least 20 persons in the age category 15 24 years who currently are not receiving any education.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 45 Table 26: Y outh drop out rate Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood % Dropouts 15 24 yrs 101 Oranjest ad Noord 44.4 102 Oranjestad Zuid 73.3 201 Concordia 33.3 202 Golden Rock 52.4 301 Jeems 62.5 401 Union 32.0 402 Wilton Farm 20.0 501 Mansion 16.7 601 Princess Garden 20.0 701 Chapel Piece 801 Cherry Tree 62.5 901 Bay Bro w 12.5 1001 Mountain Total 45.9

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 46 9 Living accommodation and household situation in Sint Eustatius 9 .1 Stock of dwellings and the area for living purposes The stock of dwellings in Sint Eustatius can be divided into 8 7 1 inhabited dwellings, 1 68 uninhabit ed dwellings and 33 dwellings under construction, according to the Census of 2001 The total stock amounts therefore to 1 0 3 9 private dwellings Table 27: S tock of dwellings and space for living purposes Sint Eustatius Neighb code Neighborh ood Total dwellings Average m for living purposes 101 Oranjestad Noord 135 95 5 102 Oranjestad Zuid 124 102 0 201 Concordia 79 140 0 202 Golden Rock 124 92 5 301 Jeems 49 132 3 401 Union 128 127 0 402 Wilton Farm 49 85 5 501 Mansi on 34 84 8 601 Princess Garden 61 127 2 701 Chapel Piece 26 98 7 801 Cherry Tree 85 148 0 901 Bay Brow 47 157 9 1001 Mountain 48 158 1 N ot reported 50 126 2 Total 1 039 118 1 Most of the dwellings can be found in the neighborhoods Oranj estad, 202/Golde n R ock and 401/Union (s ee table 27) In these neighborhoods, the Census registered in total forty nine percent ( 49. 2 % ) of the stock. The neighborhoods 701/Chapel Piece, 501/Mansion and 901 / Bay Brow have the fewest number of dwellings Thes e neighborhoods together count just 97 dwellings ( 9.3% of the stock) Chapel Piece, with its low housing density, can be considered as rural area of Sint Eustatius. The Census collected also information about the amount of living space in a dwelling ( s ee table 27 ) The overall surface for living purposes entails all spaces for living purposes, e x cluding spaces for commercial goals, uncovered and open sidewalks, porches and garages In Si nt Eustatius, the average surface for living purposes amounts to almo st 118 square meters Each member of a household has on average over 46 square meters for his or her li v ing purposes. The largest dwellings can be found in the neighborhoods 1001/Mountain (158,1 m), 901/Bay Brow (157,9 m) and 801/Cherry Tree (148,0 m) whereas t he smallest dwellings are found in the neighborhoods 202/Golden Rock (92,5 m), 501/Mansion (84,8 m) and 402/Wilton Farm (85,5 m)

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 47 9 .2 Living accommodations, occupancy rate and size of hous e holds During the Census of 2001, 896 inhabited liv ing accommodations (excluding the instit u tions) were registered In 1992 the Census registered 619 inhabited living accommod a tions, which means that the total amount has increased by 277 living accommodations Table 28: O ccupancy of living accommodations Sint Eustatius Neighb o r hood code Neighborhood Population Total inhabited living accommodations Occupancy rate/ Average size of hous e holds 101 Oranjestad Noord 249 108 2.31 102 Oranjestad Zuid 251 107 2.35 201 Concordia 155 66 2.35 202 Go lden Rock 369 11 7 3.15 301 Jeems 118 43 2.74 401 Union 297 110 2.70 402 Wilton Farm 124 47 2.64 501 Mansion 70 29 2.41 601 Princess Garden 151 51 2.96 701 Chapel Piece 56 25 2.24 801 Cherry Tree 152 67 2.27 901 Bay Brow 110 43 2.56 1001 Mountain 65 36 1.81 N ot reported 107 47 2.28 Total 2,274 896 2.54 The occupancy rate is calculated by the quotient between the total population and the total number of inhabited living accommodations, as it is determined that only one household can inhabit a living accommodation The average occupancy rate is therefore equal to the average size of a household The average size of the households in Sint Eustatius in 2001 is two persons (2 54) (s ee t a ble 28). The Census of 1992 registered almo st three persons per household (2 80) which m ean s a slight decrease in the average size of the households in Sint Eustatius The average household size is the largest in the neighborhood s 202/Golden Rock (3 1 5 ) and 601/Princess Garden (2 9 6 ) and the smallest in the neighborhoods 901/Mountain (1 81) and 701/Chapel Piece (2 24) 9 .3 Adequacy of living accommodations According to the 2001 Census figures (s ee table 29 ) almost 14% of all living accommod a tions in Sint Eustatius are in bad condition. T he result is not comparable with the r e sult in 1992, since the 1992 Census counted only the inhabited living accommodations.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 48 The percentages of living accommodations in bad condition are the highest in the neighborhoods 701/Chapel Piece (45.4%), Oranjes tad Zuid (28.1 %%) and 101/Oranjestad Noord (25.6%), whereas the lowest percentages are found in 901/Bay Brow (2.2%), and 801/Cherry Tree (3.0%). No living accommodations in bad condition were registered for the neighborhoods 402/Wilton Farm, 601/Princess Garden and 1001/Mountain. Table 2 9 : L iving accommodations in bad condition Sint Eustatius Neighb orhood code Neighborhood Inhabited in bad condition Un inhabited in bad condition % Total in bad cond i tion 101 Oranjestad Noord 19 14 25 6 102 Oran jestad Zuid 19 13 28 1 201 Concordia 9 1 15 2 202 Golden Rock 4 2 5 4 301 Jeems 4 3 15 9 401 Union 5 7 10 5 402 Wilton Farm 501 Mansion 3 4 23 3 601 Princess Garden 701 Chapel Piece 9 1 45 4 801 Cherry Tree 2 3 0 901 Bay Brow 1 2 2 1001 Mountain N ot reported 7 1 16 3 Total 82 46 13 7 9 .4 Right of ownership, the monthly rent paid and the ratio b e tween rent and the household income In Sint Eustatius, fifty percent of the living accommodations are r ented In 1992 over 42 percent (42 5%) were rented, meaning an increase in the rented accommodations Table 30 shows the ratio between rented and owned accommodations for each neighborhood The highest ratios of rented units are found in the neighborhood s 202/Golden Rock (for each owned unit there are almost 5 rented accommodations) 102/Oranjestad Zuid and 801/Cherry Tree (almost 2 rented/per 1 in property), whereas the lowest ratio can be found in 601/Princess Garden. The average monthly rent paid in 2001 amounts to 478 Antillean guilders (see table 31). In 1992, the occupants of the rented units paid an amount of 447 Antillean guilders. If the la t ter is inflated to the price levels of 2001, a total amount of 530 Antillean guilders is the r e sult. A com parison of the inflated figure for 1992 with the registered figure for 2001 shows a d e crease

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 49 Table 30: P roperty owned living accommodations against rented accommod a tions Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Property owned living accommod a tions Rented living a c commodations Rented/owned ratio 101 Oranjestad Noord 57 51 0.89 102 Oranjestad Zuid 40 67 1.68 201 Concordia 39 27 0.69 202 Golden Rock 21 96 4.57 301 Jeems 26 17 0.65 401 Union 71 39 0.55 402 Wilton Farm 24 23 0.96 501 Mansion 15 14 0.93 601 Princess Ga r den 40 11 0.28 701 Chapel Piece 16 9 0.56 801 Cherry Tree 25 42 1.68 901 Bay Brow 27 16 0.59 1001 Mountain 17 19 1.12 N ot report ed 25 22 0.88 Total 443 453 1.02 The neighborhoods where the highest rents per month are paid are 801/Cherry Tree (839 ANG), 402/Wilton Farm (787 ANG) and 1001/Mountain (682 ANG). The lowest rents per month, on the contrary, compared to the island s av erage, are paid in the neighborhoods 101/Oranjestad Noord (256 ANG) and 102/Oranjestad Zuid (312 ANG). Table 31: A verage rent paid Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Average rent 101 Oranjestad Noord 256,4 102 Oranjestad Zuid 312,4 201 Concordia 570,2 202 Golden Rock 3 63,1 301 Jeems 361,9 401 Union 525,4 402 Wilton Farm 786,6 501 Mansion 395,5 601 Princess Garden 379,5 701 Chapel Piece 325,0 801 Cherry Tree 839,2 901 Bay Brow 671,7 1001 Mountain 682,0 To tal 478,4

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 50 9 .5 Presence of basic and luxury appliances 9 in the living a c commodations The highest scores regarding the presence of the basic appliances in living accommod a tions are found in 402/Wilton Farm and 1001 Mountain (both 5 00) whereas the lo west scores are found in 101/Oranjestad N oord (4 52) and 501/Mansion (4 57 ). Table 32: H ome appliances Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Basic appl iances Score Luxury appl iances Score 101 Oranjestad Noord 4,52 4,47 102 Oranjestad Zu id 4,62 5,12 201 Concordia 4,74 5,62 202 Golden Rock 4,94 4,76 301 Jeems 4,70 5,67 401 Union 4,91 5,71 402 Wilton Farm 5,00 5,09 501 Mansion 4,57 4,90 601 Princess Garden 4,98 6,42 701 Chapel Piece 4,73 6,27 801 Cherry Tree 4,97 6,04 901 Bay Brow 4,97 6,38 1001 Mountain 5,00 8,11 N ot reported 4,93 5,77 Total 4,81 5,46 In Sint Eustatius, the average score for the possession of luxury appliances is 5 46, mea n i ng that the households possess less than half of the amount of l uxury appliances that are inve s tigated by the Census The highest scores are found in the neighborhoods 1001/Mountain (8 11), 601/Princess Garden (6 42), 901/Bay Brow (6 38), and 701/Chapel Piece (6 27)) whereas the lowest score can be found in the neig hborhood 101/Oranjestad Noord (4 47 meaning less than 5 items) 9 .6 Composition of households C ompari ng the composition of households in 2001 with 1992 a certain change from n u cleus to non nucleus household types becomes visible. In 2001 fifty six per cent (56 3%) of the hou seholds consisted of one nucleus families, over four percent (4 4%) of two or more nucleus families and forty one percent (4 1. 3%) of no nucleus households In 1992 these figures were respectively sixty percent (60 1%), almost five percent (4 7%) and thirty five percent (35 2%) 9 Se e concepts and definition on page 11 and 14

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 51 Graph 14 As graph 14 shows couple s with children (23 8%) and the one person households (33 7%) are in 2001 by far the largest proportions of the composition of households 9 6 1 Female head ed household s In 2001 the Census registered almost thirty five percent (34 7%) female h ead s of hous e hold Compared to 1992 (32 3%), the proportio n increased by over two percentage points (2 4 ) Table 33: F emale headed households Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Female head % Female head 101 Oranjestad Noord 43 39.4 102 Oranjestad Zuid 39 36.1 201 Concordia 21 31.8 202 Golden Rock 52 44.1 301 Jeems 15 34.9 401 Union 35 31.5 402 Wilton Farm 18 38.3 501 Mansion 11 36.7 601 Princess Garden 11 21.2 701 Chapel Piece 9 36.0 801 Cherry Tree 18 41.9 901 Bay Brow 14 32.6 1001 Mountain 8 22.2 N ot reported 19 40.4 Total 313 34.7 Table 3 3 displays the highest share s of female head s of househo ld in the neighborhoods 202/Golden Rock (44.1%), 801/Cherry Tree (41.9%) and 101/Oranjestad Noord (39.4%), Composition of Hous e holds Sint Eustat i us Source: census 2001 Cou ple with child 23,8% Couple without child 16,0% One parent with child 16,5% 2 or more nuclei 4,4% One person hous e holds 33,7% No nuclear hou s holds 5,6%

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 52 whereas the lowest percentages are found in the neighborhoods 601/Princess Garden (21.2%) and 1001/Mountain (22.2%). 9 .6. 2 One person households Th e development of smaller households in Sint Eustatius was for the first time observed in 1981 In 1981 the average size of household s was 3 1 and in 1992 this amount dropped to 2 8 persons per household In 2001 th is drop is continued, resulting finally in a total of 2 5 persons per household T able 3 4 gives an overview of the one person households In 2001, the Census regi s tered a bout 34 percent (33 7%) of the one person households In 1992 the share of the total number of one person households was twe nty nine percent (29 1%) The largest shares of one person households can be found in the neighborhoods 101/Oranjestad Noord (42 2%), 1001/Mountain (41 7%), 201/Concordia (40 9%) and 102/Oranjestad Zuid (40 7%), whereas the lowest shares are found in th e neighborhoods 202/Golden Rock (22%) and 501/Mansion (23 3%) Table 34: O ne person households Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood One person households % One person hous e holds 101 Oranjestad Noord 46 42.2 102 Oranjestad Zuid 44 40.7 201 Concordia 27 40.9 202 Golden Rock 26 22.0 301 Jeems 17 39.5 401 Union 30 27.0 402 Wilton Farm 15 31.9 501 Mansion 7 23.3 601 Princess Garden 13 25.0 701 Chapel Piece 10 40.0 801 Cherry Tree 24 35.8 901 Bay Brow 11 25.6 10 01 Mountain 15 41.7 N ot reported 19 40.4 Total 304 33.7 9 .6. 3 Single parent households A single parent household with children under the age of 18 is generally considered a vu l nerable household Children under the age of 18 need parental guidance a nd support while this single parent also has the responsibility to provide household income. Almost seventeen percent (16.5%) of the households in Sint Eustatius consist of one parent with children. Of this group, ten percent (10.3%) are parents with at l east one child under 18 years. The 1992 Census registered an equal number of one parent households.

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 53 Table 35: Single parent households Sint Eustatius Neighb orhood code Neighborhood One parent Households % One parent households 101 Oranjestad Noord 10 9 2 102 Oranjestad Zuid 13 12 0 201 Concordia 4 6 1 202 Golden Rock 15 13 0 301 Jeems 4 9 3 401 Union 12 10 8 402 Wilton Farm 5 10 6 501 Mansion 4 13 3 601 Princess Garden 7 13 4 701 Chapel Piece 4 16 0 801 Cherry Tree 2 3 0 901 Bay Brow 7 16 3 1001 Mountain 1 2 8 N ot reported 5 Total 93 10 3 The highest proportions of one parent households are found in the neighborhoods 701/Chapel Piece (16 0%) and Bay Brow (16 3%) whereas the lowest percentages are found in t he neighborhoods 1001/Mountain (2 8%) and 801/Cherry Tree (3 0%)

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 54 10 Socio economic overview of Sint Eustatius Chapter 10 deals with a composite socio economic overview based on eight s ocio economic indicators 10 for Sint Eustatius chosen by CBS. Table 36: S ocial economic score Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Social economic score Social economic priority 101 Oranjestad Noord 33 High 202 Golden Rock 30 High 201 Concordia 24 Medium high 301 Jeems 27 Medium high 102 O ranjestad Zuid 23 Normal 401 Union 21 Normal 501 Mansion 22 Normal 701 Chapel Piece 23 Normal 402 Wilton Farm 19 Low 601 Princess Garden 15 Low 801 Cherry Tree 10 L ow 901 Bay Brow 12 L ow 1001 Mountain 12 L ow Table 36 shows that when it comes to prioritizing programs to alleviate socio economic issues, Oranjestad Noord and Golden Rock score high on the composite index used, fo l lowed by Concoridia and Jeemes as medium priority zones. Scores for the other areas are lower to much lo wer. 10 See concepts and definitions list on page 16

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 55 Appendix Saba Zone code Name of zone Population Male Female 01 Zion Hill 283 151 132 02 St. Johns 186 95 91 03 The Bottom 462 228 234 04 Windward Side 418 204 214 Total 1 349 678 671 Zone code Name of zone Sex ratio Population 0 14 y rs. Population 65+ yrs. 01 Zion Hill 114.4 53 26 02 St. Johns 104.4 54 10 03 The Bottom 97.4 95 61 04 Windward Side 95.3 78 50 Total 101.0 280 147 Zone code Name of zone Potential labor force % Population 0 14 yrs. % Population 65+ yrs. 01 Z ion Hill 204 18.7 9.2 02 St. Johns 122 29.0 5.3 03 The Bottom 306 20.6 13.2 04 Windward Side 290 18.7 12.0 Total 922 20.8 10.9 Zone code Name of zone Demographic burden % English speaking households Foreign born 01 Zion Hill 38.7 92.3 110 0 2 St. Johns 52.4 86.8 71 03 The Bottom 51.0 87.3 172 04 Windward Side 44.1 89.5 186 Total 46.3 89.0 539 Zone code Name of zone % Foreign born Economic bu r den Average income of workers (incl. s tudents of Med i cal School) Average income of house holds (incl. s t u dents Medical School) 01 Zion Hill 38.9 109.6 2 676 4 003 02 St. Johns 38.2 118.8 2 753 4 586 03 The Bottom 37.2 128.7 2 037 3 520 04 Windward Side 44.4 137.5 2 182 3 405 Total 40.0 125.6 2 328 3 710

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 56 Zone code Name of zone Labor force Unemployed Unemployment rate 15+ % Unempl. 15 24yrs. 01 Zion Hill 147 12 8.2 26.7 02 St. Johns 92 7 7.6 16.7 03 The Bottom 213 11 5.2 22.2 04 Windward Side 185 9 4.9 10.5 Total 637 39 6.1 18.6 Zone code Name of zone School attend ance 15 19 yrs. % School attendance 15 19 yrs. 01 Zion Hill 12 85.7 02 St. Johns 6 42.9 03 The Bottom 6 54.5 04 Windward Side 8 57.1 Total 32 60.4 Zone code Name of zone % Illiteracy Highly educated Low educated 01 Zion Hill 2.1 58 133 02 S t. Johns 0.8 40 78 03 The Bottom 11.8 72 227 04 Windward Side 1.1 114 162 Total 4.9 284 600 Zone code Name of zone High/100 low educated ratio Inhabited dwellings Uninhabited dwellings 01 Zion Hill 43 6 98 19 02 St. Johns 51 3 63 16 03 The B ottom 31 7 173 38 04 Windward Side 70 4 175 81 Total 47 3 509 154 Zone code Name of zone Total dwellings Average m for living pu r poses Average size of households 01 Zion Hill 117 83 2 42 02 St. Johns 79 118 2 74 03 The Bottom 211 97 2 44 04 Windward Side 256 111 2 20 Total 663 101 2 39 Zone code Name of zone Rented living accommodations In property living acco m modations Rented/ In property ratio 01 Zion Hill 43 71 60 6 02 St. Johns 40 27 148 1 03 The Bottom 91 86 105 8 04 Windw ard Side 79 108 73 1 Total 253 292 86 6

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 57 Zone code Name of zone Average rent Basic appliances Luxury appliances 01 Zion Hill 864 5 4 96 6 41 02 St. Johns 664 6 4 90 6 09 03 The Bottom 513 8 4 78 5 24 04 Windward Side 862 2 4 92 6 09 Tot al 701 6 4 88 5 88 Zone code Name of zone Female head % Female head One person households 01 Zion Hill 19 16 2 37 02 St. Johns 17 25 0 19 03 The Bottom 83 43 9 65 04 Windward Side 60 31 6 68 Total 179 31 7 189 Zone code Name of zone % One person hous e holds One parent households % One parent households 01 Zion Hill 31 6 3 2 6 02 St. Johns 27 9 7 10 3 03 The Bottom 34 4 8 4 2 04 Windward Side 35 8 5 2 6 Total 33 5 23 4 1

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 58 Sint Eustatius Neighborhood code Neighborhood Popula tion Male Female Sex ratio 0 14yrs. 65+yrs. Potential Labor Force 101 Oranjestad Noord 261 133 128 103.9 55 46 160 102 Oranjestad Zuid 252 131 121 108.3 65 24 163 201 Concordia 155 82 73 112.3 39 26 90 202 Golden Rock 370 183 187 97.9 122 16 23 2 301 Jeems 118 58 60 96.7 39 7 72 401 Union 298 142 156 91.0 74 19 205 402 Wilton Farm 124 66 58 113.8 40 6 78 501 Mansion 71 36 35 102.9 12 5 54 601 Princess Garden 153 69 84 82.1 57 96 701 Chapel Piece 56 27 29 93.1 15 5 36 801 Ch erry Tree 152 74 78 94.9 38 6 108 901 Bay Brow 110 50 60 83.3 28 8 74 1001 Mountain 65 36 29 124.1 6 18 41 Not reported 107 51 56 30 13 64 Total 2,292 1,138 1,154 98.6 620 199 1,473 Neighborhood code Neighborhood % 0 14 yrs. %65+ yrs. Demogr aphic burden % English speaking households 101 Oranjestad Noord 21 1 17 6 63 1 73 4 102 Oranjestad Zuid 25 8 9 5 54 6 79 6 201 Concordia 25 2 16 8 72 2 92 4 202 Golden Rock 33 0 4 3 59 5 89 8 301 Jeems 33 1 5 9 63 9 97 7 401 Union 24 8 6 4 45 4 79 3 402 Wilton Farm 32 3 4 8 59 0 89 4 501 Mansion 16 9 7 0 31 2 80 0 601 Princess Garden 37 3 0 0 59 4 90 4 701 Chapel Piece 26 8 8 9 55 5 88 0 801 Cherry Tree 25 0 3 9 40 7 82 1 901 Bay Brow 25 4 7 3 48 6 95 2 1001 Mountain 9 2 27 7 58 5 91 6 Total 27 1 8 7 55 6 84 1

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 59 Neigborhoodcode Neighborhood Foreign Born % Foreign born Economic burden 101 Oranjestad Noord 106 40 6 141 7 102 Oranjestad Zuid 115 45 6 93 8 201 Concordia 60 38 7 121 4 202 Golden Rock 82 22 2 164 3 301 Jeems 43 36 4 122 6 401 Union 87 29 2 112 9 402 Wilton Farm 50 40 3 129 6 501 Mansion 23 32 4 108 8 601 Princess Garden 37 24 2 112 5 701 Chapel Piece 17 30 3 107 4 801 Cherry Tree 79 52 0 105 4 901 Bay Brow 27 24 5 103 7 1001 Mountain 50 76 9 124 4 Not reported 50 Total 826 36 0 120 8 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Average income of workers Average household Income Unemployment rate 15+ 101 Oranjestad Noord 941 2 079 10 1 102 Oranjestad Zuid 1 209 2 5 46 5 1 201 Concordia 1 524 3 258 6 8 202 Golden Rock 1 162 2 414 12 6 301 Jeems 1 265 2 735 7 1 401 Union 1 838 3 848 12 0 402 Wilton Farm 1 741 3 366 8 6 501 Mansion 1 294 2 700 8 6 601 Princess Garden 1 968 4 142 6 8 701 Chapel Pi ece 1 886 3 541 10 0 801 Cherry Tree 2 713 6 439 7 6 901 Bay Brow 2 473 5 017 3 6 1001 Mountain 2 808 5 215 0 0 Total 1 627 3 424 8 4 Neighborhood code Neighborhood % Dropouts 15 24 yrs Illiteracy Highly educated Low educated 101 Oranj estad Noord 44 4 4 1 44 154 102 Oranjestad Zuid 73 3 1 8 42 139 201 Concordia 33 3 2 9 29 76 202 Golden Rock 52 4 2 0 33 179 301 Jeems 62 5 4 3 13 60 401 Union 32 0 0 5 78 136 402 Wilton Farm 20 0 2 8 27 45 501 Mansion 16 7 4 3 14 38 601 Princess Garden 20 0 1 2 41 47 701 Chapel Piece 2 6 11 29 801 Cherry Tree 62 5 1 0 61 36 901 Bay Brow 12 5 4 1 26 47 1001 Mountain 2 0 36 15 Not reported 76 134 Total 45 9 2 2 531 1 141

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 60 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Hig/100 lo w educated Inhabited dwellings Uninhabited dwellings 101 Oranjestad Noord 28 6 97 32 102 Oranjestad Zuid 30 2 87 27 201 Concordia 38 2 53 13 202 Golden Rock 18 4 105 7 301 Jeems 21 7 38 6 401 Union 57 4 94 20 402 Wilton Farm 60 0 33 4 501 Mansion 36 8 22 8 601 Princess Garden 87 2 50 10 701 Chapel Piece 37 9 20 2 801 Cherry Tree 169 4 46 20 901 Bay Brow 55 3 42 4 1001 Mountain 240 0 34 12 Not reported 46 3 Total 46 5 767 168 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Tot al dwellings Average m for living pu r poses Average size of households 101 Oranjestad Noord 135 95.5 2.31 102 Oranjestad Zuid 124 102.0 2.35 201 Concordia 79 140.0 2.35 202 Golden Rock 124 92.5 3.15 301 Jeems 49 132.3 2.74 401 Union 128 1 27.0 2.70 402 Wilton Farm 49 85.5 2.64 501 Mansion 34 84.8 2.41 601 Princess Garden 61 127.2 2.96 701 Chapel Piece 26 98.7 2.24 801 Cherry Tree 85 148.0 2.27 901 Bay Brow 47 157.9 2.56 1001 Mountain 48 158.1 1.81 Not reported 50 126.2 2.28 Total 1039 118.1 2.54 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Inhabited in bad condition Uninhabited in bad condition % Total in bad co n dition 101 Oranjestad Noord 19 14 25 6 102 Oranjestad Zuid 19 13 28 1 201 Concordia 9 1 15 2 202 Golden Roc k 4 2 5 4 301 Jeems 4 3 15 9 401 Union 5 7 10 5 402 Wilton Farm 501 Mansion 3 4 23 3 601 Princess Garden 701 Chapel Piece 9 1 45 4 801 Cherry Tree 2 3 0 901 Bay Brow 1 2 2 1001 Mountain Not reported 7 1 Total 82 46 13 7

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 61 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Property owned living accommodations Rented living accomm o dations Rented/owned ratio 101 Oranjestad Noord 53 47 112 8 102 Oranjestad Zuid 40 65 61 5 201 Concordia 38 26 146 2 202 Golden Rock 21 96 21 9 301 Jeems 26 14 185 7 401 Union 68 37 183 8 402 Wilton Farm 24 22 109 1 501 Mansion 16 13 123 1 601 Princess Garden 38 11 345 5 701 Chapel Piece 16 9 177 8 801 Cherry Tree 25 41 61 0 901 Bay Brow 27 16 168 8 1001 Mountain 1 6 18 88 9 Not reported 24 20 120 0 Total 432 435 99 3 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Average rent Basic appl. Score Luxury appl. Score 101 Oranjestad Noord 256 44 4 52 4 47 102 Oranjestad Zuid 312 47 4 62 5 12 201 Concordia 570 21 4 74 5 62 202 Golden Rock 363 19 4 94 4 76 301 Jeems 361 94 4 70 5 67 401 Union 525 42 4 91 5 71 402 Wilton Farm 786 65 5 04 5 09 501 Mansion 395 50 4 57 4 90 601 Princess Garden 379 50 4 98 6 42 701 Chapel Piece 325 00 4 73 6 27 801 Cherry T ree 839 29 4 97 6 04 901 Bay Brow 671 79 4 97 6 38 1001 Mountain 682 00 5 07 8 11 Not reported 900 77 4 93 5 77 Total 478 47 4 81 5 46 Neighborhood code Neighborhood Female head % Female head One person households 101 Oranjestad Noord 43 39 4 46 102 Oranjestad Zuid 39 36 1 44 201 Concordia 21 31 8 27 202 Golden Rock 52 44 1 26 301 Jeems 15 34 9 17 401 Union 35 31 5 30 402 Wilton Farm 18 38 3 15 501 Mansion 11 36 7 7 601 Princess Garden 11 21 2 13 701 Chapel Piece 9 3 6 0 10 801 Cherry Tree 18 41 9 24 901 Bay Brow 14 32 6 11 1001 Mountain 8 22 2 15 Not reported 19 19 Total 313 34 7 304

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Geo data 2001 Saba & Sint Eustatius 62 Neighborhood code Neighborhood % One person hous e holds One parent h ouseholds % One parent households 101 Oranjestad No ord 42 2 10 15 6 102 Oranjestad Zuid 40 7 12 15 7 201 Concordia 40 9 2 6 1 202 Golden Rock 22 0 13 24 6 301 Jeems 39 5 3 9 3 401 Union 27 0 11 13 5 402 Wilton Farm 31 9 4 8 5 501 Mansion 23 3 1 20 0 601 Princess Garden 25 0 7 13 5 701 Chapel Piece 40 0 3 16 0 801 Cherry Tree 35 8 2 4 5 901 Bay Brow 25 6 7 18 6 1001 Mountain 41 7 1 2 8 Not reported 5 Total 33 7 81 13 7